Free

Gravess Disease - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
According to the essay in the first case study, it is most likely that lab test results would show an increase in number of thyroid hormones, because thyroid stimulating hormones receptors and thyrotrophin-releasing hormone receptors would get reduced. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
Gravess Disease
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Gravess Disease"


In the first case study, it is most likely that lab test results would show an increase in number of thyroid hormones, because thyroid stimulating hormones receptors and thyrotrophin-releasing hormone receptors would get reduced. Swelling of eyes indicates the likelihood of the patient being diagnosed with Graves’s disease, an autoimmune disease, which causes hyperthyroidism (“Clinical Case,”2001). Graves’s disease is caused by production of auto antibodies that blocks thyroid stimulating hormones receptors, responsible for regulation synthesis of thyroid hormones. In addition, this patient is also related to a family with a history on autoimmune diseases. There are many ways to treat Graves’s disease but in this case, Radioiodine has been found to be safe and efficient. It involves use of iodine radioactive isotopes to induce hypothyroidism which is easy and cheap to treat.
The second case study showed that, endocrine glands that are likely to cause symptoms portrayed by the patient are adrenal glands, kidney, liver, or ovaries. There are also a number of hormones involved: the first one is androgen that is responsible for growth of hair below the abdomen and on thighs, but at higher concentration cause growth in other body parts such as the face in this case. The second one is Cortisol hormone that control metabolism in the liver and muscle fats that led to fatigue and injury of capillaries walls which explain the abdominal pains. The other involved hormones are aldosterone and steroid hormones. Adrenal diseases are associated with adrenal gland problems which may be either primary or secondary. The main different on the two is the impact on the body functions. A primary gland problem exists when only the gland is affected while a Secondary gland problem affect other body organs such as the liver or the heart. Alterations of these hormones are mostly caused by adrenal insufficiency or high blood pressure (“Clinical Case,”2001).
The patient in the third case study could be diagnosed with hyponatremia characterized by the low serum sodium, unconsciousness, and muscle weakness. Low sodium test would be caused by atrial tension from increase of pressure on central nerve stimulating production of atrial natriuretic peptide which hinders reabsorption of Na+ back into the blood stream (“Clinical Case,”2001). However, normality in potassium levels, Cl- levels and HCO3 levels on lab results shows that the patient was undiagnosed for some years. High glucose levels and absence of ketones in the urine would suggest kidney failure or failure to synthesis proteins involved in uptake of sodium. Pneumonia is a respiratory disease and could not have contributed to patient’s previous state.
In the forth case study, Mr. Metzener’s aldosterone hormones are being produced in excess hence resulting to more excretion of sodium. Therefore, to try and balance salt and water levels in the blood, the body needs a lot of water which explains his polyuria condition. Some of aldosterone hormone alteration causes would be initiated by either nervous tension or excessive extracellular fluids (“Clinical Case,”2001). Secretion of excessive extracellular fluids would raises water levels in the blood stream triggering production of excessive aldosterone hormones for an equal production of NA+.
The condition in the fifth case study is known as hyponatremia characterized by hyper production of aldosterone hormone. Aldosterone hormone is produced by the adrenal gland. This case differs with that of Mr. Metzener because there are no signs of depletion of fluids or excess extracellular fluids. Therefore, the other likely cause of alteration on the hormone could be never tension (“Clinical Case,”2001).















Reference
n.a. (2001). Clinical Case. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Gravess Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 36”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1606890-case-study
(Gravess Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 36)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1606890-case-study.
“Gravess Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 36”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1606890-case-study.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Gravess Disease

World War One. Gravess Good Bye to All That

...?Explain historically Graves’s Good Bye to All That. What is “all that”? Why does he leave it behind, and where does he arrive. How is Graves’sexperience representative of many Europeans’ experiences of the Great War, or how is it unique among those many experiences? At the beginning of the First World War, few had foreseen how much that conflict would affect the social, political, and economical map of Europe. In fact, its consequences for the European societies were so great that many historians refer to the First World War as to the start of the modern era (Wilde). In his autobiographical novel “Goodbye to all that”, Graves aims to overcome his traumatic war experience and close that chapter of his life, resolving “never... historically...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Cardiovascular disease

...?Introduction Medical science has evolved to the point where there are many diseases and illnesses that can be treated or at least can be managed through the use of different medications. Some of these diseases are genetically based and there is no control over the progression of the disease. Others are caused by external factors such as lifestyle and the environment. One of these diseases that have become a popular topic in the field of medicine and health care is cardiovascular disease, especially in American culture. According to trends and medical statistical data, every twenty five seconds, an American will suffer from a heart related medical...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Alzheimer's disease

...?Memory and Alzheimer’s Disease Memory is defined as “a process of information retention in which our experiences are archived and then recovered when we recall them” (Cardoso). Short term memory is the recent memory which stores small amount of information and can recollect events that occurred lately in the person’s life. Long term memory is one which can hold larger amount of information and can recall events that happened very early in life. Alzheimer’s disease is normally considered as a form of dementia in elderly people and is a progressive, irreversible and fatal brain disorder that hinders with the patient’s capability to perform his every day chores and maintain social life, by destroying the brain cells. It has a slow... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Alzheimers disease and Dementia Disease

...Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia Disease Outline The aging population in the United s has been improving with the result in the greater number of people suffering from age related pathologies. Dementia is one of the most important diseases of the elderly. Dementia is sometimes confused with Alzheimer’s disease. Both the conditions are different from each other as Alzheimer’s disease serves to be the most frequent cause of dementia but there may be other pathologies leading to dementia. Dementia may occur due to infections and other pathologies of the nervous system like Huntington’s disease. 70 percent of cases of dementia result due to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Lyme Disease

...? [Teacher’s Biology Lyme disease Definition Lyme disease is an infectious animal borne illness that is transmitted by species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia (Samuels, 2010). Studies have shown that the diseases is caused by at least three species of this genus however, the main causative agent is a spirochete known as Borrelia burgdorferi (Mayo Clinic staff, 2005). The disease is spread through the bite of deer ticks, Inxodes scapularies, which feed on the blood of humans and animals (Mayo Staff clinic, 2005). Lyme disease was first identified in 1975 by Dr. Allen Steere after an out break of rheumatoid arthritis in Lyme, Connecticut (Todar,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Parkinson's disease

...? Parkinson’s Disease Introduction Parkinson’s disease, PD is among the conditions grouped as motor system disorders. It is a non-fatal slowly progressing neurodegenerative brain disorder, which points out to the reason that people could live with it for over twenty years from the time of diagnosis as indicated by the National Parkinson Foundation, NPF (2013). It results from loss of brain cells charged with producing dopamine, a chemical responsible for relaying messages between the brain’s substantia nigra and other regions of the brain so as to control human body movement, hence an important chemical in ensuring smooth and coordinated muscle movements. Damaging approximately 60% to 80% of the cells...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Celiac disease

...? Celiac Disease Celiac Disease Introduction Celiac disease is a pathological condition which affects the small intestine of an individual. It is an autoimmune condition which is led to by the response of the T cells against the cells of small intestine. This immune response occurs due to intolerance to gluten which is a protein that is present in wheat, barley and rye. It leads to atrophic changes in the villi of the small intestine which then affects the normal absorption of nutrients in the patient. The patient may present with pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, nausea and a reduction in weight. Anemia is also a common presentation (Longmore 2007). Current data trends and research Celiac...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Disease

...? Drivers of emergence of viral diseases in humans Introduction The past few decades have witnessed anincreased interest in the upsurge in the number of viruses causing unanticipated sicknesses and spates among people, livestock and wildlife. In many instances, the outbreaks have severely strained both the local and national resources during periods when health care expenditure in the economically developed states has been restrained. Emerging illness is a phrase that has been utilized with augmenting occurrence to delineate the appearance of an unidentified contagion, or a beforehand identified contagion that expanded to a new ecological niche or a geographical area (Howard & Fletcher, 2012). The primary meaning... . In the contemporary...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Disease

...?Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Introduction Gastro esophageal reflux disease also known as acid reflux disease or just asGERD is a lifestyle disease and always a long-lasting symptom of mucosal damage. The extensive damage of the mucus lining of the esophagus results from production of an excessive acid by the stomach most of which move backward to the esophagus. Whenever such movements of stomach acids likes the hydrochloric acid that help in the digestion of food leaks from the stomach back to the esophagus, the mucus lining of the wall prevent them from corroding the esophagus. Additionally, such backward movement of stomach and intestinal acids are rare since...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Disease

...Down syndrome Introduction Down syndrome is a condition resulting from abnormal cell division that presents with an extra genetic material from chromosome 21. The implication of Down syndrome varies in severity but causes a lifelong disability in the intellectual system as well as in developmental delays. Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder and has an epidemiological prevalence rate of one in every one thousand births. Etiology of Down syndrome The cells of the human contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, each pair of the chromosomes are inherited from each parent. During cell division of each pair of the chromosomes from either parent, a genetic malfunction can occur resulting in the development of an extra genetic... syndrome...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Gravess Disease for FREE!

Contact Us