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Graves Disease: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment - Research Paper Example

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The main purpose of the following study "Graves Disease: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment" is to describe the history of the Graves disease, also known as Basedow-Graves' disease. The paper further reveals early signs and symptoms, factors and possible treatment…
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Graves Disease: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment
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Download file to see previous pages With hyperthyroidism, many important bodies function to speed up, including heart rate and the conversion of food into energy. Graves’ disease is a rare disorder, and according to Office on Women’s Health statistics, the number of people with Graves’ disease in the U.S is 4.5 million, that is roughly 0.25% of the population. Though this disease can affect both men and women, the latter is 10 times more vulnerable than the former (“Graves’ Disease Fact Sheet,” 2013).
The earliest records of Graves’ disease are found in the documents of the English physician Caleb Hillier Parry (1700s). Though the name was not given at that time, he noted that there is a connection between an enlarged thyroid gland, rapid heartbeat and cardiovascular complications. Similarly, physicians like Giuseppe Flajani and Antonio Giuseppe Testa, both in the 1700s, noted the connection between enlarged thyroid and cardiac complications. However, it was Robert James Graves’ (the 1930s) who first theorized that a thyroid gland disturbance could be the reason behind the complications like an enlarged thyroid, increased and irregular heartbeat, and protruded eyes. Moreover, the scholar noted that females are much more vulnerable to this condition than men are. Later on, Karl Adolph von Basedow further elaborated on this finding and pointed out that there are many other conditions associated with this, including nervousness and weight loss (Weetman, 2003).
The list of symptoms is rather long. They include swelling of the thyroid gland (goiter), rapid heart rate (tachycardia), irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), higher blood pressure, shortness of breath, sudden weight loss, poor weight gain despite high appetite, intolerance to heat, restlessness, frequent bowel movements, increased energy, fatigue, insomnia, erratic behavior, chronic sinus infections, rages, blurred vision, double vision, protruded eyes beyond the protective orbit (exophthalmos). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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