WHO was formulated by the United Nations (UN) on 7 April 1948 to serve as a specialized agency concerned with the improvement of public health internationally. WHO has membership of the UN Development Group. Its headquarters…
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ves of WHO is “To reduce morbidity and mortality and improve health during key stages of life, including pregnancy, childbirth, the neonatal period, childhood and adolescence, and improve sexual and reproductive health and promote active and healthy ageing for all individuals” (WHO, 2012).
The target population of WHO are all people in the world in general and the poor people in the underdeveloped countries in particular, which do not have adequate resources to ensure the health and safety of their citizens. UN has introduced a lot of vaccines for the prevention of different kinds of diseases in such countries as India, Pakistan, Sudan, and Ethiopia. “WHO was on the alert in those parts of the world experiencing humanitarian crises, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Horn of Africa, Iraq, Sudan and in particular Darfur, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and elsewhere” (Chaib, 2006).
WHO has an operational history full of successes and few failures since its establishment. In the year 1947, WHO created an epidemiological service of information through telex and launched the programme for the eradication of malaria in the year 1955. Ten years later, WHO created the International Agency for Research on Cancer. In 1966, WHO shifted in its headquarters building. In 1974, WHO started the Expanded Programme on Immunization. In 1975, WHO launched the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases. Between 1986 and 1996, WHO was actively involved in creating awareness about the causes, risks, and prevention of HIV/AIDS and Polio. It took several measures to providing the patients of HIV/AIDS with medical attention without discrimination on the basis of race or region. In 1988, WHO established the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
Smallpox was a major health issue in 31 countries of the world in the year 1967. The victims of smallpox in 1967 was from 10 to 15 million, out of which 2 million patients died while millions got
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World Health Organization. The World Health Organization is one of the specialized United Nations agencies and it is responsible for international health. Since its inception in 1948, the WHO has been playing a leading role in addressing various health challenges that are afflicting the world.
The author states that a variety of important external constraints affect the success of the objectives and the progress of HIV/AIDS programs and compliance with WHO concepts of primary healthcare. Increased attention should be given to disease surveillance and to estimates and projections of the economic impact of HIV/AIDS.
1, 4); more prevalent but most widespread is the Leishmaniasis, which is threatening more or less 350 million adults and children in 88 countries and currently infecting as many as 12 million people at a rate of 1-2 million new
As the paper outlines WHO set priorities of intervention based on Results-based Management Framework and their strategic objectives set within the 6-year Medium-term Strategic Plan 2008-2013. WHO has service areas in African region, America, Southeast Asia, European region, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions.
Inevitably, the main perspective of every organization is to increase the shareholder’s equity (Aqib & Javaid, 2010). In a broad nutshell, there are different kinds of organizations, which predominantly
Leadership requires an individual to focus on achieving the objectives of the organisation effectively. It entails encouraging employees to work effectively in order to maximise productivity in the organisation.
The paper gives a 2013 report of WHO on the research for universal health issues touching USA and the world at large.
In the United States, the universal health issue can be defined as the accessibility to quality health