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Gillaspie (2010) convey the depth of the problem by pointing that the delivery of effective pain management has become a pressing national issue in healthcare. Patients had a right to be managed for pain relief (Zalon, 2008). The problem of pain management has thereby been identified by me as my practice problem.
The nursing profession has several theories by which the problems in patient care were managed. Similarly I would be employing a theory to execute effective pain management in my hospital. The theory would be logical for application and concurrent with observations made daily. It would similar to those previously used in successful programs. Past research would have supported this theory (Croyle, 2005). It would contain the highlights of the nursing profession. Foundations for nursing practice would be made. Patient care would be made better, professional growth would be enhanced, interpersonal communications among the nurses would be motivated for improvement, and guidance would evolve for education and research. The multidisciplinary approach to health care would be targeted. Criteria which improved the quality of care would continuously be identified. Middle range theories promoted nursing practice by helping to understand the behavior of the client, suggesting useful interventions and offering credible explanations for the efficacy of the interventions (Peterson & Bedrow, 2008). The practice theory could be built up from the critical reflection of experiences. The purpose of the paper is to identify a middle range theory for my selected practice problem of management of pain and then use a borrowed theory to manage the same symptom of pain.
The more common reason for patients seeking help from nurses was pain. The unpleasant sensation could cause the patient to even lose consciousness. The overwhelming effect could produce long-term adversities (Peterson &
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Nursing is considered by the American Nurses Association (ANA) as the “protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; the prevention of illness and injury; the alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human responses; and the advocacy in health care for individuals, families, communities, and populations” .
However the real situation is that the recommendations have not yet been applied. This paper deals with the practice problem of pain and how I would go about managing it in my health institution using one of two theories. I have selected a middle range theory for application to management of pain and then applied a known theory.
In line with my personal values, the applied theory allows me to deliver my best and perform suitably in cases of crisis management. Keeping closely to the recommendations of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations for patient safety goals, my theory for pain management includes the following plan which allows me to provide relief to the patient.
Theory gives direction to human action especially because humans are continuously engrossed with the search for meaning, thus, theory attempts to provide logical explanations as to why certain things happen or do not happen. Theory ranges from simple vague hypotheses concerning what might result from acting in certain ways in certain situations, and what to expect from others, to complex ideas that express universal understanding of phenomenon such as how organizations work or how people become offenders.
There are many different definitions for the word theory in different fields yet a theory is commonly not considered to be a fact. An opinion or a speculation is typically considered to be a theory. In this usage a theory does not have to be consistent with true descriptions of reality thus allowing for incorrect statements being frequently made.
general, HPM is considered as a multi-dimensional model since it focuses not only on the patients’ individual characteristics and/or experiences but also on the behaviour-specific cognitions and affect and behavioural outcomes. (Current Nursing, 2009)
To enable the readers to
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The patient none compliance involves the continuing with the habit of smoking. This habit results in chest pains. This model is selected for the practice to reflect the congruency that exists between the practitioner’s values and the assumptions