Nobody downloaded yet

Williams Syndrome - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Twenty missing genes can have a devastating effect on the lives of people. This is what is true with people who have Williams Syndrome (WS). A Gloria Lenhoff, for example, can't add 5 plus 4, but would remember more than 1,000 songs. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
Williams Syndrome
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Williams Syndrome"

Download file to see previous pages Williams Syndrome

A Michael Williams can't go out the door without getting lost, yet can play almost anything. The brains of people with Williams syndrome are on average 15 percent smaller than normal. This size reduction almost comes from underdeveloped dorsal regions (Grice, Spratling, Karmiloff-Smith, Halit, Csibra, de Haan & Johnson, 2001). Because of the missing genes, a Williams person is liable to weakness in some functions regarding space and other abstractions. Fortunately, he is also endowed with some abilities like in processing emotion, sound and language wherein he may excel (Dobbs 2007, Bellugi, et al. 2000). As early as at birth, the Williams child comes faced with visible challenges (Science Daily, 2006). A Williams person, therefore, should not be looked upon as necessarily weird or hopeless. In music, for example, he may be able to excel if given the right preparation (, 2008).
Williams syndrome is the deletion of one of the two #7 chromosomes and is missing the gene that makes the protein elastin, a protein which provides strength and elasticity to vessel walls. Named after cardiologist Dr. J.C.P. Williams of New Zealand, and recognized in 1961, it is a rare congenital disorder characterized by physical and development problems. WS persons usually exhibit "elfin-like" facial features, heart and blood vessel problems, irritability during infancy, dental and kidney abnormalities, hyperacusis or sensitive hearing, and musculoskeletal problems (Levitin, Menon, Schmitt, Eliez, White, Glover, Kadis, Korenberg, Bellugi & Reiss, 2003).
Williams syndrome is estimated to occur in 1/7,500 births which causes medical and developmental problems ( It is present at birth, and affects males and females equally. It can occur in all ethnic groups and has been identified in countries throughout the world ( Just like autism, this syndrome is a developmental disorder commonly described as having difficulties in integrating perceptual features, i.e. binding spatially separate elements into a whole. (Grice, et al. 2001).
Common features of WS
There are common features of Williams syndrome and three are most notable: characteristic facial appearance, overly friendly or excessively social personality and developmental delay, learning disabilities and attention deficit (
Characteristic facial appearance. Most young children with Williams syndrome are described as having similar facial features. These features which tend to be recognized by only a trained geneticist or birth defects specialist, include a small upturned nose, long philtrum (upper lip length), wide mouth, full lips, small chin, and puffiness around the eyes. Blue and green-eyed
children with Williams syndrome can have a prominent "starburst" or white lacy pattern on their iris.
Overly friendly or excessively social personality. Individuals with Williams syndrome have a very endearing personality. They have a unique strength in their expressive language skills, and are extremely polite. They are typically unafraid of strangers and show a greater interest in contact with adults than with their peers. This behavior is opposite to that seen in autism (Bellugi, et al. 1999). This is the same observation noted in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Williams Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Williams Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Williams Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Williams Syndrome in Psychology

...?William Syndrome: A Psychological Concept Introduction The presentation of genetic disorders can be varied, yet in some ways, similar in manifestation. One of the most popular conditions that had been well-studied is Down syndrome, with its familiar facial features and endearing personality; this group is widely accepted in most societies. Yet, another similar condition can be compared with Down Syndrome, the Williams Syndrome--also known as William-Beuren Syndrome. Rare in characteristic, this type of syndrome was first recognized in the early 1960’s, where four young samples had been...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Down syndrome

...?Down syndrome According to March Dimes Foundation, the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Genetics have found that Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition which involves a number of birth defects (par 1). Down syndrome is characterized with intellectual inability which might be evident in facial appearance, heart defects as well as other health challenges on people suffering from the defect. Studies provide that the severity of Down syndrome disorders might vary from one individual to another. This article is a summary of the causes of Down syndrome. The pattern of prevalence of Down syndrome Medical studies have classified...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Mental and Physical Effects of Having Williams Syndrome

...? William Syndrome The of the Your The William syndrome is a disease occurring due to the missing of gene in the chromosome 7 of human body. William syndrome is seen in new born babies , but its detection is not easy as all the features of the disease do not appear by birth. Some of the features of William syndromes are delayed speech , development delay in both physical and mental field, feeding problem, mental retardation and typical facial structure. It is mandatory for couple with family history to pay extra attention to the new born baby in look out for the disease symptoms. Unfortunately there is no...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Turner Syndrome

...? Diagnosis of Turner syndrome Turner syndrome is a chromosome abnormality condition d after Henry Turner, endocrinologist , where the females lack or abnormalities in the part or entire sex chromosome, scientifically called monosomy x (Tohem, Tsuang & Goodwin, 2006). A normal human being has 46 chromosomes, two of which are sex chromosomes (Morgan, T. (2007). Boys have x chromosome from their mothers and Y chromosomes from the fathers, while girls have double x chromosomes from both the parents. This condition is rare with an average of 1 to 5000 females; however, this does not call for its underrating. The condition has various symptoms, some of which are physical while the rest are biological (American...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Williams Company

...Finacial Case Analysis Williams Company is engaged in all aspects of the oil and gas industry as well as in the development of emerging energy sources. Today, it plays and important role in transforming a fledgling oil business into today's multifaceted, global, high-tech energy industry, and telecommunications. Williams Company develops energy technologies, natural gas and liquids, crude oil, refined products and electricity. Also, it has been involved in FDI activity in "international energy projects located in South America and Lithuania". Some years ago, having a great potential Williams Company accepted a new business strategy aimed to penetrate into a large Energy Marketing and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Exploring the Williams syndrome face-processing debate: the importance of building developmental trajectories

...A Critical Review of "Exploring the Williams syndrome face-processing debate: the importance of building developmental trajectories" Summary The pastdecade has seen an increasing rise in interest and need for resolving the topic of face processing in Williams syndrome (WS). The early findings about the normally developing face-processing module were questioned by studies proposing that WS patients used a different balance of cognitive processing from controls, even when their behavioural scores were in the normal range. However, some recent studies have proposed that the face processing of WS patients are exactly like normal individuals. In the present paper, an attempt...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay


...The Cocaine Kids” by Williams and “Among the Thugs” by Buford are two brilliant research stories told from within a certain group – teenagers who trade cocaine in the first case and National Front members in the second. Both authors witnessed or experienced the events they tell about. Both authors are investigators who became insiders entering specific social groups and deserving their trust to find out information which is known only to the members of the group. The investigations of both authors allow to see the problem from inside, to see it more clearly and from another perspective. The Cocaine Kids” by Williams describes the life and ‘professional culture’ of teenagers who are involved in cocaine...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Tennessee Williams

...Tennessee Williams Tennessee Williams was an American playwright. He was born as Thomas Lanier William on March 26, 1911, in Columbus, Mississippi. His father, Cornelius Williams, was a traveling salesman and his mother Edwina Dakin Williams, was the daughter of a minister. He was the second of three children. In 1929, he joined the University of Missouri but his education was interrupted when he was forced by his father to leave college. He returned to school in 1937 and in 1938, he graduated from the University of Iowa. He failed to get a job in Chicago and moved to New Orleans where he changed his name from "Tom" to "Tennessee" which happened...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Walter williams

... 26 July Critical Analysis of Walter Willliams’s Argument Passing the Senate Resolution 26 does not mean that the African Americans have to be compensated, and if by any means the compensation has to be made, the money has to be retrieved from the American government. The biggest fallacy in Williams’s argument is that reparations have to be made to the African Americans and the descendants of the slaves since the US Senate has passed the 26th Senate Resolution. It is a resolution about apology. Apologies are made when one party has done harm to another, and feels sorry about it. This does not necessarily mean that the first party has to compensate the second party in any way. If compensations were to be made, then apology becomes... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Williams Syndrome - Genetic Pediatric Illness

...Williams Syndrome - Genetic Pediatric Illness Williams Syndrome is a genetic pediatric illness that was first observed in New Zealand by the reclusive Dr. J.C.P. Williams while working as a Registrar at Auckland's Greenlane Hospital in 1961. According to Physiopedia (2011), Dr. Williams noted that 4 of his patients had; “an association between supra valvular aortic stenosis and the common physical and mental characteristics of this patient population ... it “may constitute a previously unrecognized syndrome”. After some time, A.J. Beuren came across his own set of 11 patients who also had the same symptoms as described...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Williams Syndrome for FREE!

Contact Us