Nursing Homes and Hospitals
Hospital may cater to the same group of patients. However, it is not regarded as a living quarters. In this regard, a patient's stay in the hospital is limited such that, upon doctor's approval, he/she is discharged and permitted to go home.
Moreover, these establishments differ in terms of the intensiveness of the medical services provided. A nursing home provides skilled or custodial care to the elderly, specifically those having mobility and eating problems, or physically/mentally ill, who do not require the acute and rigorous treatment provided by hospitals but is no longer deemed fit to remain at home ("Carescout"). This means that the treatment coverage offered to residents may not be as comprehensive as that provided for in a hospital.
In this regard, a hospital is able to provide a relatively higher level and more intensive form of treatment for patients. In the case of general hospital in the US, this healthcare institution typically has emergency wards enabling it to deliver emergency medical services.
Nursing homes also have common areas, e.g. communal living room, den or kitchen, for all residents. Hospitals usually do not provide these common facilities for patients, albeit they may set up visitors’ lounge or sleeping area for the patients’ families.
In terms of ownership and billing, nursing homes are customarily privately owned enterprises or for-profit organizations. Based on an interview, nursing homes usually charge residents on a weekly