This research paper “Clostridium Difficile Infection Prevention” provides a research on Clostridium difficile, which also known as C. difficile is a bacterium that infects and makes people other animals unwell. Its symptoms are growing more severe and harder to treat…
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Health and social care facilities generate a challenging environment due to the operations undertaken on a daily basis. This environment poses as a perfect medium for transfer of the microorganisms from patient, equipment and staff. It is important to be vigilant at all times in these environments due to the vulnerability; pressure associated with opportunist pathogens and the intensity and complexity of health care environments (Angenent & Kelly, 2009). Patients with mild symptoms of c. diff may improve if they stop taking antibiotics. Those with severe symptoms need different antibiotic medication. When the severity suffered is intense, medics administer further therapy. Clostridium difficile is an infection of the colon by the bacterium. It causes colitis by producing toxins that damage the lining of the colon. The symptoms include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain. It can develop into severe complications, which include dehydration, rupture of the colon, and spread of infections to the abdominal cavity or body. The most common cause of c. difficile colitis occurs in patients, in the hospitals, though a number of cases out of the hospital have increased. The choice of this topic in this research is influenced by the responsibility burden for social care facilities and health organizations as important pillars in curbing down c. difficile infections. As seen above, these environments are exposed to breeding grounds for the pathogens causing c. diff to grow and infect people easily....
Statistics show that hospitalized patients are more prone to the infection; however, it also affects healthy individuals. Every employee working under health departments has a key responsibility to ensure prevention and management of the infections. This responsibility covers entirely all health and social care organizations, regardless of the patient setting or care provider. Introduction of good health practices is geared towards prevention and management of infections related to pathogens that cause c. diff. There are many attributions to infection or diseases, for example, different microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and prions. These microorganisms result in a wide variety of infections (Beltrami, 2010). Such infections include urinary tract, wounds, respiratory, blood, bone and skin infections. To say that not all infections are transmissible will be in order; nonetheless, a majority of them such as influenza, clostridium difficile and norovirus can spread from one person to another hence end up causing transmissible infections (Artel, 2011). Health and social care facilities should be made responsible for enhancing good health practices. Health and social care facilities generate a challenging environment due to the operations undertaken on a daily basis. This environment poses as a perfect medium for transfer of the microorganisms from patient, equipment and staff. It is important to be vigilant at all times in these environments due to the vulnerability; pressure associated with opportunist pathogens and the intensity and complexity of health care environments (Angenent & Kelly, 2009). Patients with mild symptoms of c. diff may improve if they stop taking antibiotics. Those with severe symptoms need different antibiotic medication. When
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diseases 16 Conclusion 17 References 18 Characteristics of the Bacteria Clostridium difficile is a resilient Gram-positive, anaerobic, toxin-producing bacillus that normally inhabits the gut of infants, and it is not as common in adults. In fact, it was first isolated by Hall and O’Toole in 1935 from a healthy neonate.
The unnecessary use and over-prescription of antibiotics have been known to result in the development of resistance. One critical drawback of such practices is C. difficile infection (CDI), which induces diarrhea, colitis, and pseudomembranous colitis (Wilcox 2003).
According to the study central venous catheters normally disrupt skin integrity thereby allowing pathogens to enter, and the infection may spread to the bloodstream (bacteremia) ensuing organ dysfunction and hemodynamic changes. This paper looks into prevention of infection in Inferior Vena Cava (IVC).
An estimate reveals that approximately 9 percent of patients under observation carry an HCAI at any one time and leads to no less than 300,000 HCAIs each year in the UK (Great Britain, 2004). The major reason behind the HCAIs is
They are usually caused by bacteria that are accumulated from the hospital. The infections that appear after 48 hours of admission in the hospital are usually considered to be hospital-acquired. There are three ways of
Clostridium difficile generally afflicts older hospitalized patients treated with antibiotic drugs. It has two forms: an active form that is virulent and infectious, and inactive form, which is called a spore, is not infectious. Spores can change into the active, infectious form inside the host body.
In most circumstances it impacts adults who have been in hospitals or health care facilities for a considerable time period whereas it usually takes place after the use of antibiotics. Every year around half million people get affected by this bacterium
However, the more imminent threat lies in the fact that these two organisms are becoming increasingly difficult to treat with available medication which has left hospitals with prevention as their main cure for reducing hospital acquired infections. Hospital acquired infections can result from a number of factors, however, MRSA and Clostridium difficile have been cited as the major causes in most cases and this has prompted the author to investigate the reasons behind the rise of MRSA and Clostridium difficile as the major causes of hospital acquired infections.
The author explains that entercocci are gram-positive bacteria and all Entercocci have an intrinsic resistance to antibiotics. This resistance has increased since 1988 when it was first seen as a public health risk in Europe. Vancomycin Resistance Entercocci (VRE) was first identified in the United States in 1993.
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