This paper aims to study Clostridium Difficile Infection in order to identify its symptoms, diagnostic tests, treatment, prevention, statistics, transference, preventive measures and the related research.
It is also known as C. difficile which is a bacterium associated with…
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difficile infection, 2013). C. difficile bacteria are present in soil, water, air, processed food including meat, animal and human feces. It gets to the body through feces when people don’t wash their hands or touch anything contaminated. Although intestine has millions of helpful bacteria but use of antibiotics actually destroys some of them which subsequently increases the harmful functionality of C. difficile (Diseases and Conditions: C. difficile infection, 2013).
Here, patients may lose hydration and need to be hospitalized. The colon tends to become inflamed which subsequently form raw tissue patches. These patches are also subject to bleeding and pus release. Additionally it might have following symptoms:
In few circumstances the doctor might examine the interior colon so as to confirm C. difficile infection. Colonoscopy is usually used for this purpose in which a small tube with camera is inserted into the colon to analyze inflamed and affected areas.
When C. difficile infection is identified then antibiotics which incited the infection should be stopped immediately. However, this is not possible in every case hence it is most appropriate to use other antibiotics which do not strengthen the activity of bacterium. Moreover, the antidiarrheal medicines should not be used for treating this infection because these can initiate toxic megacolon. If patients are having severe abdominal pain and fever then Vancomycin is best suitable for them (C. difficile Infection, 2012).
Antibiotics should be used with extensive care (Stopping C. difficile Infections, 2012). Moreover, physicians should remain careful about the symptoms of C. difficile infection so as to take immediate actions.
Community service programs and control recommendations can also help in tackling with the disease and its severe consequences. Adults, patients and medical professionals should be well aware about the disease and its
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diseases 16 Conclusion 17 References 18 Characteristics of the Bacteria Clostridium difficile is a resilient Gram-positive, anaerobic, toxin-producing bacillus that normally inhabits the gut of infants, and it is not as common in adults. In fact, it was first isolated by Hall and O’Toole in 1935 from a healthy neonate.
The unnecessary use and over-prescription of antibiotics have been known to result in the development of resistance. One critical drawback of such practices is C. difficile infection (CDI), which induces diarrhea, colitis, and pseudomembranous colitis (Wilcox 2003).
At this stage, the infected persons experience inflammation and severe swelling of the bowel due to the infected colon. One of the key causal factors of Clostridium difficile infection is antibiotic therapy. The infection normally
The author states that there are many attributions to infection or diseases, for example, different microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and prions. These microorganisms result in a wide variety of infections. Such infections include urinary tract, wounds, respiratory, blood, bone and skin infections.
The author explains that C.difficile exists in the environment and colonizes a small percentage of people without causing any symptoms. C.difficile produces spores that are resistant to destruction by many environmental influences, including a number of chemicals. Spread of C.difficile occurs due to inadequate hand hygiene.
difficile- associated diarrhea (CDAD), a life threatening or fatal disease occurs when an individual is on the course of antibiotics (Bignardi, 1998). Colonization of C. difficile is therefore linked from asymptomatic carrier state to fulminant pseudomembranous
Clostridium difficile generally afflicts older hospitalized patients treated with antibiotic drugs. It has two forms: an active form that is virulent and infectious, and inactive form, which is called a spore, is not infectious. Spores can change into the active, infectious form inside the host body.