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Arterial Hypertension - Essay Example

In addition to helping patients with medication and other treatment nurses can also educate patients about the disease and empower them to improve their health and also contribute towards community health development. Arterial hypertension, generally referred to as high blood pressure (HBP), is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. High blood pressure is characterized by a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140mmHg or higher and a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90mmHg or higher in adults. Arterial hypertension occurs due multiple factors such as overweight or obesity, alcohol, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and high intake of sodium. In some cases they may also occur secondary to the onset of disorders such as those involving the adrenal gland. The presence of uncontrolled blood pressure could pose a risk factor for the development of various diseases that affect major organs within the body including heart, brain, kidney and eyes (Soares, Falheiros, & Santos, 2011). Given the severity of the condition and the extent to which it affects the health of the general public, the role of nurses in the promotion of good health, prevention and interventions in patients with arterial hypertension is considered to be crucial. ...
In case of patients with arterial hypertension nurses are involved right from detecting the illness, to the treatment afforded, monitoring and helping patients achieve disease control by educating them in various health promotion and prevention methods.

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Nursing assessments involve blood pressure measurement, collection of patient demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education and family history, presence of any associated diseases, monitoring recent lab results, assess level of physical activity, patient lifestyle such as diet, smoking and alcohol consumption, stress and other factors that could contribute to arterial hypertension. All these factors are considered for devising a suitable treatment regimen and nurses have to ensure that the patients adhere to the medication and take them in the correct dosage. They will also have to keep track of nursing outcomes by monitoring whether the target blood pressure is achieved and maintained, increased physical activity and intake of fruits and vegetables, decreased salt intake, reduced alcohol consumption and maintenance of body weight (Hong, 2010). In the context of health promotion and interventions, nurses can educate the patients on the importance of regular blood pressure monitoring and measure the pressure during doctor visits. They should also encourage the patients to self-check their blood pressure and record the same which will be reviewed during their doctor visits. In cases when the blood pressure of the patient is not maintained the various nursing intervention strategies come into play. Nurses will then have to focus on identifying problems including financial, cultural, educational, language and health beliefs of the patient
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Nursing Care in patients with Arterial Hypertension Your name Institute Abstract Arterial hypertension has a wider occurrence rate worldwide and a potential risk factor for the development of a variety of co-morbidities. In order to control the occurrence of the disease adequate control and preventive measures need to be employed…
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