We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Clinical - Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Hyperosomar Hyperglycaemia Syndrome (Name) (Institution) Introduction Hyperosomar Hyperglycaemia Syndrome is a condition in which a patient’s blood-glucose level is very high, but ketones are not present in the patient’s urine or blood (The Healthy Living Magazine, 2013)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Polish This Essay91.1% of users find it useful
Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Clinical - Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome"

Download file to see previous pages She was accompanied by her daughter. Mrs. L had a three-day history of confusion, lethargy and drowsiness. She complained of thirst for the last one week, drinking more than eight pints of water a day. Upon registration at the ambulance registration desk of the Emergency Department by administrators, Mrs. L was placed in a separate room, within the department for exceptional care. She was intubated and ventilated because of hypoxemia and poor conscious level, after which her fracture was attended to. Examination showed that the patient had a heart rate of 130, body temperature of 38.2 degrees Celsius, blood pressure of 150/80 and fair chest excursion, with loose wheezes, and serum pH of 7.5. Mrs. L was also dehydrated, as evidenced by her dry mucous membranes. Mrs. L’s spO2 reading was 80%. A blood sample was taken for checking. After the Doctor’s check ups, Mrs. L’s blood glucose was diagnosed with excess of 56. 5mmol. Therefore, her blood glucose was elevated. Tests involving Mrs. L’s urine were positive for glucose; however, she took long to pass urine. She was transferred to the resuscitation room to receive specialised care because she was categorised as having life-threatening conditions and injuries. After investigation from her close family member, the accompanying daughter, it was revealed that Mrs. L had fallen while she at the bathroom. That is why she had a fracture femur. Her family history was also significant for diabetes and hypertension. Clinical Manifestations Dehydration Dehydration is the insufficiency in the amount of water in the human body. It is prudent to identify and treat dehydration early enough to prevent further complications (Konrad, Corrigan, Hamilton, Steiger, & Kirby, 2013). This is because mild dehydration is known to cause tension and fatigue (Ganio & Armstrong, 2011). It can also cause lack of focus, according to (Szalavitz), 2012. It was established from clinical tests that Mrs. L had dry lips and was dizzy, as well as, confused. Mrs. L also had dry mucous membranes. This was enough evidence that the patient was dehydrated. Most of the patients who are dehydrated are normally confused, dizzy, with dry lips and mucous membranes (Campbell, 2011) and (Heit, 2013). It was found out that the patient had complained of thirst for the previous one week, drinking more than eight pints of water a day, from the history of Mrs. L, provided by her daughter. It is healthy to drink lots of water but excessive thirst, and the frequent urge to drink too much water, exhibited by Mrs. L was a sign of dehydration. Finally, the fact that it took long for the patient to pass urine that was required for urine tests was a sign of dehydration. Hyperosomar Hyperglycaemia Syndrome is characterised by hyperglycaemia, extreme dehydration and hyperosmolar plasma (Balasubramaniyam, Palanis, & Rajamani, 2011). Hyperosomar Hyperglycaemia Syndrome is characterised by severe hyperglycaemia. This is a marked increase in serum osmolality and clinical evidence of dehydration, without the accumulation of acetoacetic ketoacids (Venkatraman & Singhi, 2006). Hyperglycaemia results from either an absolute or relative insulin deficiency. It ca also be a result of decreased tissue responsiveness to insulin, which is an increased insulin resistance. This results into gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, leading into a reduced rate of glucose uptake and utilization by peripheral tissues. A rise in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome Study”, n.d.)
Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome Study. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1488044-clinical-case-study-hyperosmolar-hyperglycaemic
(Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome Study)
Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome Study. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1488044-clinical-case-study-hyperosmolar-hyperglycaemic.
“Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome Study”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1488044-clinical-case-study-hyperosmolar-hyperglycaemic.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Clinical Case Formulation
The patient started hearing voices since 3 years prior to consult (PTC), and receiving signals 1 year PTC, with it stopping only when he would bite his lip really hard or pull his hair. He also claims the voices can be drowned out by outside interferences such as wind-blowing.
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study
Unstable angina and Hyperosmolar hypoglycaemic nontetotic
Hyperglycemia is defined as a condition in whereby there is an excessive circulation of glucose in the blood. This refers to a glucose level that is above 11.1mmol/l or 200 mg/dl. Hyperglycemia is the main characteristic of diabetes mellitus, and it occurs due to reduced levels of insulin.
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
CLINICAL CASE STUDY- Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology
History of Present Illness The patient, a lady aged 20 years, who according to her report had been well until 24 hours ago when she suffered an acute case of productive cough. She kept fit and has had good health prior to the cough, given her regular work outs at the gym.
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
Down syndrome Case Study
These life in South Africa opportunities present individuals with many more challenging life in South Africa events than experienced by those of previous decades. Their Jives are likely to become more emotionally disconcerting as parents grow older and perhaps die, siblings move out of home and form new families, and they themselves leave regular places of community contact such as schools and workshops.
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
Clinical Biochemistry Case Study

The author states that the symptoms caused by heart disease result most commonly from myocardial ischemia, from disturbance of the contraction and/or relaxation of the myocardium, or from obstruction to blood flow. Ischemia is manifest most frequently as chest discomfort, while reduction of the pumping ability commonly leads to hypotension.

6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
Medical Paper / Case study on a Patient with Metabolic Syndrome
Considering the case of A.K. who is a 64 year-old Japanese patient, this study will explain the patient’s laboratory test results in relation to etiology and pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome. Obesity could lead to the development of
30 Pages(7500 words)Case Study
Clinical Chemistry Case Study , Liver
The disease is not usually fatal but can be particularly risky to older people. Africa is characterized as a high prevalent region for the disease (Mushahwar, 2004). Malaria is ruled out because the patient was taking Amodiaquine and Chronic liver disease is also ruled out
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Clinical study report for plavix
Clopidogrel belongs to a class of drugs referred to as anti-platelets. This drug is used to prevent heart attacks, stroke and other circulatory disorders in individuals who have had
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study
Clinical case formulation
Roger formulated the theory with disturbed children, and proceeded to expand his conceptual perspective to incorporate work with families, spouses, and groups. According to him, it is
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study
Deletion syndrome: case study

The author of the paper states that the mechanism causing all the associated features of the syndrome is not known. The syndrome may involve migration defects of neural-crest derived tissues, and in particular the development of third and fourth branchial pouches is hindered. The thymus gland is also affected.

10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Case Study on topic Clinical Case Study- Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us