Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Euthanasia can be broadly defined as inducing death artificially with clear intention to end the life of a person who is terminally ill and there is little hope of recovery (Stones & Winslade, 1995). In recent times, euthanasia has become the major controversial issue as it is still not a legal option in the majority of the countries across the globe…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die"

Euthanasia can be broadly defined as inducing death artificially with clear intention to end the life of a person who is terminally ill and there islittle hope of recovery (Stones & Winslade, 1995). In recent times, euthanasia has become the major controversial issue as it is still not a legal option in the majority of the countries across the globe. The idea of euthanasia is also not chosen by people because it is considered morally and ethically wrong by different religions. But euthanasia needs to be a personal choice of the individuals or the family members of someone who is in constant pain and has little hope of leading a life of quality. Indeed, the wider implications of euthanasia are crucial issues for the patient as well as for the family of the sick person. It is important that people are empowered with knowledge about the euthanasia and treatment so that the right decisions can be made with regard to ending the life of the terminally sick person. Euthanasia can be broadly classified into two categories: active euthanasia and passive euthanasia. Active euthanasia refers to the process when drug is administered to the patient to die peacefully and in sleep without experiencing pain. Passive euthanasia, on the other hand, is the process when life support systems are removed and patient is left to die in natural conditions. While the two types of euthanasia achieve the same end objective of death of the intended person, passive euthanasia tends to prolong the pain of the individual whereas active euthanasia ensures that the person dies instantly and without experiencing long pain. The major ethical and moral issue against euthanasia is to preserve sanctity of life as life is a gift of God (Kuupelomaki, 2000). Catholics believe that life belongs to God and nobody has the right to take it or extinguish it at one’s will. Hence, even though active euthanasia is a merciful act that is designed to eliminate pain of a terminally ill person, it is intentional killing and not accepted by Christianity at large. Non- maleficence is also important issue that can be misused here for vested interests. Euthanasia can also be considered a suicide which is assisted by the physicians; therefore, it should not be encouraged as it is morally, ethically and legally not a right action. The Netherlands and Switzerland are some of the countries where euthanasia is legal. But in most of the countries across the globe and in the majority of states in America, euthanasia has not been legalized. Some states like Oregon, Washington, Vermont and Montana have made physicians assisted suicide legal, making death with dignity, a key factor in the legal process (Procon, 2013). In my state, euthanasia is not legal and right to die is still a very controversial issue within and outside the religious, cultural and legal conventions. I strongly support euthanasia for many reasons, the main fact being that it enables a terminally ill person to exercise his/her autonomy to decide on the end of life by using euthanasia to hasten his/her death. Euthanasia is ethically and morally correct because Act Utilitarian of Bentham clearly states that actions which maximize happiness are ethically good and therefore, one should “always pick the one (action) that will maximize happiness and minimize unhappiness for the greatest number of people” (Rosenstand, 2002, p. 176). When euthanasia is administered on a terminally sick person, the patient is relieved of his/her pain and dies happily and without experiencing pain. Moreover, the patient’s relatives and loved ones are also spared from the prolong agony of seeing their loved one in extreme pain and leading a worthless life. Indeed, it is inhumane to artificially extend the life of individuals when one knows that it would just prolong the life and not the quality of life. Euthanasia therefore becomes the right choice for persons who are constantly in pain and are waiting for death to happen. The early death through active euthanasia not only gives relief to the patient from his/her mental and physical agony but relieves the carer and relatives from the uncertainty of the death which they are constantly witnessing. Apart from the adverse psychological impact of witnessing the pain of one’s dear ones, huge amount of money that is spent on artificial aids is also saved and can be utilized for fulfilling the last wishes of the patient. Hence, I strongly advocate the physician assisted suicide for ending the life of a person whose death is imminent and when medicine fails to reduce his/her suffering. (words:758) Reference Kuupelomaki, M. (2000). Attitudes of cancer patients, their family members and health professionals toward active euthanasia. European Journal of Cancer Care, 9(1), 16-21. Procon. (2013). Euthanasia. Retrieved from: Rosenstand, N. (2002). The moral of the story with free ethics powerweb. New York, NY: McGraw Hill. Stone, T. H., & Winslade, W. J. (1995). Physician assisted suicide and euthanasia in the United States. Journal of Legal Medicine, 16, 481-507. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die Essay)
“Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
noble10 added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
This document saved me today. I liked the style. It was very useful for my nursing course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die

Right to Die

...14 June Right to Die Concept Medical technology has advanced tremendously, enabling medical professionals to prolong life using life sustaining treatments for greater lengths of time (Capone 764). It is now possible to keep a person alive by the use of life support machines with certain death if the machines are removed. At this state, many people are choosing death and would not want their bodies undignified by the use of these machines. Some people are against the legalization of choice to die even if medical technology can prolong life. The opponents of the right to die include...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

The Right to Die: Euthanasia

Olson, for example, details the circumstance of a particular woman who was not competent to argue for herself and, through many cases of abuse w...ithin the system concentrated on monetary concerns instead of humanitarian ones, was a casualty of the Oregon euthanasia laws. O’Brien shows how a thriving writer might have unintentionally cut short an exceptional career had euthanasia been a choice at the time he first endured a paralyzing accident. Opponents to state-sanctioned euthanasia claim that the practice would be in violation of the Hippocratic Oath and that it also would result in a devaluation of human life. Life is held as sacred in America more so than in some other countries consequently the decisions other culture...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Ethical issues on end of life care

...? The article, ‘Letting Go’ by Atul Gawande is highly pertinent and gives one huge insight into the maladies of modern healthcare system, especially in the cases of terminally ill patients. In the recent times, the ethical issues on end of life care have increasingly become much more important than being major concern for increasing Medicare bills or the inability of medicines to provide the palliative care that patients deserve in their last days of lives. The author has cited the case of Sara Monopoli, who was pregnant and at the last stages of pregnancy was diagnosed with metastatic cancer that is incurable. The exhaustive treatment that she underwent was testament to the deteriorating...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper


...The Right to Die There are various reasons and arguments with regards to the way individuals ought to conduct their lives. The one particular issue which is of significant concern is the perception which people have with regards to death. One of the most disputable issues is of the essence in this case; it lies within the question of what to do with the right to die. This is the way in which people see their lives being terminated. In this case, one of the ideas implies the ownership of people as to their lives even when death comes into perspective in this case (Smith, n.p.). Some of the ways through which this can be achieved is by...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Euthanasia and end of life issues

...?Euthanasia and end of life issues One of the most common dilemmas involves conflict in moral values because morality is deeply rooted in personal conviction and a breach is critical, not only to consequences from the society such as rebuke and isolation, but also to an individual’s emotional stability. Euthanasia, the practice of ending life, is one of the issues that involve ethical dilemmas. This paper explores ethical theories to euthanasia and end of life. Ethics defines a society’s morality in terms of what is approved to be good and what is approved to be bad. Acts, either of omission or of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Euthanasia/Right to Die

...? Legal and Ethical Issues Concerning Euthanasia Introduction According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Euthanasia, also known as mercy killing, is the act of inducing a gentle and easy death to patients suffering from terminal diseases that cause endless pain and are not manageable. Euthanasia is probably one of the most controversial issues in the world today due to the legal and ethical considerations that surround it; many people and groups have taken divisive stands concerning this matter and universal consensus regarding the execution of this policy is yet to be achieved. The ethical issues surrounding this debate are basic moral considerations, that sanctioning euthanasia is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

MAKING THE RIGHT CHOICES: AT THE END OF LIFE and facilities. Making the right decisions about the end of life is an essential part of end of life care which has a momentous effect in the dying process and the last days of the patient to be of peaceful nature. Moreover, death is often preceded by decisions of end of life regarding medical aspects that possibly to a certain degree of life-shortening effect (Raijmakers, et al. 2010). Through the various researches made in the recent past the following are the main categories of end of life decisions made include: 1) Euthanasia; the process whereby a patient...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Right to Die - Financial Objections

...and less likely. My religious friends tell me to hope for a miracle. And I do. Dear God, I do. I pray. But I also know that God helps those who help themselves, and that God doesnt just save people on command. And I know that my mother is in a lot of pain. I know that thats all thats left of her: Just the hurting. Her eyes are closed, but its not just that. Her face seems dead. She just has the same look all the time, like she was when she first collapsed. Its sort of a smile, but I think its a grimace. But it never responds, never changes. Its like looking at a corpse thats just barely breathing. Then the money problems make it so much harder. I wouldnt want my Mom to die because its hard to pay for her, but it just...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

End of Life Decisions: Making the right choice for you die in a way which is less traumatic (Smith, 2013). Medical experimentation during end life is done when the patient is in critical condition and should therefore be conducted carefully and effectively. During end life, some medical examination can be very stressful and undesirable to patients and so some medical intervention at this stage is not necessary and unacceptable especially for patients with terminal illness. Medical experimentation during end life may be done when the patient is unconscious and unable to refuse or accept this kind of medical intervention and this is against their right to...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Right to die

...Right to Die Rachel’s Use of Golden Rule in Deciding Euthanasia Issue Rachel’s use of golden rule entails discussions on the morality of Euthanasia. Rachel argues that the golden rule suggests that do unto others, as you would have them do unto you. The golden rule is among the oldest and most familiar moral maxims in discussing the concept of Euthanasia. However, Rachel’s argues the golden rule is not a perfect maxim considering that sexual perverts associated with fantasies of rape and treating others, as they would love to be treated compromise the golden rule. The results connected with the golden rule might not be fully satisfactory, but the idea behind the golden rule is a good one...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Psychology End of Life Issues The Right to Die for FREE!

Contact Us