Medical mangement of chronic renal failure - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Medical Management of Chronic Renal Failure Lawrence Abah Northern Illinois University Date Introduction Renal failure is also referred to kidney disease or kidney failure. Kidneys in the human body play the role of keeping the body clean and balance all its chemicals…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
Medical mangement of chronic renal failure
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Medical mangement of chronic renal failure"

Download file to see previous pages After the body absorbs what is needed from food for self-repairs and energy, the remainder is waste that is sent to the blood. However, these functions of the kidney are hindered by attacks on nephrons resulting in the loss of their filtering ability. High blood pressure and diabetes are responsible for renal failure, thereby resulting in slow and silent destruction of the nephrons. Kidney failure can be chronic, acute or end stage. In this paper, the discussion focuses on the medical management of chronic renal failure. This discussion defines chronic renal failure, medical tests to detect kidney failure, and management of chronic renal failure. Detection of kidney disease People may exhibit signs and symptoms of chronic renal failure. However, some have no symptoms and the doctor detects kidney condition through regular urine and blood tests. The three key simple tests recommended by the National Kidney Foundation are blood pressure measurement, spot check for albumin or protein in urine, and Glomerular filtration rate or GFR based on serum creatinine measurement (Alters, 2000). Blood pressure measurement involves the use of a dedicated cuff to obtain systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Microalbuminuria condition results from the failure of kidneys to separate albumin from blood protein. Proteinuria is the resultant condition of increased blood protein and albumin. Dipstick color indicates the presence or absence of proteinuria. Kidney biopsy and kidney imaging are also viable ways of detecting kidney failure (SIGN, 2008). Management of Chronic Kidney disease or CKD CKD is kidney failure that occurs over a lengthy duration. This duration could be months or years. However, the major causes of renal failure are diabetes and high blood pressure that are poorly managed and chronic glomerulonephritis. Other causes of CKD that are less pronounced include kidney stones, reflux nephropathy, prostrate disease and polycystic kidney disease. The most unfortunate thing is that there is no cure for CKD. However, in its early stages kidney failure can be managed allowing the patients to live longer. This requires the observation of several steps that must ensure that heart attacks and stroke risks are minimized since such patients are vulnerable. According to Schoolwerth, McClellan and Gehr (2006), Chronic Kidney disease treatment is intended at preventing or slowing additional damage to patient’s kidneys. Proper treatment requires that underlying conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure that cause kidney disease be identified and managed. The management of such diseases prevents situations that cause kidney damage or worsen it (SIGN, 2008). For most patients, classification falls within mild and moderate categories and hospital-based management is not necessary. For most of the patients in these categories, the most significant aspect is controlling the cardiovascular influence on patient’s renal disease. This management is more significant than the risk of developing end stage renal failure. Daugirdas (2011) reveals that this classification guidance is directed according to severity of the damage. The stages of chronic kidney disease are grouped in five categories. The first stage is slight kidney damage characterized by normal or increased filtration and GFR more than 90. The second stage is mild kidney function characterized by 60 to 89 GFR. Stage three ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Medical mangement of chronic renal failure Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1463766-medical-mangement-of-chronic-renal-failure
(Medical Mangement of Chronic Renal Failure Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1463766-medical-mangement-of-chronic-renal-failure.
“Medical Mangement of Chronic Renal Failure Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1463766-medical-mangement-of-chronic-renal-failure.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Medical mangement of chronic renal failure

Chronic Renal Failure

...?Chronic Renal Failure Introduction The kidneys are considered as important parts of the body, playing roles essential to living. However, certain factors could lead to the damage of these organs, for instance chronic renal failure (CRF). Chronic renal failure, which is a gradual, irreversible deterioration of kidney function, progress in several years and usually asymptomatic and is detected only in the later course of the disease (Rolfes, Pinna, & Whitney, 2009, p. 880). Once kidney function has declined for a long period of time, the entire body is affected, resulting to systemic manifestations of CRF. Among several systemic manifestations is anemia, which could complicate the status of a client with renal disease. Pathogenesis... Anemia...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Dosing of cephalosporines in renal failure pateints

... of previous drug allergy or toxicity Exclusion criterion 1. Patients with normal renal function. 2. Patients on Ceftriaxone as it is primarily excreted by biliary excretion hence requires no dosage adjustment in renal insufficiency. 3. Patients with chronic liver disease. Reference McPhee, S. J., Papadakis, M. A. (2007). Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment. Publication Mc Graw Hill.... ?"Dosing of Cephalosporin in Renal Failure Patients" Background Kidneys are the imperative organs of the body, kidney diseases influence all the other organs as they regulate the fluid level of the body. Any kind of physiological alterations related with renal disease displays prominent outcomes on...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Proposal

Metabolic and physiological adaptations to renal failure

...kidney and in patients with chronic kidney disease. Clinical Nutrition 29: 424-433. 2010. Guyton A. C. and Hall, J .E. Textbook of Medical Physiology 11th ed. Elsevier: Philadelphia/ 2006. p. 310 Masaomi, N. Chronic hypoxia and tubulointerstitial injury: a final common pathway to end stage renal failure. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 17: 17-25. 2006. O’Connor, P. M. Renal oxygen delivery: matching delivery to metabolic demand. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 33: 961-967. 2006 Rajan, V. R. and Mitch, W. E. Muscle wasting in chronic kidney disease: the role of the ubiquitin proteasome...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Nephrotic Syndrome/Renal Failure

...syndrome should be subjected to too much work and should be given time to rest. Another consideration is taking food with low salt content. Little salt should be used for the patient’s food to improve his appetite. Care planning for nephrotic syndrome disorder A care plan is a future tool for checking the recurrence of the disorder and the correct medication to control the disorder. Physical examinations should be performed to establish any presence of signs of the disorder. The medical history of any patient should be established especially if it related to weight gain or dysfunction of the renal system. The symptoms of the disorder like swellings and difficult in breathing should also...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Acute Renal Failure

...is going to examine the Gordon’s Functional health patterns as well as Myra Levine’s Model is relation to how acute renal failure affects the patient. A specific diet and treatment for renal failure will depend on the patient’s age, the severity and other medical conditions. Nutrition’s affect on renal failure has been studied extensively and published on scientific reports. For example, Dr. T. A’s “Primer on Kidney Disease” recommends a 0.8 to 1 g protein of body weight per kilogram each day of protein in chronic kidney disease. During dialysis, this can increases from 1.2 to 1.3 g/kg each day. Gordon’s...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

RENAL

... of basic nursing. London: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Sander, N., 2010. Dialysis - Principle, Advantages and Disadvantages. Berlin: GRIN Verlag. Schlaich, M., Socratous, F., Hennebry, S., and Eikelis, N., 2009. Sympathetic activation in chronic renal failure. JASN, 20(5), pp. 933-939 UNC Kidney Center (n.d). Glomerular disease [online]. Available at: http://www.unckidneycenter.org/kidneyhealthlibrary/glomerulardisease.html [Accessed 31 December 2012]. White, L., 2005. Foundations of nursing. London: Cengage Learning.... The renal system represents the body’s plumbing system as it eliminates wastes and helps secure homeostasis. Its primary functioning parts include the nephrons which help manage the filtration system of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Renal Failure

...Lived Experiences LIVED EXPERIENCES AND COPING STRATEGIES OF PATIENTS WITH RENAL FAILURE Introduction The road ahead of people experiencing serious illness is not straight nor smooth. At times, they may feel like simply quitting. On the other hand, restoring health is like a "moving forward process", in which the patients as well as their family may need to go through an emotional period. These experiences are often noted observed by people who suffered from some chronic illnesses such as diabetes, various type of cancer, arthritis and renal failure. An individual's diet, lifestyle and habits may contribute to acquiring various diseases. Countless...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Acute renal failure

...Running head: ACUTE RENAL FAILURE Acute Renal Failure Affiliation Table of Contents Oliguria 3 Signs and Symptoms 3 Diagnostic Tests 4 To ascertain the presence of acute renal failure in patients, the following diagnostic tests are required: Blood tests that include "CBC, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, electrolytes (including Ca and PO4); Urine tests include Na and creatinine concentration and microscopic analysis of sediment; acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and anemia." (Merck Manuals, 2005) The physician may also order an ultrasound scan to determine the degree of obstruction or damage to the kidneys. ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Renal Failure in Cirrhosis

...Renal Failure in Cirrhosis The article chosen for review is “Renal Failure in Cirrhosis”. It is authored by Gines Pere and Schrier Robert and published in the New England Medicine Journal (Gines & Schrier 1279). The article talks about renal failure attributed to liver cirrhosis. The article explores the pathophysiology of renal failure and evaluation of patients with renal failure in cirrhosis. Further, the article elaborates on the possible differential diagnosis of this condition, before delving into the management of kidney failure in cirrhosis. On...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review

Chronic Renal Failure and Dialysis

...Chronic Renal Failure Chronic Renal Failure and Dialysis Dialysis is carried out as critical life support in patients suffering from kidney failure. It is a mechanical way of cleansing the blood as well as chemicals and balance body fluids when the kidneys are not in a position to carry out important functions (Himmelfarb & Sayegh, 2010). An access to the vascular system is required to carry out the blood-cleansing function of the kidneys through dialysis. A graft is usually the access of choice when a patient needing dialysis has small veins. Several health care providers are needed in the care of a patient undergoing insertion of a dialysis graft (Daugirdas, 2011). A surgeon is needed to create the access using a synthetic tube... that is...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Medical mangement of chronic renal failure for FREE!

Contact Us