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Concept Analysis: Pain - Research Paper Example

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Running head: CONCEPT ANALYSIS Concept Analysis: Pain (name) (school) Concept analysis: Pain Introduction Selection of concept Pain is a common patient complaint and a common nursing diagnosis. Most patients suffer from pain at one point or another during their hospital stay…
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Download file to see previous pages 21). Pain is therefore one of the major issues in health care delivery. Various researchers have sought to understand the experience of pain, including the pain experience and its outcomes. Studies indicate that it may not always be possible to manage pain with the most advanced medical technologies or medical therapies (Kotzer, 2000, p. 83). In a study by Beyer (2000, p. 63), the author discovered that 71% of children with sickle cell disease experienced moderate to severe pain and even with advancements in the management of pain in sickle cell disease, these symptoms cannot be relieved. Hester and Foster (1993, p. 5) discuss that the limited knowledge which health care has on pain management seems to be one of the reasons why the gap in pain relief management exists. Previous studies have attempted to establish a concept analysis of pain using Walker and Avant’s method, and these studies indicate that pain is a subjective and personal, often stressful experience (Mahon, 1994, p. 14). Other elements which relate to pain were however, not described, including the definition of pain, its function, pain responses, and impact of pain. Failing to understand these elements of the pain experience can lead to an unclear conceptualization of pain. ...
It shall include eight steps: selection of concept, determination of its aims and purposes, identification of all the uses of the concept, determination of its defining attributes, construction of a model case, construction of borderline, related, contrary, invented, and illegitimate cases, identifying antecedents and consequences, and defining empirical referents (Walker and Avant, 1995, p. 3). Identifying uses of the concept Dictionary definitions According to the Oxford English Dictionary, pain is generally defined: as the sensation felt when one is hurt in body or mind; the opposite of pleasure; mental suffering; grief; sorrow; bodily suffering. O’Toole’s Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine described pain as the feeling of being distressed or being in agony due to stimulated nerve endings which receive pain stimuli (1997, p. 1181). These definitions provide more technical descriptions of pain. Philosophical perspectives On a philosophical angle, Plato described the concepts of pain and pleasure; he believes that pain comes not just from peripheral and physical triggers but also from emotional experiences (Bonica, 1990, p. 3). Pleasure often comes after pain is relieved and both stimuli – pain and pleasure – impact on the body. Aristotle also had similar thoughts on pain as he declared pain to be an emotion, and an unpleasantness (Bonica, 1990, p. 4). Descartes described how the mind and soul as well pain are very much related to each other. In general, the philosophical understanding of pain is that it is unpleasant and it has a psychological and emotional impact on the mind and the body (Rey, 1993, p. 93). Theoretical perspectives There are four major ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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