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Pain is the most recurrent diagnosis used in nursing as well as the most common problem through which patients seek help in a clinical setting. Unrelieved pain has an effect on the quality of life of an individual. It affects a person both physically and emotionally, impacts his family as well as the individual and the entire society (Ferrel, 1995). Pain is therefore a vital problem in the health care system.
Pain is discussed by four major theories namely; specificity theory, gate control theory, pattern theory and psychological/ behavioral theory. The Gate Control Theory (GCT) is the most commonly used theory in the professional field. The insight of involves three interactive cerebral processes; motivational-effective, sensory discriminative and cognitive-evaluation (Melzack and Wall, 1965). Sensory-discriminative dimension speaks of the nerve transmission to the brain from the periphery through the spinal cord. This neospinothalamic projection system that is found in the brain serves to develop information that is sensory discriminative about duration, location and intensity to the stimulus. The limbic system and the formation of the brain brainstem reticular, which provoke the aversive and motivational drive are referred to as the motivational-affective dimension. Cognitive activities are referred to in the cognitive-evaluation dimension. These cognitive activities include attention, anxiety and cultural values. The cognitive-evaluation dimension places its basis on the analysis of multi-modal information, response strategies and past experience. This dimension also has effects on the other dimensions. According to Melzack and Wall, pain is a continuing process and not a sole sensation and response procedure. Pain includes a series of responses by a system of actions that start with reflex responses and continues with
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It is often seen to embody concept development and concept clarification. The notion is represented by various approaches which differ primarily in their procedure and rationale. For instances these can be due to different perceptions of an object in literature or the different vantage points it is seen from (Powers & Knapp, 1995).
The long period of relevant studies of IFC in musculoskeletal pain management gave rise to introduction of samples obtained from the extensive computerized search of the records of bibliographic concept associated with terminologies like ‘interferential’, ‘interferential therapy’, ‘interferential current’.
In most cases, pain is the primary reason often driving patients to seek medical care (Mobily, Herr, and Kelley, 1993, p. 537). Pain causes discomfort, stress, and anxiety to patients and unrelieved pain can sometimes prove devastating to patients, often compromising the quality of their lives and preventing them from carrying out their daily activities (Ferrel, 1995, p.
Consequently, self care is a broader concept that covers hygiene, nutrition, and physical exercise and life style changes without the assistance of health care professionals. The individuals undertaking self care should however be well informed by the technical skills and knowledge derived from professional medical experience.
Hypothetico-deductive reasoning dominated as an approach to clinical problem solving until the pattern recognition was introduced with observations that are of higher efficiency and accuracy. This paper aims at carrying out a detailed analysis of the concept of Pattern Recognition from Margaret Newman’s theory of health as Expanding Consciousness using the Avant and Walker model of analysis.
The paper thus seeks to analyze this disturbance and in so doing evaluate its causes and the different forms it takes. The disturbance referred to in the paper is a concept that is integral in the practice of nursing especially so when it is evident that it is the very concept that keeps patients seeking medical services.
The discharge process begins once one is admitted and continues throughout his/her stay in the hospital. Upon discharge, the patient or their surrogate is issued with written instructions by the respective medical practitioner. In addition, the practitioner explains in details the contents of the discharge instructions.
However, the biggest restorative function is probably one that is never in the limelight. This is the task of ensuring that individual’s health is looked after beyond the apparent return to normalcy. It would be human nature for those charged with the responsibility of looking after the victims to feel alienated as their plight is never addressed.
About 15% of the population in the USA suffers from the panic attacks caused by the anxiety. (Barlow, 2002, pp. 1-2; Bourne, 2005, p. 1)
The purpose of the paper is to explore this concept of ‘anxiety’ from various angles with
arge instructions is to inform patients what they are diagnosed with, how to manage their diagnosis at home, including making alterations in diet and what is to be expected, etc. The nurse is also required to let patients know and understand what symptoms should make them come
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
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