Nursing Problems and Interventions: Diabetes Name: Course: Tutor: Institution: City & State: Date: Nursing Problems and Interventions: Diabetes Diabetes is typically a chronic disease, which is presented by lack of enough insulin in the body. This may be as a result of the destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas…
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Too much glucose is however detrimental to the body. These levels of glucose are generally controlled by the insulin, characteristically produced by the beta cells. With this illness, a person has insufficient insulin. However, the person may not be in a better position to use the insulin that is produced. Type two insulin is the most common type, with an average of ninety percent of individuals globally (Brown 2009). Mostly, it affects the islet cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. It is also known to affect all body cells that require insulin to convert food into the necessary chemicals in the body. It affects both sexes and mostly adults. Most people may not be aware that they have diabetes, because the signs and symptoms may not be available (Dickenson 2004). However, the signs and symptoms that normally act include fatigue and thirst beyond the normal; general feeling of being ill; higher increase in appetite; a decrease in the healing of cuts and bruises; one’s vision becomes blurred; erectile dysfunction; and increased risk of other infections. Mostly, the pancreas secretes enough insulin, but for reasons yet to be known, the body develops resistance for insulin. This leads to glucose build up after several years due to insulin production decrease. Mostly, those in risk include those with a family history of diabetes. However, it increases with gestation, overweight, particularly fat in the abdomen, increased blood pressure, increased cholesterol in the blood, or increased levels of triglycerides. Studies have revealed that if one is not actively involved in a physical activity in one way or another, there is a higher risk of diabetes. If one is an African American, Native American, Pacific Islander or Asian America, one is at an increased risk of diabetes than other origins. To prevent this illness, numerous researches have particularly been carried out, to determine the appropriate interventions to be applied. However, patients have been advised to control their weight by exercising regularly. This is one nursing intervention that has been found to perform adequately well in most cases. These nurses also advise patients to feed on a healthy diet. This is because researches have shown that most of these cases results from unhealthy diets by these individuals (Dunning 2009). In addition, nurses continually urge these individuals to receive treatment that involves controlling the force of their blood and to minimize or check their high cholesterol levels. This is because, this high level of cholesterol might be the leading cause of their insulin failure to perform even at the sufficient production by the pancreas. Health care provides usually conduct a physical examination and raise several questions about the symptoms. Medical tests conducted include blood glucose and urine studies, and samples of the patient’s blood and urine being taken to the laboratory for testing. A glucose tolerance test may also be carried out. In most cases, a hemoglobin A1C may be done as a consequent follow up. This test has been found to measure glucose levels of up to two to three months. This type two is usually treated with complete lifestyle change, where a person is required to fully change the initial lifestyle. However, drug therapy is also conducted in conjunction with the lifestyle change (Eckman 2011). If the patient does not seek medical attention early, there are
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The disease affects children from the age of seven and onwards. It could persist to adulthood if not treated and brings with it chronic diseases such as heart problems and high blood pressures (Vandemark, 2007). Epidemiology of diabetes in pediatrics involves studying the distributions, patterns of health related events, their characteristics along with their influence on children in question.
This is because one of the risks of acquiring this disease is that it may lead to the development of heart disease as well as disease of the blood vessel. Furthermore, there is also the risk of the development of high blood pressure among those who have diabetes.
The emergency and hospital admissions demand increase time of the health care providers and the doctors, which is increasing every year. The situation requires a strategy whereby reduction in the overall disease prevalence can take place. Also required is the institution of programs that will help create awareness, and provide optimal care to the patient with reduced costs to the health care body.
They are unable to manage themselves, often with the result being that they end up getting worse than better. Something needs to be done to improve their conditions and standard of living.
When pulling further on this thread of thought, a solution unraveled was to provide them a 24x7 specialist nurse, of course specializing in diabetes and on coping with the condition.
City health officials are alarmed as the disease and its complications threaten to swamp the hospital resources in the city. In 2002, the American Diabetes Association estimated that diabetes cost the United States $132 billion in direct and indirect costs.
Hence, the nursing interventions in a community that addresses and manages its problems can minimize the health related problems. The interventions depend on the problems faced by the community and effective nursing interventions depend on building and effective community nursing.
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