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The monitoring of the patient’s blood glucose levels is an important nursing intervention at this point. In order to ensure speedy and efficient monitoring, the finger sticks can be used. Such monitoring must be performed on an hourly basis and after three consecutive hours of normal blood glucose levels, the monitoring may be shifted to every 2 hours (Peno-Green, n.d). However, when the levels once again fall to abnormal digits, the monitoring must be returned to once every hour (Peno-Green, n.d). In instances when the blood glucose levels exceed normal numbers anytime during the monitoring, insulin must be administered to the patient. Monitoring of blood glucose levels is important because it can assist the health practitioners in detecting sudden and asymptomatic decrease in blood sugar; it can also help guide the practitioners in the implementation of interventions and plan of care for the patient (Harrison, 2001).
Since the patient’s blood glucose levels were restored to normal levels after simple carbohydrate intake, there is no need to administer dextrose infusions of glucose. Such intervention would have been necessary if the patient had severe hypoglycaemia and did not respond to oral glucose intake (Goldstein, 2009). Nevertheless, if (during the monitoring) the blood glucose levels would drop and would not respond to current medications, dextrose infusions of glucose can still be carried out.
In the process of monitoring, the nurse must also be watchful for signs of sweating, irritability, tachycardia, confusion, dizziness, pallor, and stupor (Williams & Wilkins, 2005). Such signs can signal a hypoglycaemic crisis which may need further consult or referral to the medical practitioner. Since it is important to try to maintain the patient’s blood sugar levels – and to avoid another hypoglycaemic state, I need to constantly monitor the patient for signs of hypoglycaemia. These signs include pale moist skin, drowsiness, and the
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(Type 1 Diabetes, Hypertension Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Type 1 Diabetes, Hypertension Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1570277-type-1-diabetes-hypertension.
Insulin is a hormone which is important in controlling and regulating the amount of sugar in the blood as it facilitates the absorption of glucose by cells in the liver, muscles as well as fat tissue, after which it is converted and stored by the liver in form of glycogen.
Approximately one in every 400 to 600 children and adolescents currently has type 1 diabetes (T1D). Forty percent of individuals with T1D develop the disease before the age of 20 years. It appears that the incidence of T1D in youth is increasing in the U.S (American Diabetes Association, 2008).
One of the deadly complications of diabetes is coronary artery disease which is attributed to imbalance in lifestyle. Diabetes has affected approximately 200 million individuals worldwide and expected to double by 2030 (Bottino & Trucco, 2005).
There are three types of Diabetes mellitus (DM): type 1 DM that is dependent on insulin, type 2 DM, and gestational DM. according to studies ten percent of diabetic patients suffer from type 1 diabetes. The condition is an autoimmune type of disorder that forms from the destruction of insulin producing beta cells (Carozza, 2013).
This is because one of the risks of acquiring this disease is that it may lead to the development of heart disease as well as disease of the blood vessel. Furthermore, there is also the risk of the development of high blood pressure among those who have diabetes.
(Mycek, 2007). Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes.
The emergency and hospital admissions demand increase time of the health care providers and the doctors, which is increasing every year. The situation requires a strategy whereby reduction in the overall disease prevalence can take place. Also required is the institution of programs that will help create awareness, and provide optimal care to the patient with reduced costs to the health care body.
In this paper the author summarizes the research findings that others have reported, through relevant articles. He also evaluates and comments on each study's worth and validity in systematic way. The articles were searched electronically from search in Medical Subject Headings (MeSh), EBSCOhost/ CINAHL and PubMed.
The RN can help this patient cope with the diagnosis by first educating the patient about type 1 diabetes and its impact on the patient’s body. By so doing, the patient will understand that the illness is a
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