Ethical and legal implications of lack of access to healthcare Ethical Implications of lack of access to health care: The American Medical Association provides for and supports the society's obligation to offer adequate, effective and timely health care services to the patients in order to ensure that no single patient is left unattended due to lack of ability of their part to pay for the services received (Beauchamp, Childress, 1989)…
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The high expectations of ensuring effective care to those suffering from acute illnesses have taken a toll on the health care system in the country due to shortage of available resources against the number of people in need of care. Allocation of scarce resources in the midst of increasing costs and unemployment has led to a series of debates among scholars regarding the role and impact of ethics in provision of health care services. Although various health care reforms have been initiated over the years, to ensure better care for the citizens, the nurses and other care givers are entrusted with an ethical responsibility to provide equitable and fair distribution of resources (White, Duncan, 2002). The ethical obligation to offer adequate and timely health care services across all classes of the society entails two key principles of health care which includes - the provision of fair and equal opportunities to all members of the society and to protect and safeguard the interests of the vulnerable populations by providing them proper health care benefits. These principles seem to have eroded with time, on account of increasing costs of drugs, rise in health care expenditures, and the resulting cost-control measures arising out of the same. This has lead to serious negative implications on the society as a whole such as reduction in overall health of the citizens, reduction in employee productivity, and an increased burden on the health care system in terms of added costs among many others (Sulmasy, 1992). Although access to health care services is not an end to all health related problems, the equitable access to such services does however significantly increases the odds of attaining better health outcomes due to timely diagnosis and treatment. According to the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedicine and Behavioral Science Research Commission, one of the key ethical obligations of the society includes ensuring equal access to health care services. The commission states that "Equitable access to health care requires that all citizens be able to secure an adequate level of care without excessive burdens" (Millman 1993, Pp. 32). Legal Implications of lack of access to health care: There are wide ranging racial disparities in the United States with regard to health care, despite of stringent laws against such discrimination. However, such disparities exist on account of various reasons such as the vulnerabilities of people belonging to certain races such as African Americans and Hispanics who belong to low socio-economic backgrounds. According to The Civil Rights Act of 1964, any discrimination in provision of health care may lead to enforcement of legal action against the accused. Section 601 of Title VI states that "No person in the United States, shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance" (Williams 2007, pp. 180). This clearly indicates that law prohibits any kind of discrimination however preventing such discrimination poses a greater challenge, due to the various types of
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“Ethical and Legal Implications of Lack of Access to Healthcare Case Study”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1438218-identification-of-financial-legal-implications.
Immigrant volumes continue to increase year by year as the United States represents much better opportunities for gaining employment than in Mexico or the Philippines (as two examples). However, with the rise in immigration reaching higher levels than ever before, their lack of naturalization status continues to provide them with low-paying jobs requiring fewer skills and are therefore often not provided health insurance.
Timely and effective disaster response is fundamental to ensure that disaster struck population and areas receive aid and resources so as to assist them to return to “normality”. Medical aid is the central form of assistance that first responders to disasters provide, as inhabitants recuperating from the after effects of the disaster have high vulnerability to health related risks.
These people are those who are at the bottom of the economic pyramid which includes - those insured by Medicaid, the low wage earners, the uninsured and the underinsured. Such lack of access to healthcare highlights the inability of healthcare system to cater to the needs of all its citizens.
Janet, the nurse communicated this to the attending Intesivist, Dr. Johnson who sought to disobey the directive based on the belief that she would get better. This is in spite of the insistence by the family that the directive be followed. Refusal to follow the directive is legally considered to amount to assault and battery under common law.
The paper also identifies the reason why ethical therapy is important in nursing and describes steps in ethical decision making model. The identification of the ethical principles involved in making an ethical decision and again the steps in an ethical decision making model are also discussed in the paper.
For this one needs to go to the doctor and that too a doctor who complies with medical ethics (. Medical ethics can be defined as that part of applied ethics which encompasses the study of morals and values as well as judgments that can be applied to the field of medicine.
Legally, the case was stronger for the parents, and it seemed that it was rational for them to protest and seek punishment against the murderer and the person who deliberately hide the identity of the murderer. Legally Poddar was under legal compulsion to reveal such statements to the police and court, the legal regulations demand that no crime should be hide from the police and court, and such events and confession made personally should be revealed without any haste.
Mr Brown is shifted from one ward to other and that must have affected him emotionally. In a demented person recognition and memory undergo changes. As a result demented elderly deny a decision taken by themselves and accuse relatives ,children of manipulation It was apparent that nurses had difficulties choosing between feeding without consent, and the possibility of death due to lack of nutrition.
The author states that the organizational stakeholders are highly dependent on the fair and moral judgment of the company accountant, owing to the fact that accounting is a complex field that entails complex financial procedures and practices that the management and shareholders of the company may not fully understand.
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