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Diabetes - Research Paper Example

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Introduction Diabetes is a condition or disease that affects many young and adult people globally, this condition makes the patient’s body by making it unable to produce insulin. Diabetes is a very deadly disease that if it not detected early it could be fatal to its victims…
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Download file to see previous pages... The A1C Diagnostic Tool The testing of diabetes has long been faced with a myriad of challenges that include insufficient diagnosis of the disease. Several diabetes diagnostic tests have been developed over the years but all of them are not accurate as the Haemoglobin A1C level test. The A1C test is undertaken to test the amount of sugar present in the red blood cells. The test looks into the average blood glucose levels in patient’s body for a period of two to three months. The A1C test uses an averaging system whereby a patient’s blood glucose levels are tested based on a percentage system (Cunha-vaz, 2011). Diabetes tests conducted using the A1C diagnostic testing tools have been very accurate in estimating blood sugar levels of a patient over a long period of time. Compared to other tests, the A1C test does not require a patient to fast without food for periods of time since the test can be conducted at any time (Ford-Martin, 2004). A1C Research Tests A research was conducted to test the effectiveness of the A1C diagnosis test in South Korea over a period of 6 years. The test was conducted to find out the best levels for haemoglobin A1C level for different diabetes patients this included patients belonging to different races. The research targeted a total of 10,038 participants were included in this research and they first underwent a 75-g oral glucose test tolerance test at baseline with two year follow up. Among the research participants, 572 of them had a previous history of having diabetes (Ford-Martin, 2004). From the results a receiver operating characteristic curve was used to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the A1C cut-off. The results established that at the baseline 635 participants representing 6.8% had previously undiagnosed diabetes. An A1C cut-off of 5.9% produced the highest sum of sensitivity at 68% and specificity (91%). At the end of the research, after 6 years 895 (10.2%) participants had developed diabetes. An A1C cut-off of 5.6% had the highest sum of sensitivity (59%) and specificity (77%) in the identification of consequent 6-year incident diabetes. After variations in adjustment it was found that men with A1C baseline of 5.6% had a 2.4 fold increased risk while women with the same baseline had a 3.1 fold increased risk of contracting diabetes in the future (Cunha-vaz, 2011). The research study was successful in concluding that patients with a 5.9% A1C cut-off identified participants with undiagnosed diabetes. The study also concluded that people with A1C equal or greater than 5.6% had increased risk of contracting diabetes in the future. Integration of A1C The research study undertaken by researchers on the agreed levels of Haemoglobin A1C test was important in determining the agreed levels of A1C suitable for diagnosing diabetes. From the research we are able to learn that doctors have found out that people with Haemoglobin A1C level of ? 5.6% have a higher risk of contracting diabetes. Due to the accuracy of using the A1C diagnosis testing, Doctors are now able to easily detect diabetes in the body. Many researchers agree that the A1C test and research was important in coming up with a standardised A1C cut-off which was put at the level of 6.5%. The results of the South Korean research concluded that the A1C levels of 5.9% contributed to patients contracting type 2 diabetes (Cunha-vaz, 2011). While on the other hand, the same study was conducted among the Japanese population and they found out that an A1C cut-off ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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The reason that I am researching this topic is because of how common diabetes has become, especially in our significantly obese society. Furthermore, as a result of the increased numbers of people with obesity, the amount of children being diagnosed with diabetes is steadily rising.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
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These include eating of excess junk food and lack of exercises, especially for obese children. It is also passed through human genes in the family history but when detected earlier can be prevented. This means the essay tackles how diabetes is caused by various apparent symptoms and the characteristics of types of diabetes.
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Diabetes is a condition characterized by elevated blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia. The diagnostic symptoms of diabetes include increased frequency of urination, excessive thirst, blurred vision, tiredness etc.  In a normal person, special pancreatic cells called the beta cells produce insulin. 
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However, when the level of insulin decreases due to the lesser production by the islet cells or the resistance from muscle and fat cells in response to the insulin hormone, the sugar in the blood stream remains unused, which is reflected by the rise in the blood sugar level.
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Diabetes is classified as a syndrome because it affects most of the organs in the human body resulting in other disease states. Diabetes is classified into types which are Type I diabetes mellitus and Type II diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes mellitus mostly occurs at an early age and it is an autoimmune disease where the cells of the pancreas are destroyed.
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ecreted by the beta – cells of the pancreas in response to an increase of sugar in the blood and functions to regulate the blood glucose level (Free Online Health, 2009 and Mathur, 2011). In the United States, about 215,000 people under 20 years old were diagnosed with type 1
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According to AHRQ (2012), the most affected groups in the United States are the Minorities, especially the Hispanic community followed by individuals of Black-American origin. The individuals most affected are usually above the age of 45, since their
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The paper discusses on some of the treatments that are available for the disease and also educates on the actions that are necessary so as to prevent one from suffering from an ailment and steps to take to
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