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Nursing Report according to the Australian Health System - Essay Example

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Chronic Illness Prevention in Children in Australia September 14, 2011 Chronic Illness Prevention in Children in Australia Purpose The purpose of the study, which follows, is to convey information on the understanding of the role of the registered nurse in child and adolescent health in Australia…
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Nursing Report according to the Australian Health System
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Download file to see previous pages Due to the enormity of the issue of chronic illness, this report will focus on children between the ages of 5 and 19 years of age. This report will conclude by identifying recommendations that nurses can implement in their role as primary health practitioners. Definitions Chronic Disease: A chronic disease is characterized by having a duration “that has lasted or is expected to last at least six months. Has a pattern for recurrence, or deterioration. Has a poor prognosis and produce consequences, or sequaelae that impact the individual’s quality of life.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Diabetes (diabetes mellitus): This is a chronic condition in which “the body makes too little of the hormone insulin or cannot use it properly. This raises the blood level of the body’s major energy source, the sugar glucose, and causes other widespread disturbance of the body’s energy processes.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Type 1 diabetes: This is a chronic condition, which generally arises in childhood or youth and is known as ‘juvenile onset’ diabetes “marked by a complete lack of insulin and needing insulin replacement for survival.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Type 2 diabetes: The most common form of diabetes, “occurring mostly in people aged 40 years and over and marked by reduced or less effective insulin.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Cancer: This includes a “range of diseases where some of the body’s cells begin to multiply out of control, can invade, and damage the area around them, and can also spread to other parts of the body to cause further damage.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Cystic fibrosis – This is a “life threatening genetic disorder that primarily affects the respiratory system (lungs), the digestive system (pancreas and sometimes liver) and the reproductive system. The mucus glands of people with cystic fibrosis secrete very thick sticky mucus.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Cerebral palsy: This includes a “range of disabilities associated with movement and posture. ‘ Cerebral’ refers to the brain and ‘palsy’ means weakness or lack of muscle control. The disorder is caused by a permanent, nonprogressive brain defect or lesion present at birth.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Epilepsy: This disease involves a “disturbance of brain function marked by recurrent fits and loss of consciousness.” (Child and Youth Health Intergovernmental Partnership, 2004) Background Asthma is reported to be the most common of all chronic diseases among children in Australia and is cited as well as being the most common of all reasons that children in Australia are hospitalized. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is reported to be on the rise among children in Australia. (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2005, p.2) Other chronic diseases affecting children in Australia include those of Cancer, Cystic Fibrosis, Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy. Discussion There have been a great many possible risk factors linked to the development of chronic disease in childhood however, it is reported that of these risk factors that only a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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