We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 case study questions - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Case Study Questions 1. In Jason's case, as an infant some environmental factor, such as a respiratory infection or environmental allergy, triggered a bronchospasm that lead to his persistent cough. The bronchospasms result in increased sensitivity of the bronchial lining, making it more prone to future irritation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Polish This Essay94% of users find it useful
Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 case study questions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 case study questions"

Download file to see previous pages Since his mother reports that she has hay fever Jason's asthma may be allergenic. The possibility of allergenic asthma is further increased by the fact that Jason's brother has eczema; the skin cells related to allergic response and eczema flare-ups are the same as those involved in an asthma response. Since the lining of the airways cannot be penetrated by the allegen or irritant, it is a surface membrane response that leads to all three conditions: asthma, hay fever allergies, and eczema. When Jason's body was exposed to environmental irritants or allergens, his body produced elevated levels of Immunoglobulin E (IgE). This occurs through an allergenic cascade; when Jason is exposed to the allergen, the cells with the allergenic substance attached are attacked by his body's T-cells. These T-cells produce cytokines, which trigger the B-lymphocytes into producing IgE. This production usually takes place within the first few weeks after exposure to the allergen. Some of the IgE will attach to the mast cells of the bronchial lining, while others will remain free-floating. When Jason is re-exposed to the same allergenic trigger, the free-floating IgE will link with the IgE bound to the mast cells and trigger them to produce histamine, prostaglandins and leukotrienes. These inflammatory mediators then result in the bronchial inflammation and mucus production, as Jason's body tries to rid itself of the allergen that caused the initial response. Once the mast cells are activated, they will produce other chemicals that attract neutrophils. These neutrophils produce lysosomes, which attack the cells of the mucosal lining. When these cells are under attack, they add to the inflammatory effect of the asthma attack. This response does not occur for several hours after exposure to the allergen, explaining why Jason's asthma attack has continued even after removal from the trigger. The spasms that result from the production of IgE, however, are not necessarily the direct result of the inflammatory mediators on the smooth muscle layer of Jason's airways. Instead, the spasms could be the result of the mediators stimulating the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve then responds by constricting the bronchial pathways. Chronic asthmatics like Jason may have an overly sensitive vagus nerve reflex, causing the spasms to occur more often than in a healthy person. This overly-sensitive reflex can also be related to an imbalance of brain chemicals, such as beto-adrenoceptors, alpha-adrenoceptors, and catecholamines, or an abnormally high number of cholinergic receptors. A combination of the allergic and reflex responses is most likely the cause of Jason's asthma attack in this situation. Jason's lungs and airways respond to the irritation and spasms by producing thick mucus and mucus plugs in his air tracts, reducing the flow of air to his lungs. In addition, over the course of the years that Jason has had asthma, the bronchospasms are damaging to the lining of his airways, resulting in airway remodeling. The repeated inflammation and irritation of the lining prevents the extracellular matrix of his esophageal cells from repairing themselves properly. Because the cells cannot properly repair themselves after they are damaged by the inflammation of an acute attack, the response of Jason's body is to deposit more extracellular ma ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1430519-case-study-pathophysiological-template-for
(Case Study: Pathophysiological Template for Paediatric Astha and 3 Essay)
“Case Study: Pathophysiological Template for Paediatric Astha and 3 Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1430519-case-study-pathophysiological-template-for.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Case Study 3 Fred
Fred’s wife has rheumatoid arthritis and Fred takes care of her. Fred has gained weight (from 180 cm to 120kg) but Fred sees this as that he has ‘put on a bit of weight lately”. Fred is the one who cooks for he and his wife and finds it easier to heat up frozen food than it is to cook nutritional food.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Asthma and Pathophisiological Template Case Study
Case Study Regarding Asthma and a Pathophysiological Template Structural and Functional Changes in Asthma Asthma is a heterogeneous disease process referring to a symptom, an exacerbation or attack, or underlying diseases of the airway characterize by episodic airways inflammation, airways hyperresponsiveness, and mucous hypersecretion (Harver& Kotses, 2010, 19).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Consumers’ spending on several different goods or services has been found to be the significant factor that affects consumers’ decision to buy a particular goods or service. Dougan’s (2007, p. 86) study of “ Analysis of Japanese Tourist Demand to Guam” has highlighted the fact that the Japanese consumers’ spending was the most significant factor behind the decrease in visits to Guam as it has affected their decision to travel to Guam.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Paediatric case study (Indigenous community)
His abdomen is distended. His weight, height and psychomotor skills are below 10th percentile. He is suspected to have worms because he vomited some and his perianal region examination reveals scratching signs. He also looks mildly dehydrated. Examination also reveals
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
Case study 3
model, sometimes referred to as the analytical model, stresses the importance of a sound analytical diagnosis as the basis for planned change in organizations,” (“The Diagnostic”, p. 127). How this would be linked to the case being observed, would be centered upon the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Case study Questions
The firm enjoyed vast supply of medical devices like the X-ray machines and computed tomography (CT) scanners which they supplied to large business vendors. However, Terra Firma was faced with a number of challenges. This
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Case study #3
patient finds it difficult to make the necessary dietary changes and managing his medications and his wife is also elderly and not used to taking charge, therefore a treatment plan that quietly empowerment both individuals by building in small milestones and celebrating
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Case study and Questions
Economies have been under turmoil owing to this arrangement. Additionally, the automobile industry is plagued with the problem of environmental sustainability. The most predominant type of vehicles is the Internal Combustion
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Case study questions
The strengths of the company are it holds a leadership position in UK. The firm has strong marketing strategies. The major weakness of Tesco is it has a strong dependency in its home market, its
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Case study 3
Basing on the services performed by UMUC Family Clinic, it is advisable that it adopts Medicaid incentive program. There are other reasons that make Medicaid incentive
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 case study questions for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us