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Equal Employment Oportunity Commission - Research Paper Example

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Equal Employment Opportunities Commission Introduction As a result of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, the American public recognized the importance of ‘equal protection of the laws’. The mood of the entire public was in favor of a national debate on the provisions of the constitution towards racial segregation and wanted to know if prohibiting the use of ethnic, gender or racial based parameters was sufficient and appropriate in bringing about social justice…
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Equal Employment Oportunity Commission
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Download file to see previous pages It also forbade employers from recruiting or relieving employees on the based on gender or ethnicity. While the issue of race has been the cornerstone for the Civil rights act, the inclusion of gender into this provision happened much later due to the efforts of Representative Howard Smith. While skeptics alleged that Smith has done so in order to weaken support for the bill, the latter argued that he had done so only to demonstrate his support for the National Women’s Party. The inclusion of gender gains significance especially in cases where it is a distinctive attribute necessary for the job. The title VII of the Civil Rights Act led to the creation of the ‘Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC)’, which is the focus of this research study. The primary purpose of the EEOC is to ensure that no employers can (Choate, 2009): "fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions or privileges or employment, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin." McDermott (2009) says that the role and significance of the EEOC has expanded over the years due to subsequent laws. Currently, the EEOC is tasked with eliminating discrimination in the hiring, firing and promotion of employees on the basis of race, gender, religion, color, age, ethnicity or physical disabilities. The EEOC also protects workers from discrimination in pay, training and the number of working hours. While the debate to assign protected-class status to each of these employee classes has been ongoing for several years, the role of affirmative action is also an important domain that influences the operation of the EEOC and is discussed in subsequent sections. About the Commission The EEOC was formed on 2nd July, 1965 out of six different statutes including the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the 1967 Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the 2008 ADA Amendments Act (Stallworth, 2008). Thus, the EEOC has been affected by several statues over the years (Doan, 2009). Each year, the commission handles thousands of complaints related to discrimination and harassment in the private sector, For instance, over 100,000 complaints were filed in 2009 alone. The number of complaints that were eventually filed as cases is historically low (only 300 cases filed in 2009), and are regarded as public records (Keppler, 2010). The cases handled by the EEOC receive widespread coverage in the media and are often discussed extensively in regional radio and television based on the state of origin of the involved parties. Cases that are deemed to have national ramifications are revealed by the press office of EEOC at its offices in Washington. The EEOC is headed by a number of commissioners and the general counsel who are appointed by the President of the United States. Such appointments must also be ratified by the Senate. The EECO operates through a central office that is assisted through a network of regional Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) offices. The latter process the information and complaints received as per the provisions of the various laws discussed in the preceding section. The regional EEOs ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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