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Diabetes - Essay Example

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Diabetes (Name) (Institution) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Table of Contents 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Case Study 3 1.3 Path Physiology of Diabetes 3 1.4 Clinical manifestations and features of diabetes 4 1.5 Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetes 5 1.6 Management of Type 2 Diabetes 5 1.7 Complications of diabetes 6 1.8 Multi-Professional Diabetes Services 7 1.9 Evaluation of education strategies towards effective self management of diabetes 8 1.10 Evidence based knowledge related to the assessment, treatment and management based on the best practice 8 1.11 Conclusion 8 Bibliography; 10 1.1 Introduction The Case Study revolves around middle –aged patient who has been diagnosed wit…
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Download file to see previous pages Additionally, the paper gives a clear outline of the management, complication, and multi professional diabetes services that are relevant to type 2 diabetes. 1.2 Case Study Sarah is 39 years old lady admitted to the ward due to abdominal pain, loss of weight, dehydration, and generally feeling unwell. On admission, Sarah does not have past medical history but genetically has diabetes and heart disease. Through examinations such as chest x-rays, ECHO, blood and urine test, it is clear that there is glucose in the urine, with further investigations showing that she has type 2 diabetes. Finally, the study gives evidence on the evaluation of education strategies in relation to the effective self management on Sarah, and evidence based knowledge with regard to assessment, treatment and management based on the best treatment. ...
Apparently, type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic factors that are related to the secretion of insulin, resistance of insulin and environmental factors such as lack of exercise, over eating and aging. Besides, type 2 is a disease that is caused by multi factors that entail multiple genes and environmental factors, which vary depending with the situation (Barnett, A., 2011). None the less, the advancement of type 2 diabetes is purely associated with a family history of diabetes like in the case of Sarah. The considerable higher concordance rate between monozygotic twins as compared to that between dizygotic twins indicates the involvement of genetic factors. Hence, it is assumed that pathogenesis is involved in the genetic abnormality, in the molecules related to the regulatory system of glucose metabolism. The role of environmental factors such as aging, obesity, insufficient energy consumption among others are independent risk factors that are associated with type 2 diabetes. Impaired secretion of insulin and its actual resistance contribute to the advancement of path physiological conditions. Essentially, impaired insulin secretion is a reduction of the response of glucose, which is present at the onset of diabetes. The tolerance of glucose is induced by reduction of glucose response in the early phase of insulin secretion, over and above, the reduction of insulin secretion after any meals (Winter et al., 2002). This reduction is crucial as it plays a basis path physiological change especially when the disease is at the early stage. If not treated it results to a decrease in pancreatic and cell mass in a human being a situation that affects the long term of blood glucose, (Williams ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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