Nobody downloaded yet

Obstructive sleep apnoea - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Executive summary The prime focus of the paper concentrates around the perimeter as well as the nucleus of the sleep disease known as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Initially highlight is made on the identification and detailed elaboration of the evolution and the basic symptoms related with the disease…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Obstructive sleep apnoea
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Obstructive sleep apnoea"

Download file to see previous pages The conventional and popular treatment like CPAP, VPAP, and APAP along with development of new therapies and their respective operating mechanisms are explained. Lastly the widening future perspective is mentioned with special emphasis on the prevalence of the disease on the infants. 1. Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea is a pathological disorder generally found with cyclic upper airway obstruction with the narrowing of the respiratory passages during sleep. A general trend that follows with this disorder is that the majority people affected are overweight with higher deposits of fatty tissues in their respiratory passages with hyper normal size of soft palates and tongues (Obstructive Sleep Apnea, n.d.). Adverse consequences of this disorder are related with excessive daytime sleepiness, cognitive dysfunction, retarded work performance, anxiety, difficulties in personal relations, increased risk of fatal and non fatal automobile accidents leading to the loss of human life and huge economical burden in the modern world. Thus the study of this disorder in its core is a necessity and synchronous analysis of this disorder is elucidated in the paper from problem identification to functional remedial measures. 1.1 Historical background Years after the World war, medical science saw new dimensions in the psychological treatments which included brain wave patterns and rapid eye movement (REM). During 1960s, several investigators participated in the explanatory and quantitative analysis of human and animal sleep with related changes in subsequent stages of development. Development revealed the phenomenal concept of duality of sleep which stated that sleep generally consisted of two distinct organismic states that is REM sleep and non-REM sleep. Fig.1 General Structure of sleep (Dement, 1998) Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) was first diagnosed in Europe in the year 1965 by two groups Gastant et al, Jung and Kuhlo. This disorder was named as the “Pickwickian syndrome” a decade earlier with the misattribution that the daytime somnolence is a cause hypercapnia (excess of carbon di oxide in the body) and it would have not unfurled transparently until Italian neurologist Elio Lugaresi became deeply engrossed in the study of the Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) and tracked down the problem with unparalleled zeal and set the platform for its further research (Dement, 1998). Throughout the 1970s the only effective treatment for acute OSA was chronic tracheostomy, which generated severe constraints and was regarded as a barrier to the expansion of the sleep medicine. The phase of 1980s ushered with the development of alternative method like Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. In recent decade awareness has been greatly spread and facts reveal that OSA afflicts around 30 million people in USA and many millions around the globe. The disorder is found to vary among different age groups depending on the way of diagnosis of the disorder (Dement, 1998). 1.2 Epidemiology and Prevalence of apnea The fundamental features of OSA are generally featured by frequent instances of apnea and hypopnea while in slumber. In adults undiagnosed OSA is very common wide severity, cardiovascular and behavioral disorders. A need for better credit and management of severe and symptomatic OSA is highly necessary (Young et al, 2002). The prevalence of OSA has been estimated to vary in the range of 2 to 10 percent ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Obstructive sleep apnoea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1399561-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
(Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1399561-obstructive-sleep-apnoea.
“Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1399561-obstructive-sleep-apnoea.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Obstructive sleep apnoea

Obstructive sleep apnea

...? Obstructive Sleep Apnea 0 Background This essay seeks to discuss the disease, Obstructive sleep apnea. It covers the following; pathophysiology, epidemiology, historical context, the management and treatment of the disease, current developments of the disease and a conclusion. In a nut shell, obstructive sleep apnea gets characterized by breath cessation during sleep. It usually occurs when there is obstruction at the pharynx (Davidson’s 2007, p. 666). The disease causes stop of breathing for (10) ten seconds a condition caused by reduced motor tone of the tone and palatoglossus and genioglossus muscle....
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Sleep

...Sleep Part I Sleep is an expression referring to that regular situation that has behavior change that has thecharacteristics of ease in reversibility, relative quiescence, as well as significant rise in the thresholds of response. (National Research Council (US), et al, 1987p9) Scientists are yet to unravel exactly why we sleep. As a matter of fact humans can survive for a longer duration without eating than without sleeping. Birds, animals, as well as reptiles alike sleep. According to scientists these mentioned theories discuss why humans sleep. Sleep might be a way through which brain recharging is achieved. Also,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The effect of exercise on obstructive sleep apnea

...& Atmung, 16, 3, 723-35. Alameri, H., Al-Kabab, Y., & BaHammam, A. (January 01, 2010). Submaximal exercise in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep & Breathing = Schlaf & Atmung, 14, 2, 145-51. Kline, C. E., Crowley, E. P., Ewing, G. B., Burch, J. B., Blair, S. N., Durstine, J. L., Davis, J. M., ... Youngstedt, S. D. (January 01, 2011). The effect of exercise training on obstructive sleep apnea and sleep quality: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep, 34, 12, 1631-40. Lam, B., Sam, K., Mok, W. Y., Cheung, M. T., Fong, D. Y., Lam, J. C., Lam, D. C., ... Ip, M. S. (January 01, 2007). Randomised study of three...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Sleep

...?Sleep Sleep is an important part of the living process which every human being goes through. It comes about as a period of rest and recovery from the dire demands of wakefulness. This is essentially a state of unconsciousness where the individual does not know about the worldly affairs that surround his entirety. There are states of partial consciousness which can be revoked by stimulation. A person spends about one-third of his life whilst sleeping. Sleep is significant for every person because it recharges his body and mind. It makes him fresh because it is a crucial ingredient that goes into delivering work regimes on an out and out basis. There are some health...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Sleep and Sleep Disorder

...Sleep and Sleep Disorder Introduction Sleep is a vital component in human life. Some people fail to have enough sleep because of several factors that include health issues like sickness and stress. People having difficulties in sleeping are said to have sleep disorders. Doctors and psychologists advice people to get enough sleep as much as possible to boost their health while going about their activities normally. Each individual experience sleep disorders at different rates depending on age, sex and their daily activities together with the external factors. Scientists cannot generalize the causes of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Obstructive Jaundice

...Obstructive Jaundice Introduction to jaundice The word "jaundice" comes from the French word jaune, which means yellow (Roche and Kabos, 2004). Jaundice is a condition effortlessly recognized by its symptoms of yellowed skin and sclera (the whites of the eyes), which is due to a buildup of bilirubin in the body (What is Jaundice 2006). Bilirubin is produced by a collapse product of heme rings, usually from metabolized red blood cells (Roche and Kabos, 2004). Red blood cells live about 120 days then die and are discharged through the body. During the process, bilirubin is created when the hemoglobin of red blood cells is broken down in the spleen, and then carried to the liver by albumin in the blood. Here most of the...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

CPAP Compliance in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

...Running head: ARTICLE ANALYSIS Article Analysis Affiliation. Article Analysis In the article, "CPAP compliance in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome," Ozkan Yetkin, Erdogan Kunter, and Hakan Gunen discuss CPAP treatment and how it affects individuals with sleep apnea syndrome. The authors open the article with a very clear problem statement, stating that they wished to "evaluate the factors affecting adherence to the CPAP treatment" (Yetkin, Kunter & Gunen, 2008, p. 365). There is certainly a need for this type of analysis because, as the authors assess and as the scientific community is already aware, CPAP is often the initial form of treatment presented to patients with...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Childhood Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

...- College Childhood Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Introduction The World Health Organization has stated that “obesity” is rising up as one of the major health concerns across the world. “Children obesity” was predominantly seen in western countries, but developing countries are not far left behind anymore. This impact has been seen in all socio-economic groups. Every aspect of social media is throwing light on this issue of child obesity and trying to create more awareness in public. It is very vital to take actions in order to control obesity, as it is known to have serious consequences such as diabetes, hypertension etc. Many healthcare organizations are targeting high risk groups and setting...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Impact of Positive Airway Pressure Among Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients

...Sleep Apnea Article Summary Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), a disorder in which the palate collapses shutting off the airway while sleeping, can be one of the most least diagnose and least treated of all major illnesses. The primary treatment mechanism for OSA is positive airway pressure (PAP), where a machine delivers pressurized air into the patient to keep the airway open at night. A study by Qian Cai, Haingkiat Tan, and Joseph Singer, entitled “Impact of Positive Airway Pressure Among Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients” attempts to analyze the health benefits associated with PAP usage among people who have been diagnosed with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sleep

...Sleep How relevant is sleep to your PERSONAL Lifestyle? Sleep is a critical aspect of humanity. It helps in rejuvenating one’s mental and physical energy for undertaking daily activities. My personal lifestyle as a student emphasizes allocation of more time to study and partial leisure before sleeping. I believe in taking about six hours of sleep to freshen up my mind, get physical energy by eliminating fatigue. For a learner like myself, six hours of sleeping makes me wake up with significant morale to face the next day activities with ease. 2. Are you getting enough? I do get enough sleep by allocating six hours. This...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Obstructive sleep apnoea for FREE!

Contact Us