The nutritional impact is significant within the countries in transition and the developing economies. Health challenges which result from poor nutrition is due to the increased availability and expansion of food in addition to the improving standards of living. …
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The changes in dietary patterns in the population, increase in the use of tobacco and reduced engagement in physical activities have contributed to chronic illnesses, which are related to poor dietary habits. This paper gives a critical analysis on the nutrition practices of the world populations in relation to their contribution to the prevalence of chronic illnesses in addition to the implications on the nursing practice.
Statement of purpose
The chronic illnesses, which result from poor dietary habits, include obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and some types of cancer, stroke, and hypertension. These illnesses are caused by the changes in dietary life styles in the population and thus leading to disability. Death would also result from these conditions when they become worse. These illnesses affect negatively on the economy because of the high health budget due the loss of human resources (Daniel et al, 2011). Scientific evidence demonstrates that nutrition plays a major role in occurrence of chronic illnesses (Sticher, Smith & Davidson, 2010). Moreover, the alteration of a persons’ diet and changes in the physical activity plays a significant role in determining whether the individual will develop the illness later in life. However, it is notable that even though research on the relationship between diet and illnesses shows a contribution to chronic illnesses, policies and practices have not been changed to ensure a healthy society. In the developing economies, the food policies are focused on preventing under nutrition but the focus on the chronic illnesses, which are caused by poor health, is neglected. Review of the Literature The energy balance equation determines the weight of an individual. The rate at which the body spends energy determines the health of that person (Burns, Gross & Zanin, 2010). When there is more consumption of calories and fats the chances of one becoming obese increases. The possibility of being obese is facilitated by food consumption, which is not proportionate to the energy breakdown. This is what leads to energy imbalance in the body, which is the basis for chronic obesity. The lifestyles of people have been changed by civilization and urbanization. There is reduced physical activity in urban areas as compared to the rural communities in the developing nations. The energy expenditure by the body is reduced drastically in a sedentary lifestyle. The work environment in urban centers for example makes an individual confined to the work desk. Moreover, competition among businesses has led to long working hours, which does not allow people, time to engage in physical exercise. The prevalence of obesity is greater in developed countries as compared to the developing economies. In addition, urban centers have more obese people in comparison to the rural environments. This is a result to the differences in lifestyles. In developing countries and rural communities, the lifestyles of individuals promote physical activities, which encourage consumption of energy by the body. There has been a global epidemic of obesity and overweight because of the modern lifestyles which advance storage of fat in the body. Reduced physical activity is demonstrated by the fact that people drive to work. This promotes conversion of nutrients into fat for storage. Reduced physical activities eventually lead to accumulation of fat in the body that causes obesity and overw
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(“Nutrition and Illness Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Nutrition and Illness Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Nutrition and Illness Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1393407-nutrition-and-illness.
The international consultation on nutrition and health did recognize that, firstly, there is a growing trend in the epidemic of many chronic diseases that keep afflicting the international community, and, secondly, these epidemics are linked to poor nutrition, dietary issues, as well as the changing lifestyles people take up in many countries around the world.
This project tries to get an overview of some of the significant aspects of public health regarding nutritional status of children and women, the various problems related to this and their probable solutions. The developing countries like most of the African countries are inflicted with the problem of food crisis with under nutrition and lack of essential nutrients, which cause an estimated death of almost 3.5 million young children and pregnant women per year.
One of the public health goals is to promote healthier and sustainable food system like to provide health food to the current population while healthy ecosystem is maintained in a manner that does not compromise the ability of future generation to meet healthy food with limited environmental impact (Ilona 14).
Poor diet and lack of appropriate nutrition can lead to serious conditions like cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Proper nutrition can protect health, as well as, slow the progression of diseases (Dwyer, 2006). Malnutrition can affect anyone but it tends to be the affliction of the elderly, the very poor, and children.
Essential nutrients consist of vitamins, fatty acids, carbohydrates, minerals, amino acids (Nutrition Online, n.d.).
b) Macronutrients: Most part of our diet consists of macronutrients which are responsible for
According to the paper it is very important for every individual to take care of his nutrition. It is of crucial importance to be aware of the important role vitamins, micro- and macro elements play in our nutrition and contribute much to our lives. Further discussion deals with proteins. These are polymer chains, which consist of amino acids connected by peptide bonds.
Adolescent athletes have a different set of nutrition needs. They need higher amounts of energy inputs. The female athletes need more iron nutrients to speed up the active athletes’ oxygen circulation during running and other active games. Similarly the sports bodies must consume adequate protein amounts to ensure optimum overall physical growth.
Thus, food composition involves nutritional elements such as fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and proteins. The above information about food grants one the freedom of defining food as an element that