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Cultural theory is a branch of knowledge that applies experience based techniques, in a quest to develop theories that give an explanation of different elements of human expression. Human beings use communication techniques to express, emotions, feelings and different states of mind acquired in their daily activities in respect to the environmental set up they are in. The term expressions denote forms of communication that human beings use to pass certain information from one person to another. The existence of these forms of communication forms the base for cultural theory. The need to explain how human beings relate with their environment, adapt to it and communicate their experiences to successful generations’ forms the relevance of cultural theory.Human beings use different forms of expression to communicate formation from one person to another. These forms include language, signs, art, music and dance, and observation. Language is used to communicate information either orally or through written work. Signs and dances, on the other hand, are used to transmit information through the use of visible sense, where ideas are encoded in gestures, body movements and other forms of physical signs. Art involves the use of carefully developed carvings and drawings to communicate ideas (Giddens 1997). Music is a complex form of communication that carries cultural information usually expressed in a coherent mix of the other forms of communication. Music involves combined use of language, dance, musical instruments, signs and art in a good proportion to communicate information from one person to another. All those music elements determine its variation. Music is a cultural phenomenon and can only be understood from a well organised study of cultural elements that build it. Music is also made of key components which include industry, genre formation, media, and fans. The interrelationship between the components can be understood through the cultural theory (Negus 1996). The theory also analyzes the interrelationship that exists between different people to establish the ideologies that govern their interactions. Cultural theory has a number of elements that outlines several ideologies that govern the interrelationship of different parties in the music. Racism is one of the elements of cultural theory that analysis music with the aim of understanding how music industry, genre formation, media, and fans interrelate. Racism refers to prejudice and discrimination of people based on physical differences that exist between them. Members of a community can discriminate other people based on some physical variations such as the skin colour (Longhurst 2007). This discrimination is seen in the behaviour of a particular group toward another. For instance, in United State the white people may disqualify the black people from access public swimming pools for entertainments. For instance, as revealed by the photo below. Such swimming pools may be linked with a particular music genre where fans come to swim while enjoying the entertainment from that music genre. Since the black fans may be limited from participating in those entertainments, then it determines the kind of funs to get involved in the music genre. This kind of racism also influences genre formation, for instance, the black people may find that they are being discriminate by the white people, and decide to form music genre that fit their race. Racism creates an ideology that some people are superior to others based on physical differences. The instincts of superiority felt by a tribe create an environment where one tribe is abusive to the other. This result into one tribe exhibiting behaviours that directly disqualifies others in different areas of life. Mase says that racism is evident in music and society in three interdependent dimensions. The first one is the structural where there is social and economic discrimination against
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It sneered at authority, especially the police, and celebrated a life of crime. It romanticized gangsterism, murder and mayhem. The rapper could only depend on himself and his crew, and only made money by robbery, not by entertaining people or working at a day job.
Hip hop played an important role in the society during those times. It was used to keep children away from the streets and it gave them an avenue to channel their energies intomeaningful pastime activities that prevented them from joining gangs. Hip hop encouraged peaceful and constructive messages through shrewdly written rhymes(Edward, 1994).
The “real Japanese hip hop” reflects the combination of the “yellow B-Boys” mixing their tunes up with the “black culture” and the artists providing their significant efforts in the creation of such music (Condry, 1-49).The Japanese musicians have been found to work on their own languages and initiated the pulse.
The term 'rap' is essential to comprehend the hip hop music as they are used identically. To define the 'rap', it is a "general term for the musical expression; it is part of a broader movement, known as hip hop, that includes dance, graffiti art, fashion, and political expression." (Safire, 162) Rap and hip hop are used interchangeably.
The aim of hip-hop was what propelled it to where it is today. Hip-hop was a means of expression and a channel of rebellion against the norm. As chronicled by Davey (1985), the freedom of participation offered by this art form appealed to its earliest crowds in New York. The beauty of its simplicity propelled it through the neighborhoods and transformed it into its earliest form of a culture of expression that was not bogged down by the rules of society.
Theoretical, methodological, and conceptual shortcomings further limit the significance of the research findings. The history of the music genre, arguments for the censorship of popular music, and issues for future rap music research are also discussed.
It is an American musical genre using rhyming speech that is set to lively music and can be considered as an offshoot of the Civil Rights Movement during the sixties and the seventies. Black Americans are proud of this new musical form
The difference between the two is that poets write poems and read them on pages, whereas hip-hop poetry comes together with a musical performance. There are those who believe that hip-hop is a way of making written poetry
From the 1970s, the aspect of hip-hop was associated with poor black people looking for a way of expressing themselves due to the kind of poverty they were going through. As such, the start of hip-hop was mainly associated with the use of songs as a way of