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Another definition of critical thinking is that given by Michael Scriven and Richard Paul, in a presentation at the 8th Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Education Reform, Summer of 1987.They defined critical thinking as the intellectually disciplined way of active and skillful conceptualization, application, analysis and evaluation of data collected by observing, experiencing, reflecting, reasoning, and communicating, as a guidance to believing and acting. Paul and Elder (2008), defines the term as Critical thinking as the way of thinking - about something, where the person who is thinking develops the quality of his or her thinking by being skillful when taking care of the structures involved in thinking and forcing intellectual standards on them. In my understanding, for this reason, critical thinking means, thinking outside the box, having creative thoughts, and internalizing the thoughts. Critical thinking involves general intellectual values.
Critical thinking includes several skills. These skills include rationality, self-awareness, honesty, open-mindedness, discipline, and judgment. Rationality is based on the fact one is thinking critically when he or she relies on reason and not emotions; when one requires prove, not ignoring evidence, and follow where the evidence leads. Also being rational in critical thinking is concerned more with coming up with the rightful way of explaining other than being right through analysis of apparent confusion and asking questions. Self-awareness in critical thinking involves comparing the effects of motives and bias, recognition of one’s assumptions, biases and point of view. Being honest in thinking critically, is evident when one recognizes emotional impulses, selfish motives, nefarious purposes, or other ways of deceiving ones-self. One is thinking critically, with an open mind when all reasonable inferences are evaluated, considerations of various viewpoints or
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For the purpose of this paper ‘Critical thinking’ will defined using the Yourdictionary.com (2011) definition insofar as the topic refers to the processes used to analyze and evaluate multiple channels of information and practice sound reasoning to guide conclusions to guide behavior.
Critical thinking is irreplaceable and integral part of the academic field, because this is the basic way in which knowledge is constructed and developed. In the academic battlefield researchers and scholars are seeking explanations and answers to various open questions.
Critical thinking involves drawing sound conclusions based on facts and observations. For any organization to succeed, it needs employees who take decisions based on their critical thinking ability. In other words, it is the ability of members to ask significant questions, evaluate the complex information collected, make complex decisions, and above all anticipate the outcome of those decisions.
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our ability to have a good critical thinking, we are empowered in understanding the nature of a problem and eventually finding ways on how we could effectively and accurately solve the main cause of a given problem.
Aside from the importance of solving problems, critical
Critical thinking can be defined as disciplined, self directing which exemplifies the perfections of thinking appropriate to a particular mode or domain or thought (Paul, 1990). The use of critical thinking is useful in all aspects of life. Its application has
She looked inside herself and weighed her values against her needs. She is broke yet she held on to her value of honesty. Her position is based on moral judgment since she even though about her friendship with Tanya.
Additionally, learning the different aspects of critical thinking is crucial in that it would enable me as OD practitioner to question information and other people’s ideas and make appropriate conclusions. Clarity enables one to come up with new
Faced with similar circumstances, it is not absurd that a group of people will hold different opinions, react differently, and draw different conclusions as to the right course of action. Right and wrong cannot be absolute parameters because what is right in one
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