Arab World - Essay Example

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The Arab world is made up of territories that stretch from the Arabian Sea in the East to the Atlantic Ocean in the West, and the Mediterranean Sea in the North to the Indian Ocean in the south. The…
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The Arab World The Arab world is composed of twenty-two countries that speak the Arab language. The Arab world is made up of territories that stretch from the Arabian Sea in the East to the Atlantic Ocean in the West, and the Mediterranean Sea in the North to the Indian Ocean in the south. The Arab world consists of three regions that had different reactions on the Arab Spring of 2010. The Arab Spring oversaw the change in the political structure as well as other facets of the society. The regions are divided into three; Mashriq that is composed of Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, Palestine and Syria, Maghreb that is composed of part of Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya, and the Arabian Peninsula that is composed of Oman, Yemen, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait (Yafi, 2012, pg. 18). These regions have differences in terms of economy, culture, political systems, timing, people, and the history. This paper defines the differences in the Arab World regions in terms of political systems, economy, and education after the Arab Spring.
The political system is one of the major differences in these regions. The political boundaries of the Arab Peninsula is comprised of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates. The vast region of the Arab Peninsula is covered by the Saudi Arabia. The majority of this population also comes from Saudi Arabia. The six countries from the Arab Peninsula have formed the Gulf Cooperation Council that oversees the running and maintenance of a political unity in these countries (Yafi, 2012, pg. 23). The six countries are Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates. Most of these countries are monarchies except Bahrain, and Yemen. The Maghreb is made up of various modern territories. These include Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritania. The formation of the Maghreb is linked to the need to promote co-operation both economically and politically the region through Muammar Gadhafi. The countries are republics except Morocco which is a monarchy. The Mashriq region is composed of countries that are on the Eastern side of Egypt. It composes countries such as Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. Jordan is the only country that remains as a monarchy while the other countries are republics (Yafi, 2012, pg. 13).
In terms of education, the regions have experienced issues that relate to the education of women. The literacy levels of the youths is higher in these countries compared to the adult literacy levels. The Arab Peninsula has a literacy rate of about 94% of the youths. On the other hand, the Maghreb has a literacy level of about 83.2% and the Mashriq have a literacy rate of 73.6% in the youths (Yafi, 2012, pg. 13). The lowest rates of literacy are experienced in the least developed countries such as Egypt, Somalia, and Mauritania. The Arabian Peninsula is the region that is well-advanced in terms of education with countries like Jordan having a 90% literacy level in the adults.
The economy of these regions is also diverse and presents a major difference in these regions. The Arab Peninsula is made up of the richest economies in this region. This is due to the large oil fields that these countries are endowed with. They are among the top ten producers of oil in the world (Yafi, 2012, pg. 13). The Mashriq regions have significant but smaller reserves in comparison with the Arabian Peninsula. The Maghreb is composed of regions with significant oil reserves, but lower than the Arabian Peninsula such as Libya. However, the economies of countries such as Somalia and Mauritania is very poor. This is due to conflicts of interests that arise in these regions.
This paper defines the differences in the Arab World regions in terms of political systems, economy, and education after the Arab Spring. The political boundaries and system of administration vary from republics to monarchies. The education system leans towards the youths in most of these economies. The economies are also varied in relation to the oil reserves these regions possess. Therefore, the differences have led to the rise of these regions after the Arab Spring.
Work Cited
Yafi, Wissam S. Inevitable Democracy in the Arab World: New Realities in an Ancient Land. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Internet resource. Read More
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