Genocide has been described as a crime identified in the international criminal law, besides the local management by the governments of individual nations, which most people understand. It is currently being handled by the international criminal court in the international level…
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This document distinguishes several types of perpetrators and their involvement in genocide through examples. It also defines the content of the crime according to the international law and the convention towards the prevention and punishment of genocide. Finally, the different kinds of genocide based on their intent as retributive, cultural, latent, optimal, and utilitarian are discussed.
Most people in the society tend to use the general concepts such as mass murder and massacre, while referring to genocide. They may also associate the delivery of justice with the local governments after the crime, since they have no idea of the international protection by the law. Genocide is a crime defined in the international criminal law, and is currently handled by the International Criminal Court (ICC), based in the Netherlands at Hague. The ICC aims to protect the potential victims, bring to trial or apprehend suspected perpetrators, while giving justice to the affected in the society. Several international organizations define the crime based on destruction targeting a particular group of people within a domain; however, what distinguishes the crime from others is the motivation behind it. According to Rummel (2002), history shows different situations where people had been murdered under the authority of their rulers and governments, either in war or by strict instructions given to exterminate rebellious groups; even though, legal application of the term ‘Genocide’ came into use first in the indictment of the Nazi war criminals, at Nuremburg tribunal between 1945 and 1946, in association with Raphael Lemkin. Although the ICC is an independent judicial system, it works closely with the United Nations to uphold human rights and campaign against genocide.
The crime of genocide is not limited to mass killings but it covers a wide scope. It is defined in the international law in the convention on the prevention and punishment
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(“Genocide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(Genocide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Genocide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1611830-genocide.
The Tutsi were pastoralists while the Hutus were farmers. Rwanda was first colonized by the Germans. Later the country was colonized by Belgians whose main aim was to exploit the country’s resources. In 1933, the colonizers issued identity cards which indicated whether one was a Tutsi, a Hutu or a Twa.
Americans are one of the most diverse communities that have had various impacts on their lives on their travels abroad, outside America. History and political science have both given various examples of how American people have discovered newer things outside their country and, thus, gone and made settlements elsewhere, assisting in setting up their industrial, as well as political and social base all around the world.
Pol Pot, the party leader of Khmer Rouge, had attempted to enforce the Chinese agricultural model that was based on communism. Those who opposed this were eliminated. The genocide was also heightened by power wars between the supporters of the deposed Prince Sihanouk and the army of Lon Nol.
This means that 10 years down the line, close to three point five million lives were lost.
The genocide was a case of ethnic hatred and segregation. The government had been taken over by the Interahamwe militias. This group believed that the majority tribe which was the Hutu tribe was the only one with a right to live.
It is estimated that 800 thousand to 1 million people died as a result of the genocide which can be estimated to be 20 percent of the total population of Rwanda at the time (Linda, 2004).
The genocide was as a result of ethnic divide between Hutu and Tutsi which interpreted to a sporadic violence .There was a large number of Tutsi refugees in countries neighboring Rwanda by the year 1990.During this period the Rwandan Patriotic front (RFP) which was a rebel group composed of Tutsi refugees made an invasion.
The Convention definition of genocide is summarized as the intent to destroy in whole or “in part a racial, ethnic, religious, or national group as such, by killing members of the group or imposing conditions inimical to survival” (Show and Schott 2005, 34). The inclusion of mental harm among the acts constituting genocide seems incongruous, but it must be read in the overall context of the intent to destroy the victim group.
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
The film is about an Armenian renown painter who lived through the genocide in Turkey in 1915, He says that a director then invites him to lend a hand where he wants to include the story in a film about the genocide and Turkish assault on the town of van he recounts the
Owing to the Armenian Genocide, thousands of Armenian children became orphans propelling others to convert to Islam in order to survive. Extensive operations carried out to burn children at a large scale occurred in Bitlis province were many Armenian women as well as children were burnt alive. Moreover, mass burning of children took place in Der Zor as orphans gathered into large orphanage buildings where they were pushed to out of the city and doused with petrol before being set ablaze.