Torture, civil rights, and genocide are the most well developed areas of international human rights law. Acts of genocide have been perpetrated throughout history. In the ancient times, it was considered a…
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However, the term genocide was not formed until 1944. Literature has evidenced that genocide is any act committed with the intention to destroy completely or in partiality, a racial, an ethnic, a religious, or a national group.
The recorded genocides include 1904 in Namibia, 1915 in Armenia, 1932 in Ukraine, the 1944 Holocaust, 1975 in Cambodia, 1982 in Guatemala, 1994 Rwandese genocide, and the 1995 Bosnian genocide. This resulted in the signing of an international treaty to form the International Criminal Court that has the mandate to prosecute crimes of genocide. Under the international law, genocide is considered as a crime. In this perspective, the paper will discuss the genocide with reference to international law.
The effort to define genocide dates back to 18th century. According to Scott, various conventions tried to give formal statement of war crimes as well as laws of war. The Geneva Conventions were a series of international treaties concluded in Geneva between 1864 and 1949 with an aim of restructuring the impact of war on civilians, prisoners, and soldiers. In 1864, the international negotiations resulted in the Convention for the Amelioration of the Wounded in time of War. It stipulated that: immunity from capture as well as destruction of all establishments from the treatment of wounded soldiers, unbiased treatment and reception of all combatants, and protection of civilians giving aid to the wounded, in addition to recognizing the Red Cross symbol as a means establishing people and equipment covered by the agreement. In 1864 the convention was ratified by all major European powers. It was amended and extended by the second Geneva Convention in 1906. The provisions were applied to the maritime conflict via the Hague conventions of 1899 to 1907. They are the first multilateral treaties to address warfare conducts based on the Lieber Code. The codified law stipulated regulations, for example, in protection of civilians and
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The issue of piracy by the Somali pirates has been a contentious issue especially to the East African communities and also the international community (Walter 75). This has been facilitated by the fact that the Somali pirates have been linked with the Al-Qaida terror group (Ohaegbulam 104).
A decade into the new millennium and more and more women are looking for employment in Saudi Arabia. We are living in a modern time; there are economic pressures and extreme competitiveness for both sexes in the workplace.
States build fortresses to defend themselves from marching legions. With the same motive of self-preservation, states also forge alliances to help them ward off potential invaders. Fast forward to the 21st century, sovereign states are no longer threatened by wars waged by an invading enemy.
According to the paper, international laws in the UAE and Qatar considerably improved according to the world standards during past few years. The two countries gained economic profits by liberalizing the international trade regulations and labor migrant laws. The traditions of the UAE and Qatar face challenges in a rapidly globalizing environment.
Fifty one nations mulled together to find a solution and in majority they signed the charter in the city of San Francisco. It was in fact first treaty of its kind that achieved consensus on world peace. International law in this context has a lot to tell about its formulation and evolution thereafter1.
There was delegation of Chapter VII powers of the council to the US and the US was required to carry out coalition agreement for the two countries (Chesterman 23). During the coalition agreement, the council decided to rest case until the already initiated operation of Desert Storm had been cleared.
The core of International business is trades as defined by the Webster’s Universal Dictionary And Thesaurus (1993) as the “deal, exchange, sell, and traffic” of goods. Goods to be the legal subject of a business transaction must first be released by its
To the extent that it is a restatement of the customary law, the states that are yet to ratify the convention may still acknowledge it to be binding them. According to VCLT, a treaty is “an international agreement concluded between states
Such contracts are, in effect, illegal. The penalty for such contracts, if found guilty, is over $ 10,000,000 in the case of companies. However, other individuals are expected to pay over $350,000, or face a jail term of not more than three