Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Comparative criminal justice - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The German penal code is influenced by the concepts of Prussian law. It Criminal justice system is derived from the civil war, not common law such as the one used in the U.S. and Britain. According to German civil law, the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Comparative criminal justice
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparative criminal justice"

Comparative Criminal Justice In Germany law has been codified and is mostly federal. The German penal is influenced by the concepts of Prussian law. It Criminal justice system is derived from the civil war, not common law such as the one used in the U.S. and Britain. According to German civil law, the concepts behind its criminal justice system are not aimed at simply isolating criminals from the society, but rehabilitating them (Fairchild and Dammer 67). This is done through measures and programs such as work-release, and non-confinement punishments. The initial hearing of criminal cases is done at any of the three-tiered land system courts or local courts and the appellate or higher regional land courts. The rulings of the lower courts can be appealed in the highest court –the Federal Court of Justice. The judges of local courts are tasked with hearing of prosecutions that lead to a sentence of not more than one year, whereas cases deemed to be more serious or leading to a sentence of up to three years, the local court judges are assisted by two lay judges who are equivalent of a jury in the common law system. Criminal cases which have sentences of more than three years are heard in a Land Court and presided over by three judges assisted by six lay judges. Cases such as genocide or treason, and appeals from lower courts are heard in a Land court of appeal, and are presided by a five judge bench.
Japan’s criminal justice system, the penal code is based on the German model and are, therefore, very similar. The criminal procedure code guarantees the right of the accused and seems to be more accusatorial despite the fact that the judge is still allowed to question witnesses, and decide cases based on the evidence presented by both plaintiff and defendant.
On the other hand, Saudis criminal justice system is based on the sharia, specifically the Hanbali school of Sunni Islam (Fairchild and Dammer 65). This system gave prominence to the beliefs and sayings of Muhammad, the prophet and Islam traditions. Crimes such as homicide, adultery, theft, personal injury, and so on, are defined carefully with penalties prescribed for each. As opposed to the German model or the common law, crimes such as homicide are considered crimes against a person not society, and as such the state administers justice on its own liking. In fact, victim’s family or the victim has the right to prescribe punishment or grant clemency.
As opposed to German and Japanese criminal justice system, the Saudi criminal justice systems are based on concepts that are aimed at simply rendering punishment to criminals rather than rehabilitating them. The Chinese criminal justice system is also concerned more with reforming criminals and not retribution; as a result, death sentences are, surprisingly stayed in instances where a prisoner is considered to have reformed. One cross-cutting similarity in the criminal justice systems of all these four countries is in their procedures, in which the judgment of lower courts can be appealed in higher level courts. Additionally, it is clear that, their systems are coded and criminal offences have set penalties for each type; judges also seem to have the burden of making judgment based on evidence without the help of a jury as is in the common law.
Works Cited
Fairchild, Erika, and Harry R. Dammer. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. 2nd ed. Michigan: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2001. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Comparative criminal justice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2”, n.d.)
Comparative criminal justice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2. Retrieved from
(Comparative Criminal Justice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2)
Comparative Criminal Justice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2.
“Comparative Criminal Justice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparative criminal justice

International and comparative criminal justice

...? The Exclusion of Evidence Comparative Criminal Law Prof One of the most important principles in the criminal justice system is the reputation of the system. Nothing should be done that would put the administration of justice into disrepute. One of the key battlegrounds relating to this issue is the admission of evidence obtained in criminal investigations. Sometimes this evidence is excluded. In the words of The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, section 78, evidence is excluded if “having regard to all the circumstances, including the circumstances in which the evidence was obtained, the admission of the evidence would have such an adverse effect on the fairness of the proceedings that the court ought not to admit... of this model is...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

International Criminal Justice, Foundations of International and Comparative Criminal Justice

...International Criminal Justice, Foundations of International and Comparative Criminal Justice Discuss the role of victims in international criminal trials and suggest possible areas of reform. 'The world has become a smaller place for all of us. Today, the voices of millions of women, men and children from all over the globe whose basic human rights and freedom have been violated, even those in remote areas, travel fast over national boundaries, making their concerns our concerns also. No one is immune from serious human rights violations. Just as some innocent people are today's victims, we may be tomorrow's victims. Just as their basic universal human rights have been violated today, our same basic, universal human rights may... some...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay


...Running Head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS Comparison of Criminal Justice Systems By __________________ Criminal justice system is greatly affected by two concerns, the degree to which an offender is actually regarded as the weaker party in need of protection against the power of the state, and the way in which an offender is approached and treated by representatives of the state. Very important is the so-called 'large cities initiative' in places like Amsterdam and the USA in local government in which the rich are moving out of the cities and are creating ghettos for themselves, ghettos for the rich. Back in town are the ghettos for the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Comparative criminal justice

...Escobar, the late narcotic billionaire. Escobar was just a petty thief who started a drug distribution business which later evolved into an international drug smuggling empire. He became very rich and he owned fleets of boats and planes, various residences in Medellin. Violence is his main strategy and trademark so he made many enemies in Colombia and the United States. His vicious acts included murdering a popular politician and, planting a bomb on a plane which killed 110 people including two Americans. After that incident, the U.S. government decided to act decisively and put a public manhunt for Pablo. US military resources spanning from a massive electronic-surveillance effort to the cooperation of U.S. agencies characterized...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparative analysis

10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Comparative criminal justice

...Comparative Criminal Justice Corruption continues to be a serious crime that affects several countries in the world. However, since Transparency International started ranking countries using corruption perception index, the rate of crimes has decreased considerably. However, countries facing persistent poverty, political volatility, as well as high crime rates continue to portray high rates of corruption. The Transparency International uses Corruption Perception Index, which communicates the rate of corruption as perceived by businesspersons as well analysts in a country. In the 2007, Denmark, Bolivia, and Myanmar the countries whose crime rates will be compared in this paper were ranked at position 1, 105, and 179 respectively... . The...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparative criminal justice

...Sur Lecturer Comparative criminal justice The stages of becoming a barrister or "training for the bar" In order to become a barrister, the following stages are involved: academic stage, vocational stage or bar professional training, and pupilage stage Academic stage and its requirements for its successful completion The academic stage is the initial stage of training for a barrister. It is composed of a degree in Qualifying Law or an approved Graduate Diploma Course or a degree in a related subject supplemented by Common Professional Examination (CPE) The standard requirements for a successful completion of the course at an Academic stage are a 2:2 UK honors degree or its equivalent. This...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Comparative criminal justice

...Comparative Criminal Justice My impression of the prison websites that I visited is that they are very detailed and informative. After looking through each webpage, I fully understand the procedures, events, and what the overall life of the prisoners while incarcerated consists of. The three most interesting things that I learned by visiting these sites are the educational opportunities available to inmates, the options of healthy foods or foods catered to diets in lieu of typical prison meals, and the amount of concern that is provided should a prisoner have a complaint while they are in prison. I found these three aspects interesting because they aim at making a prison stay comfortable. While prisoners should not live in squalid...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Comparative criminal justice paper

...Comparative Criminal Justice Paper Comparative Criminal Justice Paper The role of comparative criminal justice, a majority of scholars would concur, is to compare and contrast people’s ways of reacting to crime with those practiced in another place (Dammer & Albanese, 2013). It also normally concerns, even though it does not essentially have to do so, adapting from, or at least attempting to study from, what is carried out in other regions (Dammer & Albanese, 2013). It would appear clear therefore that, if it is to be at all helpful, then comparison needs comprehension and interpreting what people in other areas are, in fact, trying to do. This paper offers an evaluation of the most central and important themes, as well as issues... of...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Examining Legal Traditions

...Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Examining Legal Traditions The Australian criminal justice systems are comprised of nine legal systems, eight territory systems and one federal system. The Australian constitution states that the commonwealth of Australia is for making laws. The state and territories have independent legislative powers. Australia has got one of the oldest continuous democracies in the world which was created in 1901. The Australian colonies had inherited an electoral from Britain. On the other hand china’s criminal justice system is only 20 years old. The imperial era ended in the year 1911 and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Comparative criminal justice for FREE!

Contact Us