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How might the problem of 'gang crime' in modern Britain be explained by (a) left realism (b) right realism (c) labelling theory Critically discuss whether any of these theories provide an adequate account of this problem.(Discuss all three theo - Essay Example

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A Gang can be described as a group of collective individuals who associate with one another under a recognized leadership and have a form of internal organizational structure who jointly or individually take part in illegal activities for the benefit of the group.1 From this…
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How might the problem of gang crime in modern Britain be explained by (a) left realism (b) right realism (c) labelling theory Critically discuss whether any of these theories provide an adequate account of this problem.(Discuss all three theo
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Extract of sample "How might the problem of 'gang crime' in modern Britain be explained by (a) left realism (b) right realism (c) labelling theory Critically discuss whether any of these theories provide an adequate account of this problem.(Discuss all three theo"

Download file to see previous pages There are three theories that have come into being that may enable one to achieve this endeavor namely, left realism, right realism and labeling theory.
The advocates of left realism argue that crime, which mostly affects the middle class members of society cannot be reduced by solutions that only serve to increase the repression of the perpetrator, but instead only help in making things worse. They argue that by repressing such individuals through things like the prison system and policies that are only designed to stifle their freedom will only make them turn to crime even more as they feel they have already been submitted to the worst that the government and correctional institutions have to offer and thus have nothing to lose.
The left realism advocates suggest for more solutions that are concentrated on rehabilitating the criminal rather than punishing them for their actions in order to reduce the level of crime that is rampant in the country.2 They suggest that this can be done by searching for better alternatives other than prisons, for example, community service and a reduction of the number of people who are sent to these correctional facilities. Using this theory, it can be argued that gang crime is only enhanced by the restrictive measures that are put in place by the correctional facilities and government policies that are made as these individuals join in the prisons and form alliances that continue once they are released.
Though the left realism advocates may have a valid point about trying to rehabilitate criminals rather than punish them, it should be noted that prisons are not the only source of gangs, and many individuals are incarcerated while they are already gang members so it would not serve to reduce the instances of gang crimes in the streets.3 On the contrary, their solutions may actually help to keep these gang ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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