Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do governments invest in elite sport A Polemic - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
However, the UK has spent over £300 million on elite sport in the 2009-2012 period (Carmichael et al, 2012), which means that it…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do governments invest in elite sport A Polemic
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do governments invest in elite sport A Polemic"

Download file to see previous pages To do this, Grix & Carmichael (2012) analyse previous literature on the topic to ascertain whether the reasons that are commonly provided for such large investments in elite sport are justified and have been scientifically proven to their standards. In turn, this essay will provide a thorough analysis of the article by using a summary and a strictly defined set of criteria that will show the contribution to knowledge that the article gives and the way that this can be incorporated into further research.
Grix and Carmichael (2012) have identified that elite sport has often had a huge amount of investment in many developed democracies, and this investment has not often been questioned or examined. The article suggests that the very reasons for high investment in elite sport, such as increasing participation in non-elite sport, are not often backed by substantial research and therefore the need for such levels of investment needs to be examined. Grix and Carmichael (2012) identify that the reasoning behind funding elite sport is based upon the ‘virtuous cycle of sport’, a term they use to refer to the thought that high levels of achievement in elite sport leads to a feel-good factor for the nation and higher levels of participation. They also argue that it is linked to the double pyramid theory, in that more people participating in sport in general will lead to the generation of more Olympic champions, which will in turn booster morale for the country and so on.
The rationale for investing in sport to promote participation seems like a strong argument, particularly as levels of activity are at an all-time low and obesity levels are rising (Carmichael et al, 2012), which in turn gives a higher amount of pressure on the National Health Service. Additionally, Grix and Carmichael (2012) identify the increase of community cohesion for those who participate in sport, but the argument here is that increasing funding ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Sport Management - Grix, J. And Carmichael, F. (2012), Why Do Essay)
“Sport Management - Grix, J. And Carmichael, F. (2012), Why Do Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do governments invest in elite sport A Polemic

Sport, Fitness and Management

...opportunities, helping the youth from poor backgrounds to gain the strength to seek a better life, believe in the world, and most importantly believe in their abilities. This is why I chose to participate in planning, preparing and coaching football to young children. References BBC News 2005, Referees want to use technology. Available from: [1 October 2011]. Garland, J., Malcolm, D., & Rowe, M. 2000, The future of football: challenges for the twenty-first century, Frank Cass Publishers, London. Ghosh, P. R. 2010 June 15, World Cup's Economic Impact On South Africa Likely Muted In Short-Term. Available from:...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Ethical Dilemma of Illegal Immigrant Seeking Treatment

6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Sport Development

...of the investments made on public funds for their sport and will therefore assume greater responsibility for release of the consequences. They will then develop plans for whole-sports showing their intended pathways towards the delivery of the consequences after which sport England will offer grants for the execution of these plans with a reduction of bureaucratic process to ensure speedy delivery of the grants (Gratton and Taylor 2000p46). The national governing bodies will also be expected to present successful undertakings and utilize high standard performance in organising for their internal management and ensure democratic...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Management in sport industry

..., the aristocratic sports had emerged in the USA for developing sports alongside the ‘English Club’ approach but were unsuccessful. During 19th century, the rich elite clubs were developed but were unable to establish their position in the USA sports culture unlike clubs in England and Europe. In the year 1871, a group was developed for specialized baseball players named ‘National Association of Professional Baseball Players’ and ripped the traditional club system. The body was then renamed to ‘National League of Professional Baseball Players’ by William Hulbert in the year 1876. His strong leadership and administration was known as the base for major improvement in the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Sport Tourism

...event as the spending power is normally high. The presence of high performance sports people is a form of inspiration to the youths of a nation such as Canada. The hosting nation also receives a major facelift on its infrastructural set up. Although supporters of Olympic Games do argue that the benefits are much more that the negative effects, still such a sporting event must bring problem of overcrowding, targets of hooliganism that includes terrorist activities, increased taxes and cost of living due to high spending and ready market for products and services. The Games also disrupts the normal systems of a country as it is common to find diversion of roads and in most cases schooling...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Sport Management

...which is the individual’s action to satisfy that need and then comes Consequence. Consequence is supported by reinforcement theory which emphasizes on the outcome of the individual after the action takes place. Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction then determines in the end the degree to which the needs are met and whether the person is motivated or de-motivated to do that action. (Jackson, 2012) (McClelland, 1988) References: Lussier, R., & Kimball, D. (2008). Applied Sport Management Skill. USA: Thomson Riley, P. (2007). The Winner Within: A Life Plan for Team Players. USA: Berkley Trade Boeree, C. (n.d.). Personality Theories. Retrieved from...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sport and Recreation Management

...activities, sport and physical recreation activities, home-based leisure, countryside recreation activities as well as arts and entertainment. Notably, these components accommodate various activities and experiences that derive leisure to people of all cultures, social classes, and ages that include children, youth, adults, families, and senior members of the society (Cohen-Gewerc 1999). However, the understanding of the importance of leisure has been vivid and governments have been investing in ventures aimed at deriving a clear understanding on leisure time. As such, companies and government institutions have been encouraging workers to derive and utilize leisure time...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Governance (Sport)

..., D. R. & Cannella, A. A. (2003). Corporate governance: Decades of dialogue and data. Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 371-382. De Zwart, F. B. & Gilligan, G. (2006). The relationship between good governance and sustainability in Australian sport. Retrieved from Delaney, J. T. & Huselid, M. A. (1996). The impact of human resource management practices on perceptions of organizational performance. Academy of Management journal, 39(4), 949-969. Donaldson, T. & Preston, L. E. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the...
15 Pages(3750 words)Literature review

Controversy in Sport Management

...Sports Management al Affiliation) Should the National College Athletic Association pay athletes Among the current controversies that surround the sports management is whether National College Athletic Association (NCAA) should pay athlete students for playing or not. To begin with, the National College Athletic Association has its own reasons why student athletes should not receive payment. On the other hand, students disagree with NCAA by arguing out that there are reasons as to why they should be paid (Zimbalist, 2006). The National College Athletic Association is a nonprofitmaking body that controls all college athletics (Zimbalist,...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Drugs and Sport

...with the example, therefore, a healthy body is in linkage with healthy mind. As far as the human body engages itself in physical training like exercise, the mind remains fresh and functions properly. Keeping in view of this fact and giving importance to physical fitness, governments of various nations have initiated plans to promote sports activities and physical education so that more and more people can participate in various sports such as football, hockey, cricket, and gymnastics to keep them fully fit. Although the governments fully plan to provide sports services to the local population of the country, however, they surely invest...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sport Management - Grix, J. and Carmichael, F. (2012), Why do governments invest in elite sport A Polemic for FREE!

Contact Us