The names of the obligatory prayers are fajr, zuhr, asr, maghrib and isha. Basically, it consists of recitations from the Holy Quran and glorification of Allah accompanied by various postures, through…
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Prayer serves myriad purposes such as teaching self-discipline that is required to perform prayer regularly and at proper times, to perform ablution that precedes prayer. Prayer is the central point of the life of a Muslim, which enables him to maintain a strong link with their Lord or continue his inner struggle against temptation. These aspects remind a Muslims of the limited and temporary nature of this worldly life and the certainty of death and life to come. Thus, it enables a Muslim to maintain a balance between the needs and claims of this life and the Hereafter (Brockopp 156).
Similarly, Jews also perform prayer (Tefilah) three times a day: morning, afternoon and evening. Like Muslims, they believe that prayer should be performed with utmost concentration as it reminds them of God’s presence and countless blessings. Primarily, Jewish prayers are recited in Hebrew like Muslim prayers are recited in Arabic. However, Jewish prayers can be offered in any vernacular language, as Jews believe that God can understand them regardless of the language used. Jewish prayer is usually performed in a group of at least ten people called ‘minyan’. In contrast, though congregational prayers are considered more meritorious for Muslims; however, there is no barrier to praying singly. Similarly, like Islamic prayers, concentration (kavanah), and mindset that one is conversing with God is a pre-requisite for Jewish prayers. Jews believe that daily prayers direct their soul, heart, and mind away from everyday matters towards God. It reminds them of their core beliefs and intensifies their bond with God. Thus, the fundamental purposes and significance of prayers in Islam and Judaism is the
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In Islam there is a strong belief among Muslims that there is a life after death and that had Heaven and Hell exists. The belief that there is an afterlife has led the Islamic faith to compartmentalize their thoughts and beliefs into three basic principles which are 1) The Unity of God, 2) Prophecy and 3) Eschatology.
When he was 40 years Mohammed was given the Quran by an angel. It is the Quran that shapes the Islam religion. It grew stronger during their journey to Medina. It was during the journey when they were forced to peace by the Quran. Up to date Muslims still adhere to the Quran and see Mohamed as a deity in their religion1.
In the world where people of many communities and cultural belongings have come together to become a part of separate global villages it is impossible to survive in harmony without being tolerant towards the beliefs of the others. These beliefs of others may seem to be in opposition to one’s own beliefs; yet, tolerance is the only option available and the only path that is desirable in a multicultural world.
It is implied that all believers are equal in the eyes of God and nothing but good deeds are potential of elevating one person above another (Quran 4:124, cited in Al-Adl, 2007). The message of equality also stresses the Muslims to think of Non-Muslims as their equals and not unnecessarily participate in activities potential of messing things up as God despises those who wreak havoc on the Earth for their personal satisfaction.
The importance that Sufism gives to the master figure is also accused of negative results. The shaykh, viewed as most infallible among his admirers and disciples, has the ability to gain dangerous political influence and authority, especially for those in the rural areas who are illiterate who are very reliant on the saint.
Islam uses Quran whose text is considered sacred as it contains lessons of Allah as revealed through the Prophet. Islam is divided into Sunni and Shi’a, both of which differ in the way of sustaining Islam authority but share the common belief that Allah is the only God.
On the other hand, the negatives include the fact that some Muslims are extremists and hence they tend to have their say within the religious and cultural issues, even at the workplace domains (Reid 1996).
Some employees feel threatened by the presence of
Judaism on the other hand, is among Abrahamic religions whose founding prophet is Moses. Jews believe that Moses was chosen by God to serve him and his people. For instance, he delivered Israelites from bondage in Egypt. After roving in desert
They have rites and rituals that must be adhered to whenever the ceremony is underway. For instance, wearing of jewellery is not allowed during this period. Sexual acts during the duration of the rituals should also not be conducted.
The author states that while it is a consensus that the rights bestowed to women by the prophet Mohammad and in the Quran were a significant improvement compared to the condition of women in Arabia before the beginning of Islam, the Muslim culture has drastically transformed to include the demands of women in the modern society.
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