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Anthropology - Essay Example

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In his book, “Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory” Larson argues that, a scientific theory is a hypothesis supported with valid testing that gives enough evidences of a phenomenon. It based on continuously confirmed tests and observation. Scientists…
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Anthropology
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Scientific Theory In his book, “Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory” Larson argues that, a scientific theory is a hypothesis supported with valid testing that gives enough evidences of a phenomenon. It based on continuously confirmed tests and observation. Scientists formulate scientific theories from arguments and assumptions that are accurately tested through scientific methods that comprise of enough evidences that proof the test applicability. Scientific theories are inductive in the sense that, they do not only make invalid propositions but aim at giving predictive arguments. Scientific theories are accurate, comprehensive, and reliable aspect of the scientific knowledge, which is different from the theory definition that explains its common usage of something that exploratory or unproven.
When there are evidences to support the hypothesis, the testing changes its name to a theory, which becomes a convincing justification of the phenomena. As mentioned earlier, when a theory is used in non-scientific perspective it refers to something, which is speculative or unproven. However, when used in the scientific context, it refers to a model based on experimentation, reasoning, observation, and one that is confirmed and tested as a principle that clarify and forecast natural phenomena.
Typically, a scientific theory should base its concept on a rational and careful examination of facts that can be measured and observed for evidences purposes. This is because although scientists may have different analysis of the experiments observations and outcomes, the facts of the scientific method cannot change. For a theory to be a scientific theory, it should be tested regularly by different scientists in different places and should pass the test when tested. Still, it should fit in other scientific theories of difference branches such as chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy, geology among others. In this case, a scientific theory in one of the mentioned branch should hold the truth in other branches of science. For instance, atomic theory of matter was discovered in physics. However, it was later applied in other branches of sciences such as chemistry through chemicals used, biology on the living tissue, rocks learnt in geology, and planets studied in astronomy. With this in mind, it stands out that the atomic theory of matter hold true in all branches of science.
The following are lists of major scientific theories with no invalidity when tested. These are atomic theory of matter, cell theory, evolution theory, and galactic theory of astronomy. These are scientific theories as they have facts that support the validity of its phenomena.
Following this, evolution fit the definition of a scientific theory in that it is a theory repeatedly tested by researchers and affirmed by strong evidences. At this point, evolution is a theory that has rigorously tested and affirmed by overwhelming evidence thus can be used to clarify natural phenomenon. Still, biologists affirm that evolution is a fact that is in a similar way to gravity. This is because evolution mechanisms are less understood and these mechanisms explored by several theories of evolution. With this regard, evolution may be a fact as it interpreted in various ways by different people but does not change the assumption.
Works Cited
Larson, Edward J. Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory. New York: Modern Library, 2004. Print. Read More
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