U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Since the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, American government concentrated on tightening the national security by curbing the constraints of law enforcement agencies regarding collection of intelligence within the boundaries of the country. The Patriot Act was passed to…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence"

Download file to see previous pages The attacks demolished the world trade center, which was regarded as a unique nucleus of international trade established in New York City, and took away 2,749 innocent lives. The attacks shook the pillars of the national security of United States of America and questioned the operation and functioning of the intelligence of the country. Following the day of attack, President George Bush immediately declared war on terrorism with his speech, “The United States of America will use all our resources to conquer this enemy” (Kam & Wong, 2006, p. 380). Later, on investigation it was revealed that two of the terrorist pilots gained flying training at the Huffman Aviation International in Venice, Florida, in September 2000. These men entered the United States of America on a visitor’s visa. It was further analyzed that the applications of these men were changed from the visitor to those of vocational students which were processed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Another pilot infiltrated the country on October 9, 2000 with an F-1 student visa for the purpose of studying English at English as a second language (ESL) center in California, USA. In this case it was also revealed that the student never attended the institute and the institute never reported about the missing student.
With this background information it could be said that the country was suffering from inefficient intelligence operation and management. In fact legitimate questions arose regarding the intelligence operation of the nation. In the aftermath of the 9/11 disaster, America witnessed the tightening of the trajectories of homeland security and enforcement of amended and new laws with stricter policies towards immigration and emigration. But it has been also questioned as to what extent the laws were feasible in the context of the protection of the civil ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1602765-usa-patriot-act-foreign-intelligence-surveillance-act-and-the-future-of-domestic-intelligence
(U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Essay)
“U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1602765-usa-patriot-act-foreign-intelligence-surveillance-act-and-the-future-of-domestic-intelligence.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (F.I.S.A.) court

...Improvement and Enhancement Act of 2006 (S. 3001) asserting FISA as the exclusive means to conduct foreign intelligence surveillance. In July 18th 2006 the Electronic Surveillance Modernization Act constituted by Senator Heather Wilson was put into action and it allowed for the president to run “electronic surveillance of international phone calls and e-mail potentially related to classify terrorist groups proximately following or in expectation of an armed or terrorist attack on the United States. Surveillance outside the original official period would necessitate a FISA warrant or a...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Domestic and Foreign Intelligence Services

... Intelligence: The Good and the Bad. Retrieved April 13, 2012, from http://www.policymic.com/articles/1266/u-s-dependency-on-foreign-intelligence-the-good-and-the-bad Posner, R. A. (2005). Remaking Domestic Intelligence. Stanford: Hoover Press. Vitkauskas, D. (1999). The Role of a Security Intelligence Service in a Democracy. Retrieved April 13, 2012, from http://www.nato.int/acad/fellow/97-99/vitkauskas.pdf... Domestic and Foreign Intelligence Services Introduction Intelligence Services play important roles to national governments across the globe since they offer essential information that is used to make key decisions in relation to national security threats. National...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Patriot Act

...to fortify the measures and reinforce the available tools to deal with domestic and international terrorism. It also provides a number of new techniques to the Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation and federal prosecutors (Jenks). Under these interventions, the US agencies can identify and prosecute terrorist networks at the national and international levels. Central to the US PATRIOT Act is its unique feature of streamlining communications between the different agencies addressing terrorism and terrorist activities. This Act has simplified the task of investigation and surveillance, by introducing less involved...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Patriot Act

...as freezing of their funds in connivance with the countries that are in league with America against war on terror (Whitehead & Aden, 2002). The strict American Laws make it impossible for a suspected terrorist to enter in the US for sabotaging the national assets / endangering the life of common citizens. The new act enhanced the capability of law enforcement / intelligence agencies to fight terrorism in an effective manner (Whitehead & Aden, 2002). The patriot act in fact provides protection to American people against domestic and foreign terrorism. It describes the official version of domestic terrorism. According to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

...to protect the United States against potential or actual attack and/or sabotage or acts of international terrorism. Under FISA was also established the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, a special U.S. Federal court that holds nonpublic hearings in order to issue search warrants under FISA. Proceedings before the FISC are ex parte, implying that the government is the only part present. However, in the year 2001, an important Amendment was made to the Act under the USA PATRIOT Act in order to encompass terrorist groups who don’t work on behalf of any foreign Governments and are...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...and the American Response 2002). The main disadvantages of the Patriot Act are privacy violations, surveillance and information sharing, increased Governmental Secrecy, not targeted on terrorism. "The USA PATRIOT Act contains a number of provisions that may be used by federal law enforcement authorities to seize and forfeit the assets of terrorist organizations, assets that are derived from terrorist acts, and assets that are intended to be used to commit terrorist acts in the future" (Cassella 2002, p. 7). To some extent, love of country presses us to feel the oppression that some of our fellows endure...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Patriot Act

..., it is conceivable that a person could be prosecuted as a terrorist if that person played a part, however unintentionally, or is present while another person is injured while making a political statement. The Justice Department insists that individuals cannot be arrested if they are involved in a peaceful protest. The Department claims that domestic terrorism regulations instituted by the PATRIOT Act “is limited to conduct that breaks criminal laws (which results) in death and was committed with the intent to commit terrorism” (Ward, 2002). The ‘intent to commit terrorism’ is an ambiguous phrase open to wide interpretation as are many aspects of the Act which causes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

...AN ANALYSIS OF THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE ACT: Introduction The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act refers to the United States Federal Law first enacted in 1978. The law lays out the procedures to be followed in the process of physically and electronically surveilling individuals suspected of terrorist activities1. In addition, it also prescribes the procedures of collecting foreign intelligence information shared between agents of foreign powers and the foreign powers. The law, prior to the September 11...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

...a chance for manipulation by certain parties in order to gain unfair control as regards to the effective implementation of the Act. In the end, it is apparent of good intentions by the Act as it made to ensure protection of national security. As such, enhancement of the implementation of the Act is bound to prove crucial in the wellbeing of the United States of America4. Bibliography Baker, Thomas. "FISA the Law by Sections." FISA. http://santiagojervisdesdeusa.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default (accessed September 23, 2014). Bazan, Elizabeth. "The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act." The Foreign...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...agencies to specifically identify whatever they are looking for. Section 6001 on the other hand allows a secret surveillance on foreigners suspected to be affiliated to terror groups. Such an authorization can lead to abuse and a breach on the human rights of the individuals concerned. However, there are others who argue that the Patriot Act has played a significant role in reducing terrorism (Scherer, 2006). For example, Title 1 advocates for the protection of civil rights and liberties. It allows the secret service to create an electronic crime prevention force, whose main aim is to prevent the occurrence of crime. Title II allows the law enforcement agencies to carry...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence for FREE!

Contact Us