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This embarrassed Germany to a point of grudge. In the case of Italy, factions who were against its involvement during the First World War blamed its regime for taking part on the costly war that crippled their economy and prestige.
However, both German Nazism and Italian Fascism had different goals and treatment on how they run their government and national affairs. Italian Fascism seeks to create an organic state by incorporating all aspects of national society. The focus was an economically self-sustaining and expanding empire with a strong and unified society. This was seen during Benito Mussolini’s initial act to create a strong government by uniting all political factions for national progress. Macdonald (1999) stated that, “Mussolini set up the Fascist Grand Council to work alongside the government Council of Ministers which included non-Fascists” (p.20). The goal of Italian Fascism was to try to restore Italy’s old glory while expanding its sphere of influence in Europe and its neighboring regions. This resulted to Italy’s early invasion of North Africa and Ethiopia during the opening stages of the Second World War.
German Nazism also aims for national development and progress. In the case of Nazism, however, the way toward this goal was through their idea of a purity of race. In the eyes of Nazism under Adolf Hitler, Germany was in ruins because the Jews in Germany never took part in the First World War for Germany. Hitler also considered the Jews, who were mostly prominent businessmen and merchants, to have weakened German economy by making a fortune only for themselves. At the same time, German Nazism also abhorred the Slavic people and communists. Homosexuals and gypsies were looked down upon as a lesser group of people compared to the German populace. Hitler had a special hatred for the Jews though, and this fueled his sense of
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Nazis believed that Jews have no one-basic ideology and movement whereas on the other hand, to preserve their own existence Jews were associated with various other movements and ideologies (Mosse). Nazi ideology was seriously confronted by nationalism and its supporters.
Propaganda during wartime attempts to prepare people to adjust to abnormal conditions and adapt their objectives and norms or morals to accommodate the demands of the war. In order to achieve this, propagandists use conventional visual codes such as postcards established in mass culture.
However, one of the deciding factors of all what happened in that century was an ideology called “Fascism”. This idea was brought forward by Adolf Hitler who contributed to the growth of Germany economically and militarily and eventually started Second World War.
This could be considered to be the reason that there were differences that could be found within the followers of the religion from location to location. These differences, however, were not exactly huge and defining in a way that would make the practices seem like a different religion altogether however they could still be noted.
The theme that ties these works all together is the fact that fascism did exist, but, can the alignment that has been cast with the Nazi party and their embracement of the fascist ideology should really be exonerate or embraced.
As there can be no single defining justification for the term attached to just about any evidence in history, Paxton wrote that "no single definition can do the problem justice, but Paxton does come up with something very useful.
Totalitarian governments are authoritarian but go a step further in tempting to control thought, morality and lifestyle through a dominant and total ideology seeking to destroy civil society, community and individualism. Fascist regimes are also authoritarian and states who seek to govern with the ideology in general are focused on preparing its society for armed conflict in order to expand the nation state and its borders.
Germany was forced by the Allies to accept its defeat in war and it also had to sign the Treaty of Versailles, which was very harsh for the Germans as it would have to pay for reparations, lose all territories and almost become incapable for another war as it had to take full responsibility for the previous war, World War I (Trueman, 2000).
States have moved from totalitarianism to become democratic, showing their concern for the people and embracing human rights and freedoms. Totalitarianism was not an unusual practice in Europe in the 20th century, and Nazi Germany
According to the report fascism in Europe at first developed as an intellectual movement which came into existence as a result of disillusionment of individuals over democratically elected governments which did not deliver on their promises of prosperity. It was highly organized and helped countries which had undergone humiliation.