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alcolm Knowles was one of the most active adult educators who claimed that learning contracts is the best tool in achieving study goals he sets out for adult learners. Even though contract learning might be one of the most valuable tools for learning in adults it is not always the most useful. In those cases where learners do not have much knowledge about their subject, its depths and its prospects, students are not in a very sound position to make strategies and commitments about the goals they set for themselves in a contract.
The main objective of contract learning for Knowles was structuring the learning process in its best and most fruitful way where the content of the educational material is replaced by the process. Students get involved in the study process and they comprehend everything with an active approach. Contract learning puts a sense of responsibility on student and they feel more in control of what they would want to learn instead of feeling ‘being stuck’ with studies. Contract learning is also effective in student groups comprising of students with different backgrounds. This tool reduces the problems due to such difference in
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As the report, Ideal VLEs in Higher Education, stresses E-learning has to provide an educational knowledge similar to that of a lecture with a considerate and well-resourced instructor to huge numbers of students from geographically scattered as well as ‘socially diverse settings’. The use of VLEs varies among institutes, faculties, courses.
Introduction Without appropriate paradigms of useful strategy for teaching and learning in adult education, universities and colleges will keep on facing difficulties.One of the major challenges to higher education is dealing with the stereotypes about adult learners.
The government of Australia has been putting policies to ensure that raises the number of adults who have a university degree to 40 per cent by 2025, by increasing the number of people that are enrolled in higher learning institutions. This decision may have been informed by the demand by employers for employees with university degrees.
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2. Boundary Maintenance: This aspect is depicted through the perceived barrier between the authority and knowledge manifested by the educators, vis-à-vis those of the participants, or the out-of-school
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If one is to assess the English of their students, they should stop using the language of white middle class children as the gauge of proper English. If a child is a poor African American from a different cultural setting than that of
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