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Atmospheric Water Generation: A solution to the Middle East and North Africa's Water Problems - Literature review Example

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Middle-East Asia and North Africa (MENA) is one of most strategically located regions of the world, from various perspectives including political, economical, social as well as spiritual, with far-reaching changes mainly initiated and actualized by a single product – oil. As…
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Atmospheric Water Generation: A solution to the Middle East and North Africa's Water Problems

Download file to see previous pages... dle-Eastern context by stating, Water is the biological and ecological sine qua non, and water shortages doubtless could severely impact everyday lives of Middle Eastern people.
The basic crux of the water problem is its geographical location. Juub & Azzam (qtd. in Zereini & Jaeschke 2004, p.354) spells out how MENA belongs generally to the arid and semi arid areas of the world, characterised by low rainfall, high temperature and evapotranspiration. Allan (2002) adds by providing a key fact, as Middle East is very poorly endowed with freshwater, the region has ran out of water resources even to meet its domestic and industrial use as well as for food production, in 1970 itself. The seriousness of water problem is further underlined by Saif (2008, p.2) by providing a dubious fact, that is, the MENA region has 5 percent of the world’s population and occupies 10 percent of the geographical region, but only has less than 1 percent of renewable freshwater resources. This fact about minimal water resources makes it clear that it is ‘natural’ for MENA to face water problems.
These naturally occurring reasons were further accentuated by human ‘caused’ factors. Freshwater sources shortage has been the norm for many centuries, but these sources are pushed beyond limit because of the rapid population growth and ambitious development programs of the different countries in the region (Ju’ub & Azzam qtd. in Zereini & Jaeschke 2004, p.355). This increase in population has been a 20th century phenomenon and is expected to exceed 850 million by 2025 (Clarke & Fisher 1972; Beaumont 2002). So, if the projections of Beaumont (2002) actualize, then there will be more strain on the available water resources.
Optimal industrial or infrastructural or economical development is also the reason for tough water situation. Although Hakura (qtd. in International Monetary Fund 2003, p.66) state that over the past two decades, economic growth in the MENA region has been weaker than ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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