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Thurgood Marshall was a strong supporter of Martin Luther King and his efforts to liberate the black community from suppression. He has supported the anti-colonial struggles in Asia and Africa. In fact he has travelled the African countries in order to extend his support to the anti-colonial movements. At the same time he supported America’s involvement in the military conflicts with North Korea and Vietnam. Even though many of the Americans opposed the Vietnam War, Marshall was a strong supporter of Vietnam War as the Solicitor General and as a Supreme Court Justice. Many people believe that Marshall supported Vietnam War in order to avoid a possible clash between American judiciary and Executive or Legislative branches. Moreover, he was a strong opponent of communism which was another reason for the his support to Vietnam War.
“Justice Marshall was an unyielding opponent of capital punishment, and voted to overturn every death sentence that came before the Court. He proved as strong a champion of freedom of expression as he had been for civil rights” (The Legacy of Thurgood Marshall, p11). Marshall’s effort to stop capital punishment has not been succeeded. Even then he has expressed his strong protest against capital punishment many times. In his opinion, human has no authority to take the life of a person even though it is necessary to punish the criminals. In his opinion, only the creator has the sole right over the life of his creations. At the same time he was a strong advocate of freedom of expression and civil rights.
It was Marshall’s belief that government and society must permit each individual to achieve the limits of his or her intellectual and creative ability; to eliminate artificial barriers of bias, prejudice, arbitrary authority or paternalism and to the proposition that the ordinary person, whatever his or her color or sex, needs the protection of law (Shah)
He has witnessed many incidents in American society itself with
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They are widely respected and yet they come to the job with diverse backgrounds and politics. The methods they use to interpret the Constitution often cause widespread controversy and discussion. Two of the justices that are most divisive are Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas.
It aims at protecting the citizens of America against unreasonable search and seizures. The Objective of the Fourth Amendment was to curb the misuse of ‘writ of assistance’ in the American Revolution that amounted to a type of general search warrant (Dripps, 2007).
In the U.S.A, for example, this court comprises of chief justice and a panel of eight justices. The sitting president does nomination and the senate confirms the appointees. Over many years, the manner in which the supreme courts carry out their duties has experienced drastic changes demanding amendments of laws to fit the changing ways of life.
This observance of this constitutional right gains greater significance if the government interest sought to be served by the administrative decision is lacking in urgency and importance. In this discussion, a brief account of the facts of the case is presented, followed by a discussion of the qualification of the case for judicial review pursuant to the ripeness, standing, exhaustion of remedies, and primary jurisdiction.
In his 26 years of service on the highest court in the land, Scalia has significantly promoted conservatism ideology in his verdicts, rooting for textualism in constitutional analysis and originalism in the interpretation of laws of the country (Scalia and Ring 8).
Born on June 23, 1948 in Pin Point, Georgia he spent his early life in Savanna, Georgia and was educated Holy Cross College where he majored in English as well as being active in social causes such as campaigns for civil rights and the protest against the American War in Vietnam.
Thurgood was named Thoroughgood Marshall by his parents after his great-grandfather who was a former slave in the Civil War for Union Army (United States Postal Service, “Thurgood Marshall”). He changed his name later to Thurgood. His father, William Canfield Marshall was a railroad porter and a chief steward in a club of white people of America.
Specifically, his grandfather was a slave. Mershall’s father had the American interests at heart and at a tender age, he instilled his son the appreciation of the American constitutions and laws. While in Lincoln University, most students distinguished him as an African-American who understood the American society and worked hard to promote equality in poems and speeches.
According to the report Civil Rights Movement the Supreme Court ruling established that segregation was not legal, and set into motion a series of subsequent events, many manipulated by the participants of the Civil Rights movement, that caused states to rescind segregation both in law and in practice.
This bias continues to have a damaging impact on minority communities, in political, economic and social terms. As a 2008 report by the Sentencing Project makes clear, ‘Racial disparity challenges the basic values upon which the criminal justice system rests’
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