Congestive heart failure (CHF) currently afflicts over 4.7 million Americans, and every year 550,000 individuals develop CHF with an incidence rate of 10 per 1,000 after age 65 (American Heart Association, 2002). Congestive heart failure accounts for about 7% or 523 billion of…
Download file to see previous pages...
In addition, there is a decrease in kidney filtration resulting in fluid retention and shortness of breath. If CHF is not optimally treated, a sharp decline in health can occur followed by sudden death. Global treatment of the disease including a proper medication regimen, muitidisciplinary patient education, and regular exercise have been shown to increase functional capacity and quality of life, while decreasing hospital admissions for CHF.
A primary treatment of CHF is through a proper medication regimen. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is used to treat high blood pressure, the main contributor to heart failure (Meyer, 2001). Previously, CHF patients were instructed to rest and avoid exercise in order to postpone disease progression and to promote diuresis induced by bed rest (Sullivan & Hawthorne, 1996). However, exercise, although not prescribed for heart failure patients until the late 1980s, has produced positive physiological changes. Regular exercise increases the blood flow to the working muscle, reduces ventilation for each given workload, and improves skeletal muscle overall function (biochemical and histological aspects), causing the neurohormonal activity to normalize (catecholemines) (Parnell, Hoist, & Kaye, 2002). These benefits, incurred from exercise, improved quality of life scores among CHF patients (Oka et al, 2000; Weber et al, 2000). Exercise training is also responsible for producing significant increases in systemic arterial compliance in just eight weeks, an important contribution to cardiac afterload (arterial resistance encountered by blood as it leaves the left ventricle of the heart) (Parnell, Hoist, & Kaye, 2002). Furthermore, exercise may reduce the risk of death for CHF patients, just as it does for patients who have coronary artery disease (McKelvie, Teo, & McCartney, 1995). In addition, programs which
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Motivations and Deisions for Special Populations to Exercise Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1571329-motivations-and-deisions-for-special-populations-to-exercise
(Motivations and Deisions for Special Populations to Exercise Research Paper)
“Motivations and Deisions for Special Populations to Exercise Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1571329-motivations-and-deisions-for-special-populations-to-exercise.
Socialized aggression (Sage Pub, n.d) Similar to conduct disorders, except that these behaviors are manifested in the company of others Truancy from school Gang membership Stealing Lying 2. What is a manifestation determination? How does it relate to students with exceptional needs?
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), when vulnerable population was compared with the common population, major differences has been recognized in terms of morbidity, disease incidence, mortality, prevalence and rate of survival (Kartikeyan, 2007).
AS being researched, the need of special education should be prioritized by the government and of each state. In Texas, there are a lot of schools that offers special education. The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired is actually one of those that are credited.
Additionally, they use specially designed materials and equipments, as well as accessible settings that help the students attain the set standards of individual self sufficiency and excel both in school and community. All these aspects are designed for better performance than would have been the case if the students were taught in typical classroom environments.
District courts can be considered as some of the typical examples, which exemplify special courts at the federal level. There may be different titles accorded to these courts at the state level, which may include municipal court, county court, trial court, as well as the circuit court.
as gained popularity particularly in the health sector and community based organizations (Levin & McEwan, 2000) .However, cost benefit perspective is an economic situation that involves analyzing business decisions. The benefits of the activity related action are collected and
and Causal Cognition and Situational Salience and Cultural Differences in the Correspondence Bias and Actor –Observer Bias are used to describe how different cultural context might play a role in attribution.
Norenzayan and nisbett talk about East Asians community and
Proper adaptation of the body to exercise is vital in determining the way an athlete or individual performs. Inappropriate nutrition may reverse numerous gains resulting from proper nutrition. Various studies have