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Greater detail, analysis and sensitivity are prescribed when quality is the key element of project completion. This means processing controls, implementation and constant appraisal of the project phases to keep on track. Implementing total quality begins with an accurate definition of the project and its critical limitations; then it is followed by estimating task durations and resources in a work breakdown structure. Tracking progress, reporting problems and altering the plan of action, requires the application of several project management tools. If it must be noted, persistence and effort is expected in the commitment of TQM. It is thought that ‘when a plan has not been followed, the plan was a waste in the first place’ (Leavitt et al, 1994).
Figure 1 and 2 present the crucial aspects required to achieve quality in project management. The first emphasizes on importance of active participation of different entities or the involvement in acquiring relevant feedback important in improving the project. The second figure shows the role of leadership and organisation culture in the process of change.
Globalisation has caused changes in project structures and authority levels, becoming more equalising but requiring a broadened sectoral participation. Thus efficient project management skills are required. With the urgency to be on time and in budget, coordination is repeatedly used through the application of project management tools. It can be said that modern project management is relatively new, as it has been used widely in most sectors in the recent 1990s (Uluocak, 2009).
This study applies the varying tools in Total Quality in Project Management, specifically in the second part of the vertical phased project of the Bentall Centre 5. To highlight the technical skill, the work breakdown structure and earned value
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Avon Company, Inc is a global organization that has subsidiaries all over the world (see Appendix 1, Fig. 1). The current CEO is Andrea Jung, ironically the first female CEO for the company who was appointed in 1999. The company is a public company and was incorporated in 1886 as the California Perfume Company when it was founded.
On the global perspective, Agrium Inc is a major player in wholesale production and marketing of three major agricultural products, namely, agricultural nutrients, industrial products and specialty fertilizers.
Apple has earned an exceptional reputation in consumer electronics business. It is ranked as the third largest mobile phone maker and is the largest technology company in terms of revenues and profits. Apple fulfills its motto “Think Different” by introducing innovative products and as a result captures consumer loyalty.
Today, Starbucks Corporation is a huge profit making company in coffee business, earning in excess of $600 million in 2004. The financial status of the company is firm. The net income for financial year 2010 was US$ 945.6 million (Please see Appendix). Everyone is afraid of the economy drowning.
Starbucks Company has short term objectives that help achieve long term objectives. Increasing customer service is a short term objective that Starbucks Company puts into action by training managers and employees to handle different situations that may arise and how to handle them.
In this case, this role commence with identification of performance standards, which is based on leaders’ understanding of expectations at given leadership levels. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of strategic leaders’ role in formation of performance management, there is a need to undertake a situation analysis, self-evaluation, and competitor analysis, which is undertaken at internal and external levels; besides, it should be undertaken at both micro and macro environmental levels (Bleak & Fulmer, 2009).
Founded in 1964 and originally known as Blue Ribbon Sports (BRS), Nike was named in 1971 after the Greek winged Goddess of victory. The sneakers and sportswear manufacturer has its headquarters in Oregon, United States. (Nikebiz, 2009)
Nike faced problems with its Chinese manufacturers last year, who produce 1/3 of Nike's shoes and a large proportion of Nike equipments and apparel as well.
Boeing Corporation is the second-largest aerospace and defense contractor in the world. In addition to that, it is the largest exporter in the United States. It is well known worldwide as it deals with many responsibilities. Ethical, legal and social responsibilities are the major factors that have an impact on management planning.
The desire by the organization to reflect more accurately on the demographic diversity of United States population is another propelling factor too. The Strategic planning for diversity is a development which is
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