Nearly fifty years ago, psychologist Stanley Milgram embarked on a series of experiments that yielded results becoming one of the cornerstones of social psychology. Milgram (1961) was able to demonstrate the nature of obedience, more specifically, how obedience is more hinged on…
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205). This statement become fuel to the controversy over personal dispositions and social factors, and in more fundamental way, over nature versus nurture.
In this paper, I will be presenting a summary of different opinions on the Milgram experiment as gathered from various academic writers in scholarly journals. To date, the Milgram experiment continues to be influential in the study of social psychology, and it has various implications in the conduct of research, as well as the research directions that social psychologists have taken. In conclusion, I will be discussing how Milgram’s experiment influenced the understanding of obedience in psychology. I will be drawing primarily from the articles that will be highlighted in this paper.
Blass (1991) outlines five distinctive features of Milgram’s experiment which has gained its significant place in social psychology, and its lasting contributions. First, is the significance of the results which was far from the predicted outcome when Milgram ran a separate experiment to get the prediction rates of Yale seniors and a group of psychiatrists. Second, is the fact that Milgram conducted a series of experiments on the topic designing a more comprehensive picture of the phenomenon. Third stems from the controversies that the research has initiated. “More than any other research in social psychology, the obedience experiments have been embroiled from the beginning in a number of controversies in which they have played a central and enriching role”(Blass, 1991, p. 398). Fourth, is the far-reaching impact of the obedience research in other fields of discipline such as education, political science, communication research and philosophy. Fifth is how the research has accounted for discrepancies between the situational and dispositional determinants of behaviour. Although debate is continuing, Milgram’s research has paved the way for inquiry into which accounts for specific behaviours, and to
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“Social Psychology (Milgram'S Studies of Obedience) Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1571006-social-psychology-milgrams-studies-of-obedience.
The study of obedience in society involves research into the patterns of behavior that create conformity, peer pressure, objective standards, and the unconscious biases that people commonly accept as part of their cultural value systems. (Myers, 2005)
The trend was mostly observed during the post war era, where researchers mostly were interested in understanding the psychology of people who showed increased levels of conformity and obedience to their authorities. This observation was primarily based on the Nazi concentration camps and the likes, where despite the immorality of the acts, people were seen to be submissive and obeying the orders given to them (Kassin, Fein, Markus, 2010; Smith, Mackie, 2000; Fiske, 2009).
Social Psychologists have delved into this and have conducted experiments, the results of which have been astonishing. The aim of this research paper is to try and answer whether obedience really is a desirable thing or is the cost of being obedient, much too great to pay.
The experiment launched by Milgram was one of the most inventive and controversial one in the history of social psychology field. Stanley Milgram was a young assistant professor with a degree in social psychology from Havard. His experiments intrigued people and sometimes trouble them.Milgram was a man of many interests.
In the re-analysis, Gibson creates a summary of the power relations as a central factor that controls social psychology expressions. He expresses social psychology attributes as the manifestation of in built emotions and knowledge influenced by the dynamic acquisition of credentials and experience.
This increased sensitivity on the underlying nuances of language and expression has also been accompanied by a similar increase in the appreciation of discourse as a valuable source of data and social insight for research. The value of analyzing discourse in the study of social interactions and individual behavior has become central to an ongoing debate within social psychology in regards to the legitimacy of such analysis as a leading paradigm for contemporary social psychology.
The leader gave them the instructions about the work which was in opposition to the personal interest of the member in the study.
One of the studies of obedience was Behavioral Study of Obedience by Stanley Milgarm. In his study he examined the characteristics of obedience.
The assessment of thought processes and feelings are very subjective in nature. This subjectivity makes it difficult to conceptualize and measure the correlates of behavior. This notion has been very effective in determining the nature of experimentation in the field of social psychology and has essentially facilitated the need for deception within the field.
Psychological researcher Stanley Milgram investigated the reasons for their actions and conducted experiments that tested the nature of obedience to authority. Conclusive evidence was also derived from Philip Zimbardo’s tests on prisoners.