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For instance, religion has created ambiguous attitudes towards homosexuality and same sex marriage; there are, however, differences in attitudes of different cultures despite similarity in religion, suggesting that religious orientations are tempered by a nation’s cultural context (Adamczyk & Pitt, 2009:338). Thus, Christians may accept or reject homosexuality depending upon their national culture. There were also studies on society’s attitudes towards gender roles and feminism being affected by religion. Surprisingly, more Muslim women are comfortable identifying themselves as feminists because according to them, Islamic teaching supports feminist principles. Christian women, on the other hand, are less willing to endorse feminism (Ali, Mahmood, Moel, Hudson & Leathers, 2008:38). Religion also is likely to influence gender inequality in education, with discrimination against girls being strong in Muslim-dominant countries (Cooray & Potrafke, 2010:1), something I also gathered during my interview with Amber (see previous journal entry).
Religion could also influence pro-environment behaviours and attitudes. A general sense of spirituality and belief in the soul are found to influence individuals to take a greater concern for the conservation of the environment. Religious belief systems contribute in the creation of public goods and thereby affect economic behaviour (Owen & Videras, 2007:54).
Spirituality and religious attendance have also been associated with decreased probability of suicidal inclinations. Religion and spirituality are likewise shown to be significant factors in decreased rates of mental illness. It was originally thought that the social supports provided by religious affiliations may be at work in reducing suicidal incidents, but a study found that even without the social affiliations, spirituality and profound belief in God still reduced suicidal tendencies (Rasic, et al., 2008).
Religion, aside from influencing people to value
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A while ago, an acquaintance of mine had discussed how much she enjoyed watching The Good Wife, an American drama that depicts the challenges of working in a high-profile law office, with particular attention paid to the main character, Alicia Florick, the intelligent and loyal wife-and-lawyer of Peter Florick, a state attorney.
Religion is a part of culture. It is, in fact, a cultural universal because religious institutions are evident in all societies. Culture, on the other hand, is a set of rules, behaviors and practices within a group of people. These rules, behaviors and practices are also shaped by its elements, like religion, because culture is socially transmitted, and hence, it is dynamic.
Political culture defines the relationship between the ruling elites and the citizens, amongst citizens themselves, and the economy of a given state. It also a blinding factor to the society as defines what a given group should believe in any situation rather than the actual observed occurrence.
It is was once said that the family is a basic unit of the society and with time it has proven to be true in that the factors that bedevils the family end up affecting the society as a whole because the society and the family bear a part-whole relationship.
Gilroy (1992), for example, states that European culture was heterogeneous in nature during and after the enlightenment. But, the social theories that were hitherto dominant constructs with little comprehension of the world beyond Europe have become obsolete to understand and interpret the post-modern world.
However, after the advent of the media, what is shaping people’s identities, behavior, habits, image and lifestyle, is the media (Kellner 1995, p.1). Hence, it is said that the culture that is influencing and
This paper discusses national identity through culture, customs and beliefs. Cultures in different countries have been positively and negatively affected by globalization. The identity is based on people’s loyalty to their country and nationalism. Globalization has challenged the use of traditional identification, hence the importance of education and having a national identity.