The definition of war differs from one person to another. In domestic law, war is an organized act aimed at bringing strife between people. Definition of war in international law, “war is a contention between two or…
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Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy defines war as “an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political communities” (Orend 1). From these definitions war can occur between people, cultures and states. War is usually aimed at having power over the other person. An overall definition of war is continuous violence between groups in which state military forces take part on one side in case of a civil war or both sides in case of interstate wars.
There are different types of war which are triggered by different situations. Hegemonic war also known as global war or world war or general war is a war aimed at controlling or conquering the whole world. It last happened during the Second World War. Where a state attempts to conquer and occupy another state, it is referred to as total war. The aim of the state is to reach the capital city and force the government to surrender. The whole of the enemy’s family is perceived as a legitimate target. After conquering, the victor replaces the subdued government with its own choice. An example of total war is the 2003 Iraq war.
In limited war, the conqueror aims at doing other things apart from conquering and occupying the state. It is a common phenomenon in border wars, after occupying the state it wants, it may stop there to defend its gains. An example of such a war is the U.S. war against Iraq in 1991; U.S. recaptured Kuwait but did not go further to topple Saddam Hussein’s government.
Civil war occurs between some groups within a state with the aim of creating, or preventing a new government for the whole state or some parts of it. Guerilla war is operated by illegal forces that are hidden by civilian population. They rarely confront an enemy; instead they harass and punish the enemy for a long time till the enemy limits its controls. Finally the enemy loosens its grip on the territory and liberates it to the guerrilla army (Eckbaull 1).
A simple definition of strategy can be a means of solving
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Trade, works of art, sports, and armed conflicts are among the things that fuel international relations. The armed expeditions were a normal occurrence in the face of the earth by the year 1900 because every country organized community/country wanted to express its capability through waging of wars that led to lose of many lives although the same is still happening today.
Another historical event that made him more popular, especially among the colored peoples, is the enactment of the Civil Rights Act. President Johnson’s plan to seek another term seemed very viable only to be destroyed later, a casualty of the war that his administration had fanned.
Hence, it becomes highly important to understand International Relations. International Relations is the study of the interaction between the various actors that take part in international politics which includes the countries, states, non-government organizations, international organizations, local governments, bureaucrats and individuals.
According to Cicero, war is 'a contention by force' while, Thomas Hobbes states that "war is also an attitude" Another description of war is that; war is an all-pervasive occurrence of the world. Consequently, wars are simple signs of the basic aggressive manner of the world.
The essay "War Occurs Because There Is Nothing to Prevent It" demonstrates that since the dawn of the world, humanity has been at war. The writer states that people, divided along ethnic, communal or the modern nation state lines have been fighting each other in the name of religion, country or ethnic divisions.
Two World Wars within the space of two decades followed by a nerve-wrecking Cold War era proved to be a catalyst for understanding International Politics.
The Cold War is one of the most sought after phenomenon of the
The citizens had grown tired of the regime and had started organizing civil unrest against the military rule. The military rule had brought down the economy that make the life of the Argentine people difficult to bear. In order to divert the public attention from
This event set the course for activity heavy months of July and August.
The earlier part of July saw engagement of Austria and Serbia in ultimatums and souring of relationship. Count Berchtold was the center figure who represented Austria and he set forth number