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Adler’s personality theories, in concert with the rest of his body of work, focused on human beings as individuals and worthy of study in terms of individual differences between people. But his theory on personality largely reflected the role of external events in shaping how we behave and how we react to certain stimuli. All in all, Alfred Adler’s creation of the field of individual psychology represented a leap forward in its basic assumptions, theoretical contributions, and informative concepts.
The field of individual psychology has since become what is known as differential psychology, or the psychology of individual differences. This added notion of “differences” makes the subject matter clearer: namely, the study of how individuals are different from one another, rather than just of individuals’ characteristics. At its earliest stages under the classical Adlerian theory, individual psychology represented the theory of human behavior emphasizing the need to overcome feelings of inferiority by compensation and the need for personal striving. These kinds of claims would come to be reflected in the works of famous and influential psychologists like Viktor Frankl (also a psychoanalyst) and Abraham Maslow (Boeree, 1998). Adlerian psychology existed not merely as a scientific venture but also as a school of thought with applications: that is, because Adler theorized that human beings are goal-oriented, he thought psychology could help assist human beings (Puget Sound Adlerian Society, 1999).
Because Adler’s influence emerged so early in the history of psychology, he introduced a number of novel and innovative concepts to help explain his theories and findings. Among these concepts were (1) the creative self, (2) a lifestyle, and (3) an inferiority complex. With respect to the creative self, Adler meant that the responsibility for the individuals personality into his own hands. In other words, each
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In determining which measurement tools to use, a researcher has two things to consider, is the tool valid and reliable (McLeod, Harrison, & McCormack, 2012, p. 649). Validity and reliability are two terms commonly used when discussing measurements in research.
2003. Introduction Psychology is the science that creates an understanding towards a logical thinking ability, keeping humane in concise that persisted right from the dawn of human civilization. It is a means to build understanding towards behavior of a person and a means to devise methods to enhance the personality by eliminating the pitfalls to have a sound and congenial influence on the society.
In life, the decisions of people are normally affected by the people that surround them. Thus, very rarely do people act on their feelings and thoughts without being impacted by third parties. The four key characteristics of social psychology include: cultural orientation, broad scope, search for wisdom and application of scientific concepts.
This is mainly associated to the immigrants within an integrated community. Taking this into consideration, therefore, means that being multicultural entails providing equity to all cultures in a society, and no cultural or ethnic group should be completely dominant.
In addition, he addressed comprehensive ideas on several aspects of psychology. While most of his concepts are reflected in several researches, the field of psychology does not acknowledge his contributions. Few individuals, beside the proponents of Adlerian theory support his work.
Psychology is a science which studies and analyzes a human mind and its behavior. The motive behind the research of the mind is to form an opinion regarding a particular thought or behavior is shown by an individual. One of the most important fields in psychology is to analyze the personality of an individual.