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The caregivers’ (mostly, the parents) role therefore is crucial to the development of the child. Without proper care and attention, the child would likely suffer from malnourishment, emotional and mental maladjustment issues. Based on these considerations, this paper shall now discuss the possible impact of extreme deprivation and neglect on the development of a child. It shall use examples of cases and case studies in order to enhance knowledge on this issue.
The nature and the nurture debate have set forth the importance of both genetics and experience in the development of our brain. In generally accepted terms, medical specialists emphasize that nature or genes are responsible for the basic wiring plan, the formation of the cells, and the connections between the different brain regions (Oliver, 2007). Our experiences (nurture) are responsible “for fine-tuning those connections, helping each child adapt to the particular environment (culture, family, peer group) to which he or she belongs” (Oliver, 2007, p. 1). Even as the cells of our brain are already developed and we cannot do anything about how they are developed, the environment still has an influence on the development of the brain.
Based on years of research on neuroscience, an infant’s experience usually has a permanent impact on the wirings of the brain (Eliot, as cited by Oliver, 2007). Upon a child’s birth and subsequent development and growth, his brain cells are fired and wired together. In the process, cells that are highly active are preserved and strengthened, and other cells or synapses which are not active are pruned away (Oliver, 2007). A child’s brain therefore requires constant stimulation in order to develop its full potential. “Their best learning is from being highly attuned to human stimuli – interacting with your face, voice, and touch. Singing, talking, and reading to
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Article 2.2 further details, “States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child's parents, legal guardians, or family members” (UNCRC, 1989).
The author states that childs that are a subject to sexual abuse are often unaware of the fact that they have been harassed as they do not understand sexual abuse and sexual behaviors. Often it is seen that child who has been a victim of sexual abuse does not disclose his abuse because he feels guilty and embarrassed.
Thus, both the multidirectionality of behavior change and interindividual variability in development lead to pluralism in patterns of development. Through these differences in the development of child, scientists, however, emphasize the existence of certain partens that help to differentiate the sides of child's development.
. There is a misplaced perception among the masses that child abuse is only sexual in nature. But emotional neglect of the child's needs and desires by parents or guardians also constitutes child abuse. Childhood is very fragile and emotionally sensitive in nature.
Staying around parents, children develop love and trust for their parents and tend to absorb it in their personality. However, the documentary film Child of Rage talks about a girl Beth who is six and a half years old and suffers from Reactive Attachment Disorder
state, preventing child maltreatment has been accorded a high priority and the policies and regulation that address the issue of child abuse are well in place. In essence, ill-treatment of children is just not limited to the bruises and broken bones that people usually see but
WHO report on child maltreatment prevention indicated more emphasis should be given to achieve the prominence and investment that is given to other serious public-health concerns with lifelong consequences. This paper discusses these long
While many cultures have come to accept the theories at present, there has been a spark of change in the understanding of child development. Contemporary psychologists have advanced a variety of philosophies and perception that has
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