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There are several sources of obtaining stem cells such as spinal marrow, umbilical blood, skin and genital glands. Special attention is paid to excessive blastocysts, which have been prepared for extracorporal fertilization, but unused. Application of these blastocysts predetermines following a set of ethical rights and norms, valid in all countries where their medical usage is legitimated. An official approval of mother or both parents for usage of excessive blastocysts is obligatory required. They should be well aware of medical consequences of their action. This document should be confirmed by national or departmental ethical committee or administrative authority. The Therapeutic Goods Administration regulates application of human tissues in the medicine. “Scientists in Australia and around the world are investigating the potential of different classes of stem cells to repair tissues by inducing them to become the cells needed for repair or replacement of damaged or diseased tissues and organs.” (Sanderson, 2008) At present only umbilical blood stem cells are unused for curing patients in Australia, as this field of medicine has not sufficient quantity of scientific research programs. The scientists consider that the base for stem cell therapy in clinics will be prepared within the following ten – fifteen years. It will help to avoid unforeseen causae mortis among the patients under investigation.
In the international documents necessity of full exclusion of germ purchase and sale is especially underlined, as it prevents female exploitation, humiliation of her self-esteem, deceit by means of pseudo diagnostics. Anonymity of genetic parents of stem cells should be preserved in order not to break privacy of donors and recipients. It concerns for donors of all types of stem cells. This principle promotes further development of stem cells medicine, mitigating some
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The pluripotent stem cells also referred as embryonic cells have the ability to differentiate into every cell of the body while the multipotent (adult) stem cells can only differentiate into multiple cells but not all cell lineages in the body. Research on stem cells spans a broad range of scientific and medical fields.
There are three main types of stem cells: embryonic, adult and induced pluripotent stem cells; of which, embryonic stem cells are found in early embryos and can have the potential of developing into any cell in the body. Adult stems are found in populations around the body after birth such as in the bone marrow and can develop into a limited range of cells, while induced pluripotent stem cells are grown in the laboratory and can be modified to be more specialized.
It is interesting to note that both adults and embryos have stem cells. However, the research of adult stem cells is not what has caused so much furor in the academic and socio-religious circles. The controversy is regarding embryonic stem cells and the research thereon.
Stem Cell Research The issue of ethics has not only crept in our daily lives but has also entered technical aspects of life such as health and medicine. The controversies revolving stem cell research date back to the discovery of stem cells in the late twentieth century.
Stem cell research seeks to develop stem cells to regenerate cells for nonfunctional organs and tissues. Research in stem cell has begun long time ago but has gained popularity recently due to increased scrutiny from the public especially religious organizations.
Some researchers regard them as offering the greatest potential for the alleviation of human suffering since the development of antibiotics; scientists have therefore established ways of coaxing these cells in order to develop most of the human cells. Researchers claim that these cells may be used to replace or repair damaged cells, and they possess the potential to drastically change the treatment to many diseases, like bone loss, broken bones, brain damage due to oxygen starvation, severe burns, cancer (some forms), diabetes, Lou Gehrig's disease, heart disease, hepatitis, incomplete bladder control, Huntington's, leukemia, lupus, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, osteoarthritis, Par
The author discusses ethical and moral arguments of using embryonic stem cells. Arguments of groups or sectors opposing the use of embryonic stem cells revolve around the destruction of life because they consider the cell in the embryo as not just a simple cell but life itself or the beginning of a human being.
Science and technology has developed so much that in the recent years scientists hope to use these cells to develop new tissues, treatments and potentially even organs for transplanting into a patient. First and foremost argument made by the scientific community is that human stem cell research is said to promise new life changing treatments and possible cures for many devastating diseases and injuries, such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, burns and spinal cord injuries (Young 2-16).
Anyone who has seen actor Michael J. Fox testify in front of a congressional hearing on the issue can start to begin to understand the effects of Parkinson's disease in the form of bodily shaking and tremors. It is the hope with the funding of stem cell research, people like Mr.
strate the potential benefits of using stem cells to better the human condition, thus the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee voted in favor of a bill designed to end President George H.W. Bush’s federal funding ban involving experiments allowing tissue transplantation
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