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governments all over the world have initiated disaster management programs that are focused upon providing early warning signs about an imminent disaster and have also introduced action plans to educate members of the public and make them aware of measures they need to institute in order to be effectively prepared in the event of a natural disaster occurring.
While there have been several disasters in the United States, one of the most memorable ones is the Katrina disaster, which resulted in losses of life and property that could have been easily prevented. Federalism is the system whereby certain portfolios are designated under State authority while others such as defense are under the Federal Government’s control. The Katrina disaster caused havoc in the state of Louisiana in particular and has come under sharp criticism because it was ineffectively managed. There was a lack of effective coordination between federal and State agencies in executing the Disaster Management Plan that was already in place.
The FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) in the United States has been subject to sharp criticism on account of its bungling and mismanagement of the Katrina disaster which struck on August 29th, highlighted especially in the incident at the Convention Center in New Orleans where 25,000 people remained stranded for four days before they were rescued.(www.abc.go.com). The State of Louisiana has an exhaustive Hurricane Disaster Plan. [Tapscott, 2005] which called for citizens to be evacuated early, however, none of the guidelines were followed, neither did the FEMA respond quickly and effectively to the disaster [Editorial, 2005]. Losses of life and property have been reported on an unprecedented scale. Although Federal response to disasters had already been initiated in past years for flood and earthquake control, the efforts were still largely decentralized until 1979 when the FEMA came into being.
The Katrina problems however, arose because of
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While it is apparent that tourists are unrestricted to evade destinations that are prone to risk, the penalties of sudden catastrophic events which can be very profound on the tourist destinations are however inescapable. For instance, terrorism activities targeting the tourism sector can be regarded as a disaster for a particular destination
The ability of the government to intervene in a crisis and to neutralize it determines the impact of the conflict, which at times may be beyond rehabilitation. The world has experienced numerous crises that have been recorded in the world history as dangerous conflict situations that resulted in the death of many people in the world.
Crisis Management: Case Study Introduction In today’s business world, the value of information cannot be overstated. Information is the commodity shaping company’s fortunes even if the company is not in the information communication industry. Right now, it is hard for a company to cut out a market niche for itself, and when it does it guards that reputation by all means.
While most other firms would have buckled under the pressure of public scrutiny, Taco Bell's mother company, Yum Brands, decided to fight back using the best weapon it had in its legal arsenal, social media. Taco Bell took out nationwide print ads in The Wall Street Journal, New York Times, USA Today, and local market newspapers that included Globe, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, Orange County Register, San Diego Tribune, and the San Francisco Chronicle.
According to Seeger (Seeger, Sellnow & Ulmer, 1998) there are three elements common to most definitions of crisis : a) a threat to the organization b) the element of surprise and c) a short decision time.
Crisis management deals with crisis not when the crisis arises and finishes but it starts well in advance before a crisis happens and when the crisis has ended.
Security Concept. The essential inputs from intelligence gathering agencies need to be carefully analyzed, and a proper threat assessment needs to be undertaken by the security agencies. Once all inputs have been analyzed and taken care of, a security plan needs to be formulated keeping in mind the social status and protocol of the dignitary.
In that sense, international crisis management signals the end of an important political dichotomy. The notion of 'crisis' differs widely from our classical perception of war as the great exception to the normal political state of affairs. This does not mean that crisis and crisis management have become regular or everyday political phenomena, but the tendency to routinization is undeniable.
(www.defra.gov.uk, 2008). The incident drifted the attention of various countries toward the possibility of incurring severe life and financial losses as a result of possible incidents like tsunami. This led to the emergence
There are three major elements that constitute a crisis, these three are, element of surprise, threat to an organization, a short period of time to make a decision. Blyth (2009) explains that crisis refers to a process whereby it is difficult
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