Among the most read quote about mothers is one by Josiah G. Holland, which says: “The foundation of our national character is laid by the mothers of the nation” (cited in Wegener, 2005, p.38). This statement implies…
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Those studies particularly show that the most widely accepted notions about motherhood are not innate in women and women were not actually born to fulfill those roles.
To understand how the conventional views on motherhood came to be, it is important to study first what construction is. After which, the construction of motherhood will be studied. Studying motherhood construction is necessary in determining what a good and bad mother is. It is likewise important to study these notions about good and bad motherhood and to highlight that those notions are dependent on social contexts.
The conventional views on motherhood are neither innate nor universal. They were a product of different social factors. The creation of these views is called motherhood construction. Several studies have been made in the past few decades concerning the construction of motherhood—its nature, the factors involved in it, and its psychological and social effects on women.
A review of literature concerning motherhood shows a consensus among studies that motherhood is socially constructed. For instance, Woodward (1997) noted that different social, cultural, ethnical, and economic factors tend to create their own models of motherhood. This view is supported by Klee, Jackson, and Lewis (2002) who found that the definitions of good motherhood are neither constant nor universal. Since the construction of motherhood is already well-accepted, the main concern now is to determine the extent to which motherhood is constructed. This study focuses the nature of motherhood construction and the dominant views on ‘good’ and ‘bad’ motherhood.
The most dominant view of a good mother is that of a woman who is at the ‘right’ age and is engaged in a stable heterosexual relationship (Unger, 2004, p.182). On the other hand, mothers who are “single, Black, young, working-class, and in lesbian
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This will be done through reference to extensive literature established in the subject II.1. Organization and Society: Drawing the Parallels After studying the patterns of cultural evolution, the writer of this paper is inclined towards the belief that there is a significant amount of similarity in the manner in which culture is manifested in business organisations and in society in general (Rollinson et al, 1998; Morgan, 1998).
The literature review presented further on is focused on a current paradigm of surrogate motherhood. It is supposed that it is relevant to pay for surrogate motherhood to women who have already given birth to their own children. Physical and emotional load of surrogate motherhood is evident and it is not an easy labor.
If a cohabitating couple finds parenting a challenging role, how much more does a single mother feels about raising a child alone? Oftentimes, a single mother experiences more stress compared to a mother with cohabitating male partner because the supposedly sharing of responsibility in raising the child is impaired coupled with the psychological factors related to single-parenthood.
It is for this reason that organizations have been often characterized as socially constructed phenomena. The relationship between organizations and society is critically analyzed in this paper. It is proved that organizations can be characterized as socially constructed phenomena but the arguments on which such descriptions can be based may be differentiated across organizations operating in markets with different social and ethical rules, an issue discussed below.
For instance, countries usually have constitutions that are used as a reference point on the issues that relate to the governance of a given group of people. In any system of governance, there are usually two types of people. We have those that influencers and we have those that are influenced.
These selections are arranged in nine chapters that thematically move from personal issues to subjects that can affect the entire American society. The themes presented in the chapters of the books include: Insight, Role Models and Heroes, Popular culture, Transition, Self-Perception, Relationships, Violence, Ethics, Morals and Values, and Prejudice and Discrimination.
According to the essay the World Income Inequality Database maintained by the United Nations University provides some useful information regarding the distribution of income across the globe. The Lorenz Curve and the Gini Coefficient are very beneficial to obtain a clear view of the income distribution in a particular region (ibid).
being soft, emotional and in some ways feminine. Women in Herland raise their children, love, nurture, and care them for having them as their own as they literally own them solely. Until an experiment to reproduce with the presence of a man is recommended by some physicians and allow the union of Van and Ellador just before the novel ends to make way of producing children that they will call them as their offspring, perhaps by means of sexual reproduction, although at the beginning of their relationship friendly treatment with each other and not stereo-typical lover is suggested.
e epigraph for the Spirit of the Law is taken from the Metamorphoses of the ancient Roman poet Ovid: “An offspring created without a mother” (2.553). Montesquieu understands his work as offering a creative or original approach to both longstanding and novel problems of
There exist a number of false scripts on motherhood in the Western society. The truth is that the society has moved the accent on a child and a baby’s life is treated as the one that matters more than a mother’s one. For several centuries already the society has
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