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A specific ‘disturbance’ in children, i.e. ‘temper tantrums’ shall be closely looked at evaluating whether the same derives its roots from ‘nature’ or ‘nurture’ or both. Before concluding we shall consider if the disturbance under our observation can be better explained by ‘transactional model’. The aim of this paper shall be chiefly to identify the factors responsible for shaping social and emotional development in children. I shall argue that not a single factor can shape a child’s development, yet not every theory by its own strength can serve as an explanation for a child’s development. Therefore, it is the amalgamation of the basic ideas of all theories that would best be able to meet our end.
Simply understood, the term ‘development’ can be defined as “changes over time in the child’s understanding of, attitudes towards, and actions with others” (As cited in Smith & Hart 2002 p.3). An essential element inevitable in the process of development of children is ‘change’. Change is not just a forseeable phenomenon in children, they are a prerequisite to development as well. That is because every physical or emotional development entails ‘change’. But what affects this change? Apart from the greater biological mechanism that determine changes in us, certain other factors such as once’s social upbringing and other environmental influences are also responsible.
Before we can even start evaluating the causes for the development in children, it is inevitable to find a barrier in having a conclusive take for the same, for, perhaps the biggest debate in the field of psychology, the Nature versus Nurture argument keeps all possible explanation in the state of indeterminacy. Those who supported ‘nature’ claimed that development is essentially the result of the pre-set biological functionings that get encoded from parents to offspring. They argue that “…genetic
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The main aim of research is to provide an inclusive description about different models and theories of consumer behavior in context of generating positive attitudes related to some particular products or brands. Models and theories are selected which have a core relationship between consumer behavior and marketing strategies.
Marketing researchers in this vein place their emphasis on the taxonomic system of classifying products into either non-impulse or impulse products so as to enable marketing strategies, for instance, point of purchase advertising, in-store promotions or merchandising (Hulten and Vanyushyn 381).
On the other hand, having common points of reference for people with varied social backgrounds is not as easy as it seems since there are numerous possible character combinations. This is the main reason for numerous theories and models whose main aim is to explain human behaviour, with the attempt to predict the reactions people would have in different scenarios.
Intelligence or the cognitive capabilities of individuals refers to the mental capabilities which involve the ability to reason, plan and solve problems by comprehending complex issues (Woods and West 2010). Intelligence involves attaching meaning to the complex surrounding and deciding which course of action to take among several alternatives.
A single psychological approach may encompass several theories; however, these theories may tend to share similar assumptions. Each of the psychological perspectives tends to be different from the other; as a result, each perspective offers a different understanding of human behaviour.
An industry is the collection of firms making identical or similar products. Market structure is an important element and depends upon the nature of competition and number of firms competing within the industry. It is often characterised in terms of the strength of buyers and sellers, level of collusion, form of competition, degree of product differentiation, and also the ease of exit and entry into the market.
Whereas different scholars have made multiple attempts to explain the human behaviour using various approaches, dividing people into groups, personality types, finding explanations to different actions both “within” and “outside” the
ay help in forming attitudes towards the brands and the products, or the advertising message may brig about a change in behaviour and lead to actual purchase (Dillard, J. P & M. Pfau, 2002). While the customers may be affected by the advertising messages in one or all the above